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Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) Job Descriptions
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5 PROCESSING OCCUPATIONS
529.685-142 to 550.665-022

    This category includes occupations concerned with refining, mixing, compounding, chemically treating, heat treating, or similarly working materials and products. Knowledge of a process and adherence to formulas or other specifications are required in some degree. Vats, stills, ovens, furnaces, mixing machines, crushers, grinders, and related equipment or machines are usually involved.


529.685-142 HORSERADISH MAKER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: horseradish grinder

    Tends machines and equipment to wash, grind, mix, and bottle horseradish: Starts machine to wash horseradish roots. Dumps washed roots on floor. Holds root against rotating wire brush to remove skin and blemishes. Places container under discharge outlet of grinder, starts machine manually, and feeds roots into grinder hopper. Turns valve to fill mixing machine with vinegar to specified level. Dumps ground horseradish into mixer and starts machine. Tilts mixer, or ladles out mixed horseradish into containers. Loads horseradish into hopper of filling machine, and starts machine. Holds jars under filling spout that deposits measured amount of horseradish in jar. Manually caps and labels jars. May dump horseradish roots into washing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-146 ICE CREAM FREEZER ASSISTANT (dairy products) alternate titles: freezer assistant

    Assists FREEZER OPERATOR (dairy products) to freeze and package ice cream, performing any combination of following tasks: Pours cans of fruit into sieve to separate juice. Places cans of chocolate coating into hot water vat, pushes barrel into mechanical heating unit, or adds specified amount of water to chocolate to increase its fluidity. Measures specified kinds and amounts of ingredients, such as ice cream mix, flavor, and color. Starts pump, or dumps ingredients into flavor-mix tanks to maintain continuous flow of mix into freezer. Adjusts guides or controls of automatic carton forming, filling, and wrapping machines. Shapes and feeds carton blanks, bottoms, and rims into carton forming machine [CARTON-FORMING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry)]. Holds bulk carton under filler head or places it on mechanical filling platform to fill carton with ice cream. Weighs carton. May mix ingredients, such as fruit juice, color, water, flavor, sugar, citric acid, and stabilizers to make mix for frozen ice confections. When tending flavor tanks, may be known as Flavor-Tank Tender (dairy products). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-150 ICE CUTTER (food prep., nec)

    Tends machines that crush, shave, cut, or cube ice: Pulls blocks of ice into working area with tongs, and breaks ice into chunks, using ice pick or pronged bar. Feeds ice into hoppers of crushing or shaving machines. Places bag under discharge chute and pulls lever to fill bag with crushed or shaved ice. Ties wire around bag, marks weight on bag, and slides bag into storage room. Cuts blocks of ice to specified size, using handsaw, power saw, or heated shear-blade. Pushes sections of ice over series of rotating saws that cut it into layers, rows, and cubes. May be designated according to work performed as Cube Cutter (food prep., nec); Ice Crusher (any industry).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-154 LABORER, STARCH FACTORY (grain-feed mills)

    Tends equipment, such as grinders and mixers, and performs any combination of following tasks to convert vegetables and grain, such as potatoes, corn, and wheat, into starch: Transports grain or vegetable from storage, using lift truck, opens sacks, and dumps materials into chute or conveyor leading to grinding mill. Tends hammermill that removes foreign matter and grinds grain or vegetable into particles to form starch paste. Turns valves and starts pumps and paddle agitators to transfer starch solution to settling vat, flush impurities from surface of solution, using water hose, drain water, and mix fresh water with settled starch. Adds and mixes chemicals to starch milk as directed. Starts pump, centrifuges, and driers to remove excess moisture from white (purified) starch. Fills and weighs bags of dried starch and transports bags to storage, using lift or handtruck. May be designated Door Slinger (grain-feed mills) when opening and closing lever-actuated doors of starch kiln.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-158 LARD REFINER (meat products; oils & grease)

    Tends equipment that cooks animal fat, and filters and bleaches oil: Cooks fat in steam-jacketed kettle. Turns valve to admit rendered oil to agitator tank. Starts agitator, and turns valve to heat tank. Dumps specified amount of fuller's earth (bleaching agent) into tank. Turns valves to transfer oil through filter drums into storage tank. May add preservative solution to lard in mixing tank and press button to blend ingredients. May be designated according to material handled as Oleo-Hasher-And-Renderer (oils & grease).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-162 LINKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products)

    Tends one or more machines that automatically tie stuffed casings into links to form meat products, such as frankfurters, sausages, and wieners: Threads string into tying mechanism of machine and turns screws to regulate length of links. Starts machine and feeds end of stuffed casing into machine. Hangs string of linked casings on racks or rods for transfer to smokeroom.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-166 MEAT BLENDER (can. & preserv.)

    Tends machinery that grinds and mixes frozen meat with water according to formula for use in baby food: Opens cartons of specified weight meat and places specified weight into automatic dumping mechanism of grinder. Turns valves and presses buttons to start grinder, conveyor, mixing machine, and pump that grind and blend meat with specified amount of water, and transfer mixture to storage tanks. Observes conveyor to prevent jamming and rakes meat from jammed conveyor into mixing machine. Occasionally weighs, cuts, and adds additional chunks of meat into grinder to meet batch weight specifications, using platform scale and electric bandsaw. Records batches processed.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-170 MOISTURE-MACHINE TENDER (tobacco)

    Tends moisture-machine that automatically moistens filler tobacco preparatory to processing: Pushes button to start automatic machine which forces prongs through boxes of tobacco to release preset amount of steam. Observes gauges to ensure that specified amount of steam pressure is maintained. Stops machine and notifies supervisor of machine malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-174 NUT ROASTER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: cooker; oven roaster; roaster

    Tends equipment that roasts, blanches, and cleans shelled nuts: Sets temperature and time controls on oven for roasting process. Fills trays with nuts by hand and places trays in oven, or dumps nuts into feeder bin of screen conveyorized cooker or rotary drum in oven. Removes sample of nuts from oven, using spoon, compares nuts with color standard, and adjusts time and temperature controls of oven to ensure specified roasting. Removes specified number of trays of roasted nuts from oven for further processing, or pulls lever to empty roasted nuts from rotary oven into bin. Smooths out nuts in bin, using rake. Pushes bin over forced draft air vent to cool nuts. Tilts bin by hand or by hoist to dump cooled nuts into hopper of machines that remove skins, sprouts, stones, shell particles, and dirt, and starts machine. May immerse and roast nuts in hot oil bath. May coat nuts with liquid gum arabic prior to roasting to provide adhesive surface for salt. May sprinkle nuts with salt, garlic, cheese, or other seasonings by hand or by using automatic equipment. May pack nuts in bags or sacks. May be designated according to kind of nut roasted as Almond Roaster (can. & preserv.); Peanut Roaster (can. & preserv.); or according to whether oil is used as Dry Roaster (can. & preserv.); Wet Roaster (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-178 PEANUT-BUTTER MAKER (can. & preserv.; food prep., nec)

    Tends machines that make peanut butter: Opens valves to fill mixing chamber with roasted nuts, and adds specified amounts of salt, sugar, and homogenizing ingredients. Observes gauges to determine if temperature in mixing chamber is within specified limits. Turns dial to regulate speed of pumps which force mixture through grinding chambers. Opens valves to allow mixture to flow from one grinding chamber to another to obtain specified texture, and transfer ground mixture into cooling mixer. May tend automatic equipment that roasts nuts, fills, labels, and caps containers, and packs containers in shipping cartons.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.685-182 PLUG-CUTTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: plug-cutter; plug-cutting-and-wrapping-machine operator

    Tends machine that cuts plugs of chewing or smoking tobacco into plugs of specified size for retailing: Loads plugs into hopper that discharges plugs onto conveyor leading to knives. Starts flow of flavoring onto knives or wipes knives with cloth dipped in flavoring to lubricate cutters. May scrape cutting knives with blade to remove tobacco particles. May tend cellophane-wrapping machine in tandem with cutter. May pack plugs in cartons manually.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-186 PLUG-OVERWRAP-MACHINE TENDER (tobacco)

    Tends machine that wraps lumps of chewing tobacco in $T3homogenized leaf$T1 prior to further processing: Mounts roll of homogenized leaf on holding rod of machine and guides leaf through rollers and under cutter. Pours glue into container. Starts machine and observes operation of machine to detect malfunctions. Stops machine when malfunction or jam-up occurs, and removes lump end leaf from machine to clear jam-up. Sprays machine parts with alcohol to prevent tobacco sticking and notifies mechanic when machine requires adjustment or repair.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-190 PRESERVATIVE FILLER, MACHINE (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: syruper

    Tends machine that automatically dispenses brine, oil, salt, or syrup into containers of food products prior to lidding or capping: Starts machine and turns valves to allow flow of solution. Feeds or guides containers onto conveyor that carries containers under dispensing nozzles. Observes filling operation and adjusts flow of solution or material to optimum volume. Removes broken jars from conveyor and deposits jars in waste receptacles. May fill machine reservoirs with dry salt, oil, brine, or sugar solution as required. May be designated according to solution used as Briner, Machine (can. & preserv.); Oil Dispenser (can. & preserv.); Syruper, Machine (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-194 RAW-JUICE WEIGHER (sugar & conf.)

    Tends equipment that automatically weighs specified amount of raw sugar-cane juice to fill processing tanks: Opens valves to admit juice and lime solution. Adds chemicals to solution to remove impurities. Takes samples of juice for laboratory analysis. Washes tanks, using water hose.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-198 REFINING-MACHINE OPERATOR (oils & grease)

    Tends machine that refines crude oils, such as soybean, cottonseed, and peanut: Turns valve to pump oil and caustic solution from storage tanks into machine tanks as specified. Starts machine to separate caustic from oil by centrifugal force. Sets thermostat, observes gauges, and regulates valves to maintain prescribed temperature in wash and dryer tanks. Turns valves to pump mixtures to wash and dryer tank to remove byproducts with water, and impurities with heat. Turns valve to pump refined oil to storage tanks. Cleans bowls, using water and steam. May test samples of crude and refined oil to determine specific gravity and free fatty acid content, using hydrometer and refractometer. May be designated according to type of machine tended as Sharples-Machine Operator (oils & grease).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-202 RENDERING-EQUIPMENT TENDER (meat products)

    Tends equipment, such as cooking tanks, expellers or presses, driers, grinders, auxiliary pumps, and conveyors, to render and process offal for use as plant and animal foods, performing any combination of following tasks: Opens valves and starts pumps and conveyors to move materials through rendering process. Observes temperature gauges and rate of flow and condition of materials passing through cookers, expellers, and grinders, and adjusts valves and rate of flow. Shovels or dumps guts, bones, and other inedible or condemned parts of slaughtered animals into chute leading to grinder and cooking tanks. Drains oil from surface of cooked offal and opens tank discharge to drop cooked material into trough leading to expellers. Starts grinding and screening equipment to pulverize and sift tankage, cracklings, and cooked blood for sacking. Hangs sack on discharge hopper of screening equipment and opens gate to discharge specified amount of material into sack. Ties or sews mouth of sack. May be known according to specific work performed as Cooker And Presser (meat products); Crackling-Press Operator (meat products); Oil-Expeller (meat products); Press Operator (meat products); Tallow Pumper (meat products); Tankage-Grinder Operator (meat products); Tank Charger (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-206 RESERVE OPERATOR (tobacco)

    Relieves workers on fresh-work cigar machine: Feeds filler tobacco to machine [FILLER FEEDER (tobacco)]. Tends unit of machine that cuts and feeds binder leaves [BINDER LAYER (tobacco)]. Tends unit that cuts and feeds wrappers [WRAPPER LAYER (tobacco)]. Inspects finished cigars [FRESH-WORK INSPECTOR (tobacco)].
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-210 SANDWICH-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

    Tends machine that forms and wraps ice cream sandwiches: Attaches tube lines from freezer machine to ice cream forming head, using wrench. Assembles dispenser trays, wafer extruders, sandwich pusher, paper tucker, and elevator table to form sandwich of specified size. Threads roll of wrapping paper from spindle through guide rolls to wrapping box. Turns tension screws to obtain desired size wrapper. Starts machine and turns valve to start flow of ice cream from freezer through forming head past wafer extruders. Observes formed ice cream ribbon as it is automatically enclosed with wafers, cut at specified intervals, and wrapped. Turns valve and stops machine to remove jammed or defectively formed and wrapped sandwiches. Turns handwheel or presses jogging button to alter position of elevator table or wrapping paper to correct jam. May replace worn electrical or mechanical parts.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-214 SHELLFISH-PROCESSING-MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)

    Tends washing, blanching, steaming, brining, peeling, or shucking machine that prepares shellfish for canning, freezing, or fresh packing: Opens valves to admit water, steam, or air under pressure into machine vats, and adds specified quantities of additives, such as salt or food coloring. Lowers baskets of shellfish into vats by hand or hoist, or pushes cars of shellfish into steamer chamber. Closes door of steamer chamber, clamps fasteners over edges of door, and turns wing nuts to secure door. Starts conveyors that move product through machines or into weighing carts. May turn screws to adjust tension of peeler, using wrench. May tend machines that slice, grind, and tenderize clam meat. May be designated according to machine tended as Clam-Shucking-Machine Tender (can. & preserv.); Shrimp-Peeling-Machine Tender (can. & preserv.); or by shellfish processed as Clam Steamer (can. & preserv.); Crab Steamer (can. & preserv.); Oyster Washer (can. & preserv.); Shrimp Blancher (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

529.685-218 SPICE FUMIGATOR (food prep., nec)

    Tends equipment that fumigates incoming shipments of spices to kill insects: Stacks sacks, boxes, and cartons of spices in fumigating tank; or moves loaded pallet into fumigating room, using handtruck. Starts exhaust pump or opens valve on carbon dioxide pressure cylinder to remove or force air from fumigating tank or room. Pours specified quantities of liquid fumigants, such as ethylene oxide, into container in fumigating tank; or opens valve on pressure cylinder to admit specified amounts of gaseous fumigant into tank or room. Opens ventilating valves and starts vacuum pump or blower to remove fumigants after specified time. Removes spices from fumigating tank or room. May be required to hold fumigator's license issued by local health department.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-222 SPREADER OPERATOR, AUTOMATIC (tobacco) alternate titles: strip feeder

    Tends machine that spreads tobacco evenly onto conveyor belt. Places saratoga filled with tobacco on hydraulic lift and starts machine. Pulls lever to hoist saratoga and dump tobacco into hopper of machine where prong-studded shaft fluffs tobacco and spreads tobacco evenly onto conveyor belt. Cleans tobacco from prongs of shaft.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-226 STEAMER (beverage) alternate titles: soaker-soda worker; soda worker

    Tends equipment to maintain caustic soda solution and water levels and temperatures in bottle-washing machine: Observes thermometers and gauges, and turns valves to heat soda solution and water to specified temperatures and fill compartments of bottle-washing machine to specified levels. Collects sample of soda solution for laboratory analysis. Opens valve to allow used soda solution to drain into reclaiming tank. May maintain water and temperature levels in pasteurizer and label machines.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-230 STEM-DRYER MAINTAINER (tobacco)

    Cleans redrying machines and keeps tobacco-stem offal removed from shaker-screen: Pulls dust pans from redryers and empties pans into box. Blows dust and fine scrap from under machines and work area, using airhose. Pushes full boxes of offal from shaker-screen to collecting point and replaces full box with empty one. Beats dust from canvas dust-collecting tubes, using wooden stick.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-234 SUCKER-MACHINE OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: lollypop-machine operator; lollypop maker

    Tends machine that automatically forms lollypops of specified shape on ends of wooden sticks: Turns steam valve to heat candy hopper or rollers of candy-spinning unit. Pours candy into machine hopper and fills receptacle with sucker sticks. Monitors and adjusts machine to prevent jamming.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-238 TABLET-MACHINE OPERATOR (dairy products)

    Tends machine that compresses malted milk powder into tablets: Dumps powder into hopper, using scoop, and starts machine. Moves hopper lever to deposit specified amount of powder into forming dies in machine table. Examines tablets to determine thickness and hardness, and turns wheel to adjust positions of forming dies and punch dies in machine head.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-242 TANK PUMPER, PANELBOARD (beverage)

    Tends central control panelboard, connected to series of pumps and hose lines, to transfer whiskeys from storage tanks to bottling tanks: Connects hose lines from panelboard to series of electric pumps with lines connected to storage tanks and bottling tanks. Starts pumps and turns valves on panelboard to transfer and regulate flow of whiskey from storage tank to bottling tank. Reads meters on panelboard to ascertain when tanks are filled. Turns valves on panelboard to admit compressed air through valves and hose lines to clear excess whiskey from lines. Collects whiskey samples for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-246 TAPPER (beverage) alternate titles: dropper; dropper, tank storage

    Tends equipment that taps (drains) beer storage tanks to maintain continuous flow of beer to filtering machine: Couples hose lines to pumps, tanks, and filtering machine. Observes meters and turns valves on gas tank to admit specified amounts of carbon dioxide into storage tank to create effervescence in beer, and to apply external pressure on tank to counteract internal stress. Observes gauge to determine when to turn valves to switch from empty to full tank. Opens valve to release counter pressure on empty tanks and uncouples hoses.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-250 VOTATOR-MACHINE OPERATOR (meat products; oils & grease)

    Tends one or more machines that cool liquid margarine, lard, or shortening, and knead solidified material preparatory to packaging: Starts kneading unit of machine. Opens valve to admit liquid material to cooling unit that solidifies it and to transfer solids to kneading unit that imparts smooth texture. Observes gauges and adjusts controls to keep specified temperature and pressure of material in cooling and kneading units. Turns valves to regulate flow of processed material into hoppers of packaging machine. May clean lines and equipment, using pressurized steam and nitrogen gas.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-254 WASH-HOUSE WORKER (beverage)

    Tends equipment to clean and spray interiors of aluminum or steel beer barrels or kegs, performing any combination of following tasks: Tends drilling machine to remove plastic or wood cork from bunghole. Lifts barrel onto conveyor for transfer to washing or pitching machine. Tends washing or pitching machine that cleans or coats barrels with pitch. Observes gauges and thermometers and turns valves to maintain temperatures at specified operating levels. Dumps bags of pitch into machine pots. Screws metal plugs into tap and bungholes. Unscrews plugs from pitched barrels, wipes holes with rags to remove excess pitch, and hammers cork into taphole. Inserts light into barrel and inspects interior surfaces for dents, holes, dirt, and completeness of pitch coverage. Loads and unloads conveyors. Stacks barrels on floor.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-258 WASHER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture; can. & preserv.; sugar & conf.; wholesale tr.)

    Tends machine that washes raw fruits or vegetables, preparatory to processing, canning, freezing, or packing: Opens valve to fill machine with water and adds prescribed cleaning agents. Dumps raw fruits or vegetables into machine hopper and starts conveyor that carries produce through machine. Drains, cleans, and refills machine at designated intervals. May lubricate machine and make minor repairs. When operating washer with waxing unit attached, may be designated Washing-And-Waxing-Machine Operator (agriculture; wholesale tr.). May be designated according to commodity washed as Apple Washer (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Carrot Washer (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Orange Washer (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-262 WHEAT CLEANER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: bump-grader operator

    Tends equipment that cleans, moisturizes, and cracks wheat for cereal products, preparatory to cooking: Starts conveyors to transfer wheat from storage to vibrating screens in grading and cleaning units. Sets thermostat at specified temperature to heat water used to wash grain and increase moisture content to designated value. Turns valves and moves controls to regulate flow of water and grain through washer and soaking bin and to transfer grain to grinder rolls for cracking. Observes process to correct conveyor jamming and to open plugged holes in separator screens.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-266 WRAPPER LAYER (tobacco) alternate titles: fresh-work wrapper-layer; long-filler-cigar roller, machine

    Tends unit of fresh-work cigar machine that cuts wrapper leaf and wraps leaf around bunch: Spreads wrapper leaf over die of machine. Presses pedal to lower knife that cuts leaf. Releases pedal to raise knife and start mechanism that removes cut leaf and wraps it around bunch. Pastes portion of leaf over holes or tears to patch wrapper leaves.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.685-270 WRAPPER-LAYER-AND-EXAMINER, SOFT WORK (tobacco) alternate titles: scrap-filler-cigar roller, machine; shredded-filler cigar-maker, machine; shredded-filler-machine wrapper-layer; soft-work-cigar-machine operator

    Tends soft-work cigar machine (turret machine) that rolls wrapper tobacco leaves around bunches to make cigars: Lays wrapper leaf on die of machine and presses treadle to lower knife that cuts leaf and to activate mechanism that draws cut leaf into machine and rolls leaf around bunch. Inspects finished cigars for defects as cigars emerge from machine. Pastes portions of leaf over holes or tears in wrappers. Discards defective cigars that cannot be repaired. Works in conjunction with BUNCH MAKER, MACHINE (tobacco) who supplies bunches to machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-274 X-RAY INSPECTOR (can. & preserv.; tobacco) alternate titles: fluoroscope operator

    Inspects packaged tobacco products or jars of baby food to detect foreign matter, using x-ray equipment: Activates equipment and conveyor. Observes shadows cast on fluorescent screen by package or jar passing in front of x ray which indicates presence of foreign matter, such as sticks, stems, metal, or dirt. Removes defective packages or jars.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-278 YEAST WASHER (food prep., nec)

    Tends equipment that washes, pasteurizes, and cools yeast cream (concentrated yeast suspension) used in manufacture of baker's yeast and yeast food: Opens valve to pump yeast cream into tank, and adds water to yeast cream to remove traces of wort adhering to yeast cells. Pumps yeast cream and wash water to storage tank preparatory to centrifugal separation. Turns valves to admit steam into jacket of pasteurizer and circulate brine through cooling coils of cooler. Pumps yeast cream, that has been washed and separated from wash water, to pasteurizer and through cooling equipment to storage tank. Tests cream for acidity, using pH meter, and adds necessary chemicals to attain required acidity level.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.685-282 CAN-FILLING-AND-CLOSING-MACHINE TENDER (can. & preserv.)

    Tends machines that automatically wash, fill, and seal cans in cannery: Pushes buttons and levers on control panel to start machines and monitors machine operations to verify that can washer, can food and liquid filler, can sealer, and conveyor mechanisms function in prescribed sequence. Observes cans leaving machines to detect defects, such as overfilled cans or misaligned lids. Pushes buttons to stop machines when machines malfunction, and notifies MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (any industry) 638.281-014 of detected defects.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

529.685-286 CIGAR-WRAPPER TENDER, AUTOMATIC (tobacco)

    Tends machines that automatically encase tobacco filler in layers of $T3homogenized leaf$T1 tobacco to form cigars: Places rolls of homogenized leaf on spindles and guides leaf through tension guides and rollers of machine. Starts machine that automatically wraps filler with binder, mouth end of cigar with reinforcing band, and bunch with wrapper leaf to form cigar. Observes machine operation to detect malfunctions. Turns setscrews to adjust feed rate, and stops and clears machine when jam-up occurs. Examines cigars discharged from machine for defects, such as holes, tears, and insufficient filler, and for conformity to size specifications. Loads inspected cigars into storage containers.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

529.685-290 COOK, SOYBEAN SPECIALTIES (food prep., nec)

    Tends equipment that processes soybeans to make soymilk, tofu, tempeh, and related products: Pours specified quantity of presoaked soybeans into mill hopper and depresses button to start grinding of beans and flow of bean mash into steam-jacketed cooker. Adds specified amount of water to mash and stirs mash to prevent burns and boilovers, using paddle. Sprays cooker exterior with water to maintain temperature in acceptable range. At end of prescribed time, turns valve to allow mash to flow into filter-lined hydraulic press tub. Depresses controls to actuate press that expresses soymilk from mash and pumps milk into vats. Heats and injects additives into soymilk to form curd, using syringe, skims off and discards surface residue, using ladle, and places weights on curd to express whey from curd to form tofu. Adds flavorings and stabilizers to soymilk and cooks and freezes mix, using steam cooker and freezing machine, to make soy ice cream. Cooks whole soybeans, mixes tempeh mold with cooked rice to make tempeh starter, and mixes incubated starter with cooked soybeans to form tempeh. Fills packaging containers with product, following prescribed procedures. May blend and cook bean mash or processed soy products with other ingredients to prepare ready-to-eat packaged foods. May be designated according to product prepared as Soyfreeze Operator (food prep., nec); Tempeh Maker (food prep., nec); Tofu Maker (food prep., nec).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

529.686-010 BUNDLES HANGER (tobacco) alternate titles: hands hanger

    Hangs bundles of tobacco on sticks moving on chain conveyor to redrying machine: Removes bundles from table and observes color shade. Spreads leaves of bundle to form opening and hangs bundle on stick conveying bundles of similar color shade. May shake bundles that have been packed in hogsheads to loosen leaves prior to hanging bundles on stick [SHAKER (tobacco)].
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.686-014 CANNERY WORKER (can. & preserv.)

    Performs any combination of following tasks to can, freeze, preserve, or pack food products: Dumps or places food products in hopper, on sorting table, or on conveyor. Sorts or grades products according to size, color, or quality. Feeds products into processing equipment, such as washing, refrigerating, peeling, coring, pitting, trimming, grinding, dicing, cooking, or slicing machines. Trims, peels, and slices products with knife or paring tool. Feeds empty containers onto conveyor or forming machines. Fills containers, using scoop or filling form, or packs by hand [PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) 920.587-018]. Counts, weighs, or tallies processed items according to specifications. Inspects and weighs filled containers to ensure product conforms to quality and weight standards. Places filled containers on trays, racks, or into boxes. Loads, moves, or stacks containers by hand or handtruck, and cleans glass jar containers, using airhose. May be designated according to work performed as Dumper (can. & preserv.); Peeler (can. & preserv.); Sorter (can. & preserv.); Trimmer (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

529.686-018 CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE-HOPPER FEEDER (tobacco)

    Pushes box truck filled with cigarette tobacco to cigarette-making machine, and feeds double handful of tobacco into hopper.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-022 CUTLET MAKER, PORK (meat products)

    Feeds machine that shreds and presses pork into cutlets: Cuts strips of pork into pieces, using knife. Dumps cut meat into feed hopper of machine that automatically shreds meat, presses shredded meat into cutlets, and stacks cutlets on waxed paper dividers. Weighs and packs cutlets into cardboard carton on weighing scales, according to work ticket specifications. Seals carton, using pneumatic staple gun.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-026 DAIRY HELPER (dairy products)

    Performs any combination of following tasks in dairy: Scrubs bottles, pipes, fittings, and machines with chemical solution, using brush. Attaches pipes and fittings to machines, using wrenches. Examines canned milk for dirt and odor, and dumps milk into receiving tank. Dumps milk, cream, butter, cottage cheese, and powdered milk into machine hoppers. Starts and stops machines and equipment. Cuts butter and cottage cheese, using knives. Wraps butter prints in foil or parchment and seals them with hot iron. Packs bulk butter into cartons. Pulls lever on hopper to fill cartons or bags with powdered milk. Weighs containers on scale. Places bottles, cartons, and packages into container, and moves to storage, using handtruck. Dumps empty bottles, cases, and cans onto conveyor for transfer to receiving, washing, or filling stations. May be designated according to product handled as Buttermaker Helper (dairy products); or stage of treatment as Pasteurizer Helper (dairy products).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-030 EGG WASHER, MACHINE (agriculture; wholesale tr.)

    Feeds eggs into machine that removes earth, straw, and other residue from egg surface prior to shipment: Places eggs in saucer-like holder that carries eggs into machine where rotating brushes or water sprays remove residue. Removes cleaned eggs from discharge trough of machine and packs eggs in cases for shipment.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.686-034 FACTORY HELPER (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: general utility helper

    Feeds candy processing and packaging machines and performs any combination of following tasks in candy manufacturing establishment, working individually or as interchangeable member of crew: Feeds one or more candy processing or packaging machines. Off bears, separates, counts, or culls finished or unfinished confectionery items and ingredients. Transfers molds, trays of candy, and supplies between storage, processing, and packing areas, using dolly or handtruck. Fills bags with bulk items, inserts toys or prizes in containers, and packs, labels, or wraps cartons for shipment. Assembles or forms confectionery items on assembly line or table, performing duties, such as pressing candy onto wafers to make candy waffles, and sprinkling sugar onto gum candy prior to cutting. Empties, cleans, or brushes molds, trays, utensils, containers, and equipment used in cooking, forming, and cooling candy. May be designated according to equipment fed as Raisin-Separator Operator (sugar & conf.); worker assisted as Coating-Machine Helper (sugar & conf.); material or product handled as Scrapper (sugar & conf.); or specific task as Steamer, Gum Candy (sugar & conf.); Vanilla-Chocolate-Coin Counter (sugar & conf.). When filling trays or vats with melted chocolate, fondant, or icing to facilitate work of hand dippers, is designated Table Filler (sugar & conf.). May be designated: Candy-Bar-Core Inspector (sugar & conf.); Candy Catcher (sugar & conf.); Candy Separator, Hard (sugar & conf.); Candy-Spreader Helper (sugar & conf.); Candy-Waffle Assembler (sugar & conf.); Caramel-Cutter Helper (sugar & conf.); Cut-Roll-Machine Offbearer (sugar & conf.); Cutting-Machine-Operator Helper (sugar & conf.); Lozenge-Maker Helper (sugar & conf.); Marshmallow Packer (sugar & conf.); Pan Washer, Hand (sugar & conf.); Sanding-Machine Operator Helper (sugar & conf.); Syrup Crystallizer (sugar & conf.); Spinner Helper (sugar & conf.); Sugar-Coating Hand (sugar & conf.); Toy Sorter (sugar & conf.).
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-038 FEEDER-CATCHER, TOBACCO (tobacco) alternate titles: chute feeder; conveyor feeder; hopper feeder

    Feeds or off bears tobacco leaves, bundles, or strips to or from processing machine: Loads tobacco onto conveyor or into chutes or hoppers with hands, pitchfork, or shovel, or dumps tobacco from tubs or hampers onto conveyor, using hoist or hydraulic lift. Places containers at discharge end of conveyor to catch tobacco. Pushes containers onto scales. Starts and stops conveyors. May spray tobacco leaves with water to moisten tobacco for further processing. May be designated according to task performed as Packing-Machine Feeder (tobacco); Rack Loader (tobacco) II.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-042 FILLER FEEDER (tobacco)

    Feeds filler tobacco into fresh-work cigar machine: Places filler tobacco in slot on conveyor of machine. Feels tobacco in slot to determine whether sufficient filler tobacco for cigar is in slot.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-046 GENERAL HELPER (sugar & conf.)

    Feeds, weighs, mixes, and transports ingredients and performs any combination of following tasks to assist other workers in processing chocolate and cocoa products: Moves ingredients from storage to production area, using handtruck. Weighs and mixes ingredients under supervision of MIXER OPERATOR (sugar & conf.) and SYRUP MAKER (sugar & conf.). Removes and stacks cocoa cakes from cocoa press machine, and transports them to storage area. Positions filled mold pans on belt conveyor moving through cooling tunnel. Feeds chocolate sheets into shaker and hammer mill that break sheets into bits.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-050 LABORER, CHEESEMAKING (dairy products)

    Makes and cures cheese, performing any combination of following tasks: Cuts curd with knife or harp or separates curd with scoop to release whey and firm curd. Pushes curd to back of vat or center of kettle with rake. Inserts strainer in vat or kettle outlet, assembles pipe or hose, and turns valve to drain whey. Pulls dip cloth (cheesecloth) through kettle to remove curd, or banks curd to side of vat with hands or rake to drain residual whey and mat curd. Stretches matted curd in hot water, using paddle, and cuts, weighs, and hand molds resulting elastic curd to make Italian cheeses. Cuts matted curd into measured slabs, piles slabs into banks, and turns them over periodically to obtain specified acidity and moisture. Feeds slabs into mill that cuts curd into cubes. Spreads specified amount of salt over cubes. Scoops, weighs, and dumps curd into assembled cheese hoops (perforated forms) with bucket. Places hoops in automatic press, turns screw of wooden handpress or places and turns filled molds on wheying table to remove whey and shape cheese. Dumps molded cheese into brine tank and turns it periodically or wets and rolls cheese in salt bed to flavor cheese and develop rind. Hangs cheese in rope basket or places, turns, and raises cheese to varying shelf levels in temperature controlled or smoked room to develop flavor, texture, eye formation and body, and to dry cheese surface. Pierces cheese or smears with cultured wash to promote mold growth. Wipes surface with grease or oil to soften rind and stop mold growth. Stamps cheese with date, vat, and company number. Wraps cheese in foil and places in wood or paper box. May be designated according to working area as Brine-Room Laborer (dairy products); Cellar Laborer (dairy products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-054 LABORER, PIE BAKERY (bakery products)

    Feeds automatic fruit peeling, coring, and slicing machine and performs any combination of duties involved in preprocessing fruit to be used in making pies and other bakery products: Feeds automatic machine that peels, cores, and slices fruit. Fills containers with sliced fruit from discharge conveyor or bin. Examines fruit and discards spoiled or damaged pieces. Manually loads and unloads trucks and transports material to and from storage areas, using handtruck. Cleans machines and work areas, using broom, mop, brush, scraper, and rags.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-062 LONG-GOODS HELPER, MACHINE (food prep., nec) alternate titles: spaghetti press helper

    Feeds and off bears macaroni containers on and off macaroni press, drier conveyors, and stick-handling equipment: Lays empty sticks (macaroni holders) on stick filler-feeder machine. Aligns out-of-line sticks moving along drier conveyor. Lifts sticks filled with moist macaroni into drier racks. Pushes racks into drying chambers. Fills, carries, and sets boxes of macaroni trimmings on drier shelves. Cleans and lubricates press and conveyor parts. May assist PRESS TENDER (food prep., nec) to install and remove macaroni press parts such as screw feeders, tubes and dies.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-066 PRESS MACHINE FEEDER (tobacco)

    Feeds cigars into pressing machine that heats and presses cigars into square shape preparatory to banding and cellophaning. Removes cigars from handtruck and places cigars onto feed device of pressing machine.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-070 PRODUCTION HELPER (can. & preserv.; food prep., nec) alternate titles: general production worker

    Feeds machine hoppers with ingredients, transports and packs finished products, and performs any combination of following tasks in food processing and packaging establishment: Dumps prepared ingredients into hoppers of grinding and mixing machines. Transfers finished products and raw materials about plant and warehouse, using handtruck. Stacks processed food in warehouse and coolers. Packs food products in paper bags and boxes. Loads packaging machines with bags, cans, and jars. Verifies weights of filled containers emerging from packaging machines. Removes foreign material from food on conveyor belts. Sprinkles grated cheese and other flavoring on foods.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-074 RACK LOADER I (tobacco) alternate titles: stick feeder

    Removes sticks on which tobacco hands have been hung from conveyor of hanging machine and loads them on racks or onto conveyor leading to tobacco-drying machine. Pushes filled rack from work area and replaces with empty rack.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-078 RAW-CHEESE WORKER (dairy products)

    Cuts out or scrapes mold, wax, and sediment to prepare natural cheese for packaging or making into process cheese by performing any combination of following tasks in cheese processing department of dairy: Removes covers and wrappers from cheese, using knife, and dumps blocks of specified cheese from containers onto conveyor. Positions cheese block in conveyor cradle to expose desired surface and digs into plug holes or openings with knife. Removes mold, wax, and sediment from cheese surface, using hand scraper or buffing wheel. Cuts cheese blocks into equal portions, using power wire cutter, power knife cutter, or wire. Places pieces of cheeses on truck, and weighs batch to obtain specified amounts for each cook. Dumps cut pieces of cheese into machine that grinds and transports it to next work station.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-082 STEAK TENDERIZER, MACHINE (meat products)

    Feeds steaks into machine to tenderize meat. Places tenderized meat on paper separators and stacks them in piles for packaging.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.686-086 UTILITY WORKER (sugar & conf.)

    Feeds machines that apply sugar coating and score (partially cut) sheets of chewing gum, preparatory to separating them into sticks, performing any combination of following tasks: Fills hopper of machine that automatically coats gum with powdered sugar to add flavor and prevent gum from sticking to rollers of scoring machine. Sprinkles sugar by hand on sheets of gum that are inadequately coated. Inspects sheets of gum for surface or scoring imperfections and removes defective sheets for reprocessing. Stacks empty trays on conveyor assembly that automatically fills trays with sheets of scored gum and stacks filled trays.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-010 BASKET FILLER (can. & preserv.)

    Removes sealed cans or jars of food products from conveyor and dumps or stacks them in metal basket. May load basket in layers, using hydraulic mechanism to lower each layer to table level. May move baskets within plant or through cooling tank, using trucks or hoist.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-014 BIN CLEANER (beverage; grain-feed mills)

    Scrapes, scours, and fumigates interior of grain bins: Climbs into grain bin or lowers self into bin on scaffolding or bucket seat, using block and tackle. Cleans interior of bin, using hand scrapers and brushes. Sprays interior of bin with insecticides and rodent deterrents or poisons, using spray gun. Closes bins for specified length of time. Airs bin and marks it for use. Places rodent traps and powders in designated areas in elevator. Maintains inventory of insecticides and rodent control supplies.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-018 BOX-TRUCK WASHER (meat products)

    Cleans box-trucks (four-wheeled handtruck) used to move or store meat, grease, oleo, or inedible fat, using scrapers, wire brushes, handbrushes, steam, water, and detergent. May clean offal trays with water spray and rags and lubricate handtrucks with paraffin oil, using spray gun.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-022 BULK FILLER (can. & preserv.)

    Fills wooden tubs, barrels, or containers with processed food products and covers with preservatives to preserve contents: Dumps food into barrel, tub, or container, and adds prescribed amounts of preservatives, such as salt, sugar, brine, syrup, or vinegar. Covers container with lid, waxed paper, or plastic. May weigh contents of container. May apply labels to outer surface of container. May be designated according to container filled as Barrel Filler (can. & preserv.); or product treated as Cabbage Salter (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-026 CASING GRADER (meat products) alternate titles: casing inspector; casing sorter; casing tester

    Inspects and grades animal casings used as sausage skins: Removes casings from soaking tank. Cleans and inflates casing, using air or water hose. Places inflated casing between grading pegs to determine size. Squeezes casing to detect changes in circumference, damaged sections, or slime. Cuts out damaged sections, warts, and other blemishes, using knife. Places casings in rack or container according to size or condition of casing. May measure and cut casings to length. May pack and salt casings for shipment or reclaim cured casings for use.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-030 CASING SEWER (meat products) alternate titles: bung sewer

    Sews sections of animal intestine to form casings for lunch meat and specialty meat products: Positions edges of dried intestines together, places strips of paper (liners) over intestines, and slides them under presser foot of sewing machine. Starts machine, and stitches edges of liner and end of intestines to form casings. Maintains count of casings sewed for company records. May inspect and grade casings [CASING GRADER (meat products)].
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-034 CASING TIER (meat products) alternate titles: stuffed-casing tier

    Closes ends of empty and filled meat casings with metal clips and string preparatory to hanging them for smoking or cooking: Attaches metal clip to one end of empty casing, using clipping tool. Twists open end of filled casing and ties it with string leaving loop for hanging. Cuts off excess string and casing, using scissors or knife. May be designated according to type of meat cased as Bulk-Sausage-Casing Tier-Off (meat products); Canadian-Bacon Tier (meat products); Hog Stomach Preparer (meat products). May tie lacing cord at regular intervals around bologna sausage to brace and support casing and be designated Bologna Lacer (meat products); or lace rolled ham and be designated Rolled-Ham Lacer (meat products).
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-038 CHAR-DUST CLEANER AND SALVAGER (sugar & conf.)

    Cleans floors and equipment, and performs following duties in char-house: Cleans and collects char dust from floors, pump basins, pipelines, and tank tops. Observes operating machinery, such as char-draw mechanisms, spreaders, and char-collectors, for blockades or malfunctioning, and reports irregularities to superiors. Fills sacks with salvaged char dust and sews, weighs, and stores sacks. Obtains samples of char and takes them to laboratory for analysis. Delivers requisitions, runs errands, and supplies filter blankets and wedges to other workers.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-042 CIGAR INSPECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: cigar-packing examiner; final cigar and box examiner

    Inspects cigars for imperfections and verifies quality of packing and labeling: Examines cigars for size, shape, and imperfections in wrappers. Replaces defective cigars in boxes. Examines banded and cellophane-wrapped cigars to determine whether bands are positioned and cellophane is applied according to standards. Observes boxes of cigars to determine whether label is in specified position. May open lid of box to inspect cigars and close and nail lid onto box after inspection, using handtool.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-046 COFFEE WEIGHER (food prep., nec)

    Weighs sacks of specified varieties of coffee and dumps coffee into chute leading to coffee-cleaning or blending machines. May record sack weights.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-050 COOK HELPER (can. & preserv.)

    Assists COOK, KETTLE (beverage; can. & preserv.; grain-feed mills) to cook food products, such as juices, meats, fruits, or preserves, preparatory to canning or preserving, performing any combination of following duties: Weighs or measures ingredients, such as sugar, salt, meat, lard, berries, or fruit, according to formula, using platform scale, weighing hopper, and measuring containers. Transfers materials to cooking area by hand or handtruck. Turns valves to admit steam to kettle-heating jacket, and dumps ingredients into kettle to precook or melt them. Cleans cooking kettles and containers, using water and pressurized steam. May stir contents of cooking kettle with paddle and skim off foam or foreign materials, using ladle or spoon. May stack and tally containers. May be designated according to food product being processed as Cook Helper, Fruit (can. & preserv.); Cook Helper, Juice (can. & preserv.); Cook Helper, Meat (can. & preserv.); Cook Helper, Preserves (can. & preserv.). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-054 COOKER CLEANER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: coil cleaner

    Cleans coils and inside surfaces of steam kettles used for cooking foods: Climbs inside of kettle and scrubs coils and interior surface of kettle, using cleanser, steel wool, and soap. Opens drain valve at bottom of kettle and sprays water over interior of kettle to flush soap, steel wool, cleanser, and food particles through drain.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-058 DEFLECTOR OPERATOR (beverage) alternate titles: lights inspector; wine-bottle inspector

    Inspects bottled beer or wine for foreign matter and defective bottles: Examines contents of bottles for foreign matter, such as dirt and barrel or tank sediment, and bottles for defects, such as cracks, damaged caps or corks, and nicks. Observes bottles on conveyor belt passing in front of light and reflecting mirror or lighted frosted glass box or holds bottles up to unshielded light bulb, to examine bottle and content. Stores rejected or defective bottles in containers for disposal.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-062 DIE CLEANER (food prep., nec)

    Cleans dies used to extrude dough to form macaroni: Unbolts and removes dies from presses, using wrench and screwdriver, and places dies in tub of water to soften dough residue. Adjusts die-washing-machine platform to accommodate shape of die, positions die on platform, and turns faucet to force jets of water through dies. Scrapes dough residue from die holes, using handtool. Replaces dies on press or places dies on storage shelves. May inspect dies on presses for cleanliness or damage. May verify alignment of die pins, using preset gauge. May record location and condition of dies.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-066 DISTILLERY WORKER, GENERAL (beverage)

    Cleans, transports and applies identifying data on steel drums in liquor distilling plant, performing any combination of following duties: Cleans interior of metal drums, using steam-cleaning apparatus, or interiors of barrels by rinsing them with water and alcohol. Stencils identifying information on barrelheads, using paint brush or spray gun to paint over cut-out stencils, or cuts identifying information on barrelheads, using metal dies and mallet. Paints or scrapes heads of used barrels to remove identifying information. Removes bungs from drums, using wrench or chisel and hammer. Rolls barrels into position for filling. Empties barrels or drums filled with liquor into dumping trough. Stamps serial numbers on barrelheads, using hand-stamping machine. Empties cartons of empty whiskey bottles on conveyor belt for filling. Stacks cartons filled with whiskey bottles. Repairs damaged cartons, using adhesive tape to cover tears and rips in cartons. Removes metal sealing rings from improperly labeled whiskey bottles preparatory to removal of labels. May be known according to specific work performed as Barrel Cutter (beverage); Barrel Roller (beverage); Barrel Scraper (beverage); Bung Remover (beverage); Carton Repairer (beverage); Drum Cleaner (beverage); Drum Sealer (beverage); Dumper (beverage).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-070 DISTRIBUTOR-CLEANER (tobacco) alternate titles: floor hand

    Cleans production department in tobacco processing plant and distributes tobacco to workers: Sweeps floors [CLEANER, INDUSTRIAL (any industry)]. Sorts stems from waste and puts stems in bin. Conveys tobacco to workers, using handtruck [MATERIAL HANDLER (any industry)]. Stacks tie-bands into tray and distributes tie-bands to workers.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-074 EGG CANDLER (any industry)

    Inspects eggs to ascertain quality and fitness for consumption or incubation, according to prescribed standards: Observes eggs moving on conveyor over light, or holds eggs before shielded light or rolls them over lighted glass plate to render egg translucent. Observes shell color and texture, and internal characteristics, such as streaks, shadings, discolorations, size and position of yolk, and size of air cell. Places spoiled and substandard eggs in cases. Packs salable eggs in cartons or releases them on conveyor belt for packing by other workers. May break substandard eggs in container for further processing. May grade eggs according to size, shape, color, and weight and be designated Egg Grader (any industry).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-078 FILLER-SHREDDER HELPER (tobacco) alternate titles: filler-shredding-machine loader; filler-sifter helper

    Assists FILLER SHREDDER, MACHINE (tobacco) to cut tobacco leaves into shreds and clean shredded tobacco for use as cigar filler. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-082 FISH-BIN TENDER (can. & preserv.)

    Opens chute gates to release fish into various bins, according to species, and onto conveyor for transfer to cleaning machine. Expedites flow of fish, using wooden rake, hoe, or water hose. Shovels chipped ice into bins to preserve fish. Sorts fish according to species and size, and discards spoiled or damaged fish.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-086 FISH-EGG PACKER (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: bait packer

    Cleans and packs fish eggs for commercial purposes: Rubs clusters of eggs over screen to separate eggs according to size. Dumps eggs into vat of cleaning solution to remove blood and into barrel of brine to cure eggs. Shovels processed eggs into containers for shipment, or fills jars with eggs, using scoop. Works as member of crew. May prepare curing and cleaning solutions, according to formula.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-090 FRESH-WORK INSPECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: racker; selector; table inspector

    Inspects cigars from fresh-work cigar machine to determine conformance to standards: Weighs random bundles of cigars to determine whether cigars are of prescribed weight and notifies SUPERVISOR, CIGAR-MAKING MACHINE (tobacco) when weight is not standard. Inspects cigars for broken tobacco wrappers, soft spots, defective patches, and variations from standard length and discards defective cigars. May place full boxes of perfect cigars in case.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-094 GENERAL HELPER (oils & grease)

    Performs any combination of duties, such as carrying supplies to work area, forming cartons for packing, feeding cans onto conveyor, removing scrap, cleaning work area, and reclaiming oil stock from damaged containers. Dumps containers into steam tub, covers tub with canvas, and opens valve to introduce heat to melt and reclaim contents. Cleans work area using brooms, mops, and detergents.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-098 GRADER (can. & preserv.)

    Examines, classifies, and separates seafood according to size, quality, color, condition, or species at receiving station or on conveyor line. May record grade on ticket and attach ticket to filled container. May be designated according to product graded as Clam Grader (can. & preserv.); Fish Grader (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

529.687-102 GRADER, DRESSED POULTRY (meat products)

    Examines and grades dressed poultry: Removes dressed poultry from conveyor, and examines color of skin, feels poultry for presence of bruises, deformities, and pin feathers, and grades accordingly for quality and size. Sorts poultry into specified containers according to grade. May weigh filled containers and record weight of each grade of poultry.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-106 GRADER, GREEN MEAT (meat products) alternate titles: fresh-meat grader; pickling grader

    Inspects and sorts pork cuts, such as hams, shoulders, bellies, and fatbacks, preparatory to curing: Examines and feels meat for defects, such as bruises, thickness of skin, shape, and broken leg bones. Segregates pork cuts not meeting standards. Weighs and segregates cuts according to weight and size. May push thermometer into meat to ascertain if it is too cold for processing. May stamp government inspection seal on approved lean shoulders, using rubber stamp.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-110 GRAIN PICKER (grain-feed mills)

    Separates and weighs samples of grain preparatory to grading: Pours grain sample into hopper of sample divider and pulls lever to allow grain to fall through divider into two receptacles. Removes and weighs specific amount of grain from each receptacle to obtain representative but reduced sample. Pours sample into cleaning mill (dockage tester) or through sieve of standard mesh to remove foreign matter. Smells and examines sample to determine if grain is sour or musty, or to detect damage from excessive heat or moisture. Pours grain sample into standard quart kettle, weighs sample, and reads conversion chart to obtain weight per bushel. Separates damaged, weathered, soil-stained, and undeveloped grain from grain with no defects and places grain in separate containers. May remove grain sample from incoming shipments.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-114 INSPECTOR (sugar & conf.)

    Inspects candy or chewing gum in containers or on conveyor to ensure that it is formed, coated, cupped, wrapped, or packed according to plant standards: Weighs containers [WEIGHER, PRODUCTION (any industry) 929.687-062]. Rewraps, recups, rearranges, or replaces pieces not meeting standards. May stamp date of inspection on boxes or return them to packing department with reason for rejection. May pack boxes in shipping cartons.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-118 INSPECTOR, CANNED FOOD RECONDITIONING (can. & preserv.) alternate titles: smeller

    Smells opened cans of food products as they pass on conveyor to detect spoilage as indicated by odor. Sets aside rejected cans of food for disposal.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.687-122 KISS SETTER, HAND (sugar & conf.) alternate titles: sea-foam-kiss maker

    Picks up quantity of candy with fork and rolls and shapes it against spatula to shape candy kisses. Places formed kisses on wax paper or tray to harden.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

529.687-126 KOSHER INSPECTOR (dairy products)

    Observes milking of cows to ensure compliance with Jewish dietary laws governing collection and storage of milk prior to processing and sale.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-130 LABORER (meat products)

    Performs any combination of following tasks in slaughtering and meat packing establishment: Holds meat while it is being cut. Straightens and washes carcasses or parts on conveyor lines. Distributes meat to various work areas for further processing, using cart. Scrapes excess meat from surfaces of filled casings, such as sausages and bologna, and hangs them on conveyor racks. Pushes conveyor racks, hanging attachments, and meat carts, to various departments. Unloads smoked meats from conveyor racks and weighs, stamps, and tags them. Removes empty trolleys from overhead rail and places them in chute or onto other rails. Trucks empty ham molds to washing machines for cleaning process. Loads meat onto conveyor racks, carts, worktables, or trucks, using hook. Transports offal (carcass waste) from killing floor to rendering room and dumps offal into tankage cookers. Weighs and sacks rendered inedible offal. Fills ice trucks, using shovel. Stacks cartons of meat products on pallets or trucks and moves load to shipping or storage areas, using hand or power operated truck. Pushes meat through spray cabinet to wash meat. Washes equipment and utensils, using water hose and spray cabinet. Sweeps and washes railroad refrigeration cars. May cut specific parts such as hooves or tendons, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-134 LEAF SORTER (tobacco) alternate titles: selector; wrapper-leaf inspector

    Sorts tobacco leaves according to color and condition for use as cigar wrappers or binders: Selects leaves without obvious defects from bundle and lays them on booker bench (curved-top stand over which leaves are draped). Examines leaves for color variations, tears, tar spots, tight grain, and size under specifications. Places leaves not suitable for wrapper in separate pile. Folds wrapper leaves into bundles for stripping.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-138 LEAF TIER (tobacco)

    Ties tobacco leaves in hands (bundles) to facilitate processing: Selects loose leaves for hand and arranges leaves with butt ends together. Winds tie leaf around butts and pulls end of tie leaf into hand.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: S GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

529.687-142 LEAF-SIZE PICKER (tobacco) alternate titles: hands-size sorter

    Sorts hands of tobacco according to size. Places hands of same size leaves on conveyor leading to ordering machine.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-146 LIGHTOUT EXAMINER (beverage)

    Examines interior and exterior of washed tanks, metal barrels, or kegs for cleanliness and to detect corrosion. Crawls into tank or inserts light through bunghole to examine interior of container. Removes corroded and dirty barrels or kegs from conveyor.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-150 LINKER (meat products) alternate titles: roper; sausage linker

    Twists and ties casings filled with sausage to form links of specified length: Ties one end of stuffed sausage casing with twine to prevent contents from spilling out. Presses casing between thumb and index finger at length specified. Twists casing at pressed section to form link. Twirls remaining length of stuffed casing to make additional links. Ties ends of stuffed casings to make longer string of links. Drapes sausages over rack for subsequent processing. Cuts casings to remove defective parts or to separate links, using cutting tool. May retie ends. May hold stomachs or casings during filling by SAUSAGE MAKER (meat products) and tie ends.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-154 MAT SEWER (oils & grease)

    Repairs mats used in pressing oil from linseed: Cuts worn or damaged sections from mats, using knife. Stitches usable mat strips together and reinforces borders to make new mats, using sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-158 MELT-HOUSE DRAG OPERATOR (sugar & conf.)

    Regulates flow of raw sugar from raw-sugar box to drags (conveyors) and elevators: Starts drags. Lifts slide on raw-sugar box to allow sugar to fall on drags. Breaks up sugar lumps in box, using scraper. Shifts slides to rotate drawing of sugar from box and to prevent caking and buildups. Draws samples of raw sugar for laboratory analysis. Opens or closes slides to increase or decrease flow of sugar. Removes sugar strings from drag, scrolls, and grates and throws strings in waste container.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-162 MOISTURE-METER OPERATOR (tobacco) alternate titles: tag-meter operator

    Tests moisture content of tobacco in various stages of processing by either of following methods: (1) Places tobacco sample in electrical moisture meter and turns on current. Observes meter indicator and compares reading with conversion chart to determine moisture content. Records date, time, temperature, moisture content, and meter reading for each sample tested. (2) Weighs sample of tobacco and places sample in oven. Removes and weighs sample after specified time. Compares difference in weights with conversion chart to determine moisture content.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-166 ODD BUNDLE WORKER (tobacco)

    Aligns tips of leaves, fed onto conveyor by other workers, against guide rail of conveyor to ensure tips will be cut to uniform length by power knife.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-170 PRESS PULLER (grain-feed mills)

    Removes filter cloths from filter presses to unload separated solids used for making stock feed: Opens press and inserts prying tool between plates to free filter cloths or turns wheel to release ram holding filter frames together. Pulls cloths loaded with solids from press and shakes material onto conveyor or scrapes residue into pans with spatula. Replaces clean cloths between plates and closes press. Shovels solids from pans into containers for further processing. Turns valve to move hydraulic ram against plates and hold cloths in position. May cut new filter cloths or papers. Usually works as member of team.
GOE: 06.04.15 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-174 SALVAGE INSPECTOR (can. & preserv.)

    Inspects and sorts returned canned and bottled food products for possible salvage of contents: Opens containers by hand or with opening devices and inspects containers and contents for defects such as leaking or mislabeled containers, or defective wrapping. Sets aside salvaged cans and bottles. Pours usable contents of defective cans or bottles into bulk containers. Discards rejected contents and containers into waste containers. Routes inspected materials to appropriate filling, packaging, and waste disposal points. May repackage salvaged cans and bottles. May wash glass containers.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-178 SAMPLER (beverage) alternate titles: sampler, pickup

    Collects samples of grain, mash, or wort, and alcoholic beverages in various stages of processing for laboratory analysis: Dips, scoops, or siphons samples into laboratory containers and labels containers to identify sample. Records information such as sampling station and time, or brewer name and location on forms or journals. Loads sample containers on handtruck and pushes handtruck to laboratory area.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-182 SHREDDED-FILLER HOPPER-FEEDER (tobacco)

    Shovels filler tobacco into hoppers of cigar-making machines and bunch-making machines. Transfers boxes or cases of shredded filler tobacco to machines, manually or using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-186 SORTER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.) alternate titles: sorter, food products

    Sorts agricultural produce, such as bulbs, fruits, nuts, and vegetables: Segregates produce on conveyor belt or table, working as crewmember, according to grade, color, and size, and places produce in containers or on designated conveyors. Discards cull (inferior or defective) items and foreign matter. Bunches, ties, and trims produce, such as asparagus, carrots, celery, and radishes. Picks out choice produce to be used as cappers (top layers on marketing containers). Packs produce in boxes, barrels, baskets, or crates for storage or shipment [PACKER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture) 920.687-134]. May be designated according to work performed as Apple Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Asparagus Grader And Buncher (agriculture); Capper Picker (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Citrus-Fruit-Packing Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Cull Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Potato Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.). May be designated: Asparagus Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Banana Grader (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Bulb Sorter (agriculture); Cherry Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Cranberry Sorter (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Fig Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Flower Grader (agriculture); Fruit Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Hop Sorter (agriculture); Nut Sorter (agriculture); Peach Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Potato Sorter (agriculture; wholesale tr.); Seed Sorter (agriculture); Tomato Grader (wholesale tr.); Vegetable Sorter (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); Mushroom Sorter-Grader (can. & preserv.); Trimmer-Sorter (can. & preserv.); Sorter-Grader (can. & preserv.); Raspberry Checker (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 03.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

529.687-190 STONE CLEANER (beverage) alternate titles: carbonating-stone cleaner

    Cleans or replaces stones in carbonating-stone assembly used to introduce carbon dioxide into tanks of beer: Carries stone to work area. Climbs into aging tank and disassembles frame and stone assembly, using handtools. Examines stone to detect faults or breaks. Scrubs stone, using brush and cleaners. Reassembles stone in frame. Discards faulty stones.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-194 SUCTION-PLATE-CARRIER CLEANER (tobacco) alternate titles: carrier blower; carrier washer

    Cleans perforated suction plates of cigar-making machines: Turns thumbscrews to remove plates. Scrubs plates, using scrub brush and water. Immerses plates in boiling water to loosen dirt in airholes and blows out dirt, using airhose.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-198 SUMATRA OPENER (tobacco)

    Removes hands of Sumatra tobacco from case or bale, shakes tobacco, removes broken leaves, and piles hands in stacks according to moisture content.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-202 TEMPERATURE INSPECTOR (meat products)

    Inspects temperature readings of meat coolers for conformance to standards: Tours coolers periodically and compares temperature readings of each cooler with charts. Adjusts expansion valves in coolers to maintain specified temperature in each cooler.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-206 TROLLEY CLEANER (meat products)

    Cleans trolleys used to move animal carcasses along overhead rail, in vats or tanks filled with solution: Turns water and steam valves to fill and heat cleaning vats or tanks. Dumps caustic soda and detergents into tank and stirs mixture with paddle. Pushes rack of trolleys to tank and lowers each trolley into solution, or immerses rack into solution, using hoist. Removes trolleys from solution and rinses them in hot water spray. Lubricates trolley wheels.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-210 WASHER (grain-feed mills) alternate titles: flusher

    Washes and removes starch deposits from starch tables by flushing table with stream of water: Directs water hose over starch table to wash film of gluten from starch deposits. Plugs line to gluten tank at end of table and raises tailboard to allow starch deposit to flow to flushing tank. Turns valve to admit strong stream of water into starch table that loosens and flushes starch deposits into flushing tank.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-214 WASHROOM CLEANER (sugar & conf.)

    Cleans beet washroom in sugar beet refinery: Removes beet tails, mud, stones, and trash from washer pit, using shovel. Removes debris from area of washroom, using wheelbarrow, pitchfork, and shovel. Washes floors, using hose.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-218 WRAPPER SELECTOR (tobacco) alternate titles: wrapper sizer; wrapper sorter

    Selects perfect wrappers from books (halved leaves, bundled after stripping) and sorts wrappers according to size and color: Unties book and separates half leaves. Inspects wrapper leaves for holes or tears and discards imperfect leaves. Piles wrappers in stacks according to size and color. Wipes water-moistened sponge over top leaves of stack to prevent drying. Packs wrappers of like size and color into bundles and places bundles into containers.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

529.687-222 WRAPPING MACHINE HELPER (tobacco)

    Mounts tobacco leaf and replenishes glue supply in plug-overwrap machine and assists PLUG-OVERWRAP-MACHINE TENDER (tobacco) to tend machine that wraps lumps of chewing tobacco in $T3homogenized leaf:$T1 Mounts roll of homogenized tobacco leaf on overwrap machine and guides end of roll between machine rollers and under cutter. Pours glue into machine glue container to replenish supply reservoir. Pushes wire through hole of glue container to assure free flow of glue. Observes wrapping operation and removes defectively wrapped lumps from machine discharge conveyor. Wets down belts of machine, using rag, to prevent lumps from sticking to belt. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.28 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

529.687-226 INSPECTOR, PROCESSING (sugar & conf.)

    Examines, weighs, and measures sheets and strips of unwrapped, finished chewing gum to ensure conformity to specifications and standards: Examines trays of rolled and scored gum to verify that finished gum is free of caked sugar, indentations, and foreign matter. Inspects gum surface for uniformity of sugar coating and for prescribed scoring and trimming. Weighs and measures thickness and length of gum strips, using scale, micrometer, and length gauge. Notifies supervisory personnel of deviations from prescribed standards.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

529.687-230 LABORER, SHELLFISH PROCESSING (can. & preserv.)

    Performs any combination of following tasks concerned with fresh packing, canning, freezing, or smoking shellfish: Transports shellfish, shellfish meats, cans, or cases to work area manually, or using wheeled hopper, handtruck, or power hoist. Loads conveyors, hoppers, or handtrucks with product, cans, or cases. Spreads shellfish on conveyor, drenches them with water, and removes foreign matter. Weighs shellfish or shellfish meat, using scales. Records weight of product on standard form. Sorts shellfish according to size, and trims off unusable portions, using knife or scissors. Packs shellfish meat in jars, cans, or boxes, and packs containers in crushed ice to fresh pack. Cleans conveyors, machines, and work areas, using high pressure hose spray. May feed cans and lids into lidding machine [PACKAGER, MACHINE (any industry) 920.685-078]. May be designated according to work performed as Shellfish Checker (can & preserv.); Shellfish Packer (can. & preserv.); Shellfish Sorter (can. & preserv.); Shellfish Weigher (can. & preserv.).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

53 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF PAPER AND RELATED MATERIALS

    This division includes occupations concerned with the manufacture of paper and products made from paper. Includes converting wood, other cellulosic materials, and rags into pulp.

530 GRINDING, BEATING, AND MIXING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with reducing logs, straw, rags, and similar cellulosic materials to chips, dust, powder, paste, pulp, or other smaller particles by means of compression, grinding, or agitation; and combining and mingling materials to produce a single mass or compound.

530.132-010 COATING-MIXER SUPERVISOR (paper & pulp)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blending and mixing materials used to make coating for paper and related products: Reads production order to determine type and quantity of coating needed. Plans mixing sequence and orders raw materials from stockroom. Assigns job duties to workers and supervises weighing and mixing of materials. Tests each batch of coating for specific gravity, consistency, and color. Directs routing of coating mix to paper machines or storage tanks. Keeps daily production records. Instructs new workers in use of machinery and safety procedures. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

530.132-014 SUPERVISOR, BEATER ROOM (paper & pulp) alternate titles: beater, head

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in beating and refining pulp to prepare furnish for processing into paper: Calculates volume or weight of ingredients, such as pulp, fillers, size, alum, and dyes, using formulas and laboratory analyses of ingredient concentrations. Orders charging of beater vats with ingredients, beater roll adjustment, and time of beating. Examines pulp samples and reviews laboratory reports to determine when beating process is completed. Compares sample of paper produced with specifications or standard sample and orders changes in beating procedure to produce paper to specified standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

530.132-018 SUPERVISOR, WOOD ROOM (paper & pulp) alternate titles: wood-mill supervisor; wood-preparation supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in debarking, sawing, cleaning, and chipping logs to make wood chips for use as pulp: Schedules production of chips according to quantity and species of wood required by digesters. Plans routing of wood through mill according to species of wood. Inspects chips and adjusts cutter knives to ensure chips are cut to specified standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

530.132-022 WOOD GRINDER, HEAD (paper & pulp) alternate titles: ground-wood supervisor; supervisor, groundwood mill

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding logs and wood blocks into pulp: Directs workers in feeding and adjusting machines to obtain pulp of specified consistency. Observes grinders, examines pulp for length and thickness of fiber, and reads laboratory reports on pulp consistency to determine need for sharpening grindstone or machine adjustment. Installs sharpening burr in stone-dressing lathe, using wrench. Moves controls to feed burr against revolving stone to dress and sharpen stone. Replaces worn stone, using hoist and handtools. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

530.261-010 COLOR DEVELOPER (paper & pulp)

    Develops formulas for paper-coloring dye and prepares directions for mixing dye with pulp to produce colored paper to specifications or customer's sample: Determines composition of color sample, using spectrophotometer. Mixes pulp with water, size, filler, and other ingredients to make sample furnish of type and quality of paper specified. Weighs and mixes pigments to prepare dye, and mixes dye with furnish. Pours furnish on screen to make handsheet sample. Compares color of handsheet with color sample, visually or with spectrophotometer. Calculates weights and proportions of pigments and other materials required to make production batch of dye and prepares formulas and mixing directions for COATING-MIXER TENDER (paper & pulp). Prepares directions for BEATER ENGINEER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) for mixing dye with furnish. Prepares spectrophotometer charts on dye materials. Observes procedures of production staff in mixing dye with furnish and reviews laboratory reports to investigate causes of substandard colored paper. Consults with and advises production staff regarding technical problems in mixing colors and making colored paper to improve formulas and improve production methods.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

530.382-010 PULP-REFINER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Operates battery of machines to refine pulp and shorten fibers as pulp flows continuously through machines to prepare pulp for papermaking: Turns handwheels to adjust distance between bedplate and rotor knives to obtain specified fineness of fibers. Starts machines and pumps to regulate flow of pulp from beater chests through refining machines to paper machine chest. Examines pulp, reviews laboratory test reports, and adjusts machines to ensure that pulp meets specifications. May change bedplates and rotor knives, using handtools. May clean interior of storage chests, using water hose.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

530.384-010 MIXER HELPER (concrete prod.) alternate titles: puddler

    Performs following duties to facilitate making wallboard (plasterboard): Puddles plaster slurry discharged from mixing machine, using puddling stick, and spreads it evenly for feeding into machine that combines slurry and paper into wallboard. Observes flow and squeezes flexible discharge nozzle (boot) of mixing machine to prevent formation of lumps in slurry. Scrapes hardened slurry from edge guides and smoothing bars. Scoops sample of slurry in cylinder, weighs it, and sets sample aside for specified period to determine consistency (slump). Places sample under testing needle that drops from specified height and indicates on dial depth of penetration to determine hardness (set) of core. Records test results and reports defects to supervisor. Clears jams on wallboard machine and cleans work area. Participates in splicing paper and in repairing wallboard and mixing machines.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.582-010 PULPER, SYNTHETIC SOIL BLOCKS (paper & pulp)

    Operates hydropulper and batch reactor to blend woodpulp, plastic binders, and liquid fertilizers into slurry for use in molding synthetic soil blocks: Fills hydropulper tank with water, adds woodpulp and measured amounts of chemicals, and starts agitator. Observes and records temperature, pressure, and time interval of agitation cycle. Pumps cooled pulp slurry to reactor tank and flushes hydropulper tank with water. Starts reactor, adjusts temperature and pressure controls, and adds measured amounts of liquid fertilizers and plastic binders. Tests acidity of solution by titration and adds ingredients as needed to attain prescribed level. Pumps mixed slurry to storage tank for further processing. Flushes reactor tank with water.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

530.662-010 BEATER ENGINEER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: beater operator

    Controls beater engines and related equipment to process furnish for making paper, roofing felt, and related products: Starts pumps and adjusts valves to regulate flow of specified amount of slush pulp into vat. Starts engines and adjusts beater rolls to obtain specified degree of pulp fineness and hydration. Examines furnish for specified consistency and size of fibers. Dips sample from vat for laboratory testing. Starts pumps to transfer furnish to storage chests. May operate machine to refine pulp. May make $T3freeness$T1 and acidity tests. May calculate volume and weight of furnish ingredients from technical control formulas. May mix and cook dyes for furnish. May control operation of battery of beaters and be designated Beater, Lead (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

530.662-014 WOOD GRINDER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Operates machines to grind logs or wood blocks into fibers used in making paper pulp, using one of following methods: (1) Opens slide gate, tosses wood into grinder pocket, and moves lever to actuate hydraulic piston that presses wood against revolving grindstones. (2) Adjusts panel controls to regulate conveyor system that feeds wood to hopper of grinder machines. Straightens wood in machine pocket or hopper to prevent jams, using $T3picaroon.$T1 Turns valves to regulate spray of water to cool grindstones and to control consistency of pulp. Turns handwheel to raise or lower dam to control flow of pulp from discharge end of machine. Observes temperature gauge and color of pulp for evidence of burns caused by dull or broken grindstones and notifies WOOD GRINDER, HEAD (paper & pulp) 530.132-022 of defects. May be designated according to type of machine operated as Pocket-Grinder Operator (paper & pulp); Ring-Grinder Operator (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

530.665-010 BEATER-ENGINEER HELPER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: beater-operator helper

    Tends beaters and vats that prepare furnish for making paper, roofing felt, and related products: Turns valves to charge vats with specified amounts of slush pulp, fillers, size, and liquid chemicals. Weighs and dumps dry ingredients into vat according to formula. Dips furnish sample from vat for laboratory testing. Removes plug of vat to dump furnish into beater chest or starts pump to transfer furnish from vat to storage. Observes vat and beater operation and notifies BEATER ENGINEER (tex. prod., nec; paper & pulp) 530.662-010 of malfunction. Cleans vat with water and hose and scrapes out adhering matter. May truck materials from storage. May weigh, mix, and cook dyes. May chip rust, scale, and other deposits from machine rolls, using airhammer. May truck sheet pulp and other materials from stockroom.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

530.665-014 RAG-CUTTING-MACHINE TENDER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec)

    Tends rag-cutting machine that cuts rags to specified size preparatory to processing into paper, roofing felt, or related products: Presses buttons to actuate conveyor, cutters, and blowers. Observes movement of rags along conveyor to detect clogging or malfunctioning machine. Stops machine at sound of warning buzzer and removes clogged rags, using iron pry. Reports mechanical defects to supervisor. Lubricates, adjusts, and replaces worn blades of machine. May record amount of rags cut on daily production record.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.666-010 RAG-CUTTING-MACHINE FEEDER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: cutter operator

    Feeds machine that cuts rags to size for cooking, bleaching, and defibering prior to making paper, roofing felt, or related products: Places rags on apron of machine and pushes them into feeder roll or loads rags onto conveyor leading to machine. Examines cut rags for size and notifies supervisor if machine knives need adjusting or sharpening. May loosen setscrews with wrench and remove knives. May clean dirt and dust from dust compartment and work area.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.682-010 PULP GRINDER AND BLENDER (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec)

    Operates machines to grind cooked wood chips into pulp and blend pulp with other specified ingredients in manufacture of wallboard: Turns handwheel to adjust grinding-plate settings. Starts machines and adjusts panel controls to maintain level in pulp and water chests and regulate flow of chips through grinding machines. Observes charts, dials, and gauges; and adjusts levers, valves, and panel controls to regulate flow of specified amounts of pulp, alum, wax, asphalt, and starch into blending machine. May weigh samples of wet and dry pulp on scales and calculate moisture content. May test pulp for $T3freeness,$T1 fineness, density, and breakage. May record production and test data.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

530.685-010 COATING-MIXER TENDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: clay mixer

    Tends machine that mixes and strains filling and coating materials for paper: Weighs and dumps specified quantities of materials, such as clay, soda ash, titanium dioxide, lithopone, or gypsum, into hopper of mixing machine. Turns valve to admit metered volume of water into mixing machine and starts machine that mixes ingredients. Starts pumps that force mixture through straining screens and into storage tanks. Lifts screens from machine and washes screens with water hose. May deliver sacks of materials to mixer, using handtruck or forklift truck. May weigh and add specified quantities of color pigments to mixture. May plan mixing according to paper production orders.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.685-014 PULPER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: slusher operator

    Tends machine that reduces broke or dry pulp sheets to pulp or slurry for use in making paper, wallboard, or related products: Dumps broke or pulp sheets onto conveyor or into vat to fill pulper machine. Pushes buttons and turns valves to admit water, ink removing solution, and steam that softens material to specified consistency. Starts beating machine that reduces material to pulp. Observes and monitors material, dials, or charts to ensure specified consistency of pulp. Opens discharge gate or starts pump to dump or transport pulp to storage or to other processes. May catch pulp in broke boxes and push boxes to beater engines. May push cart loads of broke from paper machines to pulper. May be designated according to material reduced as Broke-Beater Tender (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec); or according to type of machine used as Hydropulper (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

530.686-010 BEATER-AND-PULPER FEEDER (paper & pulp; tex. prod., nec)

    Feeds scrap paper or wood chips into beater tanks for grinding into furnish used in making paper, roofing felt, or related products: Conveys bales of scrap paper, fillers, starch, and chemicals to beater room, using forklift truck or handtruck. Opens bales and dumps paper and fillers into beater tanks. Observes scrap paper and discards plastic or other insoluble items into trash bin. Stacks bales of scrap paper and sacks of chemicals onto conveyor of pulper machine, using forklift truck. Sweeps and cleans work area. May open valves to drain furnish from beater tanks into storage units. May clean equipment screens, blades, and interior surfaces, using brushes, broom, and cleaning solutions.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.686-014 LOADER, MAGAZINE GRINDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: magazine loader

    Loads pulp logs or wood blocks into magazines of grinder that reduces them to fibers used in making paper: Lifts and places logs into magazines, using lumber hooks or $T3picaroon$T1 to align logs and avoid jams. Cuts oversized logs to desired length, using cutoff saw.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

530.686-018 WASTE-PAPER-HAMMERMILL OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Feeds waste paper into machine that cuts paper into small pieces for use as building insulation. Fills sack with cut paper.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

530.687-010 RAG INSPECTOR (paper & pulp) alternate titles: inspector, rag sorting

    Examines rags to verify that they have been sorted according to color, quality, type, and condition, and that foreign matter, such as clips, buttons, and elastic, has been removed. Weighs rags and records weight. Trucks rags to cutting machines.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

532 COOKING AND DRYING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with removing moisture from paper and related materials by exposing them to heat or air or placing them in a vacuum, and cooking materials at specific temperatures for varied intervals to effect their composition, consistency, or texture.

532.362-010 DIGESTER OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: cook; digester cook

    Operates battery of stationary or rotary steam digesters to cook wood chips with soda ash or acid to make pulp for use in manufacture of paper and insulation board: Signals DIGESTER-OPERATOR HELPER (paper & pulp; paper goods) 532.686-010 to charge digesters with specified amounts of chips and chemicals. Turns valves or moves panel controls to admit steam into digesters, to raise temperature and pressure within specified limits, and to start rotary digesters. Monitors temperature, flow, and pressure gauges and charts to ensure that chips are cooked according to specifications. Tests samples of digester liquid by titration or standard color chart to determine completion of cooking process. Opens valves of stationary digester to blow cooked pulp into pit, or pulls lever to tip rotary digester and dump contents. Compiles production records. May be designated according to process as Cooker, Soda (paper & pulp; paper goods); Cooker, Sulfate (paper & pulp; paper goods); Cooker, Sulfite (paper & pulp; paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

532.585-010 MATRIX-DRIER TENDER (paper & pulp)

    Tends cylinder drier that dries sheets of matrix paper: Sets controls of drier to regulate temperature and speed of cylinder and position of belt. Starts drier and feeds wet sheets between revolving cylinder and belt. Observes gauges and feels dried sheets for moisture content, and adjusts controls to achieve specified dryness. Gauges thickness of fiberboard and matrix mats, using micrometer calipers. Sorts and records mats according to thickness and stacks them on skids.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

532.685-010 BACK TENDER, INSULATION BOARD (wood prod., nec) alternate titles: pulp drier

    Tends oven drier at back end of pulp-making machine that removes moisture from pulp sheets: Observes gauges and charts, and turns valves to regulate flow of steam and control oven temperature. Aligns sheets on conveyor to prevent jams. Regulates speed of conveyor to ensure that dried sheets conform to moisture content specifications.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

532.685-014 COOKER TENDER (paper & pulp)

    Tends cooker that cooks logs for processing into pulp: Bolts bottom of cooker in place. Opens gate of loading chute and guides logs into cooker with pike pole. Turns valve to fill cooker with steam to cook wood for specified period. Unbolts bottom of cooker and loads logs onto handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

532.685-018 EVAPORATOR OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Tends evaporator that condenses sulfite and black liquor to prepare them for recovery furnace: Adjusts controls and turns valves of evaporator to regulate flow and temperature of liquor to dehydrate liquor to specified density. Tests sample of liquor concentrate, using hydrometer and thermometer, to determine density. Cleans evaporator chambers, using steam hose.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

532.685-022 MOISTURE-CONDITIONER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Tends machine that threads continuous sheet of paper through moisture-conditioning cabinet to dampen paper: Turns valves to regulate flow of air, steam, and water in cabinet to control temperature and moisture. Places roll of paper on reel stand, using hoist, and wraps end of paper around threader bar. Starts machine that automatically threads paper between feed and tension rolls in cabinet. Wraps end of dampened paper sheet on core shaft of rewinder reel. Adjusts tension of paper by adding or removing weights on chain.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

532.685-026 PULP-PRESS TENDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: hydraulic-press tender

    Tends hydraulic press that removes moisture from fiberboard, laps, or sheets of wet pulp: Pushes loaded truck under hydraulic pressing plate and starts machine to lower ram and press water from pulp. Pulls truck away from press and pushes it to baling area. May stack layers of laps or sheets on handtruck, placing wire mesh or fiber mats between layers to facilitate pressing water from stock.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

532.686-010 DIGESTER-OPERATOR HELPER (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: cook helper; digester-cook helper; pulp-making-plant operator

    Feeds wood chips and soda ash or acid into digester that processes wood chips into pulp: Unbolts and removes digester cover, using wrench and chain hoist. Lowers feed pipe into digester, using hoist, and pushes button or turns handwheel to load digester with wood chips. Pushes control panel button or turns valve to admit specified quantities of soda ash or acid into digester. Replaces and bolts cover. May remove cover and blow steam from digester at completion of cooking cycle. May tend conveyors that convey chips to hopper or cooked pulp to storage bins. May open valves to blow cooked pulp into pit. May pull lever to dump cooked pulp from rotary digester. May draw and deliver pulp sample to laboratory for analysis.
GOE: 06.04.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

532.686-014 PAPER-CONE-DRYING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods)

    Dumps paper cones treated with solution of turpentine and beeswax into drying cabinet and starts fan. Rakes cones from cabinet after specified drying time.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

532.687-010 LABEL DRIER (recording)

    Dries phonograph labels in oven for use by record-press section: Obtains specified labels from stock and spreads them on drying racks of oven. Turns dial of automatic timer to start drying cycle. Removes dried labels from racks and separates labels by title. Stacks labels on warming plates near record presses, according to production schedule. Collects, sorts, and returns unused labels to storage at end of shift.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533 COOLING, BLEACHING, SCREENING, WASHING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with cleaning materials with water, making them cooler, whitening them by use of chlorine gas or other bleaching agents, and separating finer from coarser parts by use of a screen.

533.362-010 BLEACHER, PULP (paper & pulp)

    Controls equipment to bleach pulp: Starts pumps and adjusts controls to regulate flow of pulp to chlorination towers, bleaching and soaking tanks, and pulp washers, according to specified bleaching sequence. Opens valves to allow metered flow of such chemicals as liquid and gaseous chlorine, sulfur dioxide gas, caustic soda, hypochlorite, and peroxide into pulp, according to bleaching specifications. Starts agitators to mix pulp and chemicals. Tends cylinder washers to wash soluble impurities and excess bleach from pulp after each bleaching operation. Adjusts controls to ensure that pulp bleaching meets specifications, according to laboratory test reports. Starts equipment to pump bleached pulp to storage. May make titration tests. May test whiteness of pulp, using $T3reflectance meter.$T1 May tend decker machines that thicken pulp. May be designated according to pulp-making process as Bleacher, Groundwood Pulp (paper & pulp); Bleacher, Kraft Pulp (paper & pulp); Bleacher, Sulfite Pulp (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

533.665-010 BLOW-PIT OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Tends blow pits that wash pulp to remove cooking acid: Covers blow pit floor with specified amount of water, using hose, and clamps shut doors and hatches to prepare blow pit for receiving cooked pulp. Turns wheel, as signaled by DIGESTER OPERATOR (concrete prod.; paper & pulp), to open digester outlet valve and blow cooked pulp under pressure into blow pit. Opens valve to drain spent cooking liquor and water from pulp in blow pit. Opens water faucet or sprays pulp with water from high-pressure hose to wash cooking liquor from pulp and flush pulp from blow pit into receiving chests. Dips pulp sample from pit for testing in laboratory.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

533.682-010 DECKER OPERATOR (paper & pulp) alternate titles: rotary-filter operator

    Operates decker or rotary filter machines to remove water from pulp stock and reduce stock to specified consistency for bleaching or beating: Turns valves to regulate flow of pulp stock into machine vat. Starts machine and adjusts controls to regulate speed of cylindrical screen in vat. Turns valve to adjust suction in cylinder to deposit pulp on screen at specified rate and remove white water through meshes of screen. Turns handwheels or pulls lever to adjust press roll against screen to obtain pulp of specified consistency. Pulls lever to adjust blade that scrapes pulp from screen into storage chest. May tend flat or rotary screens to remove coarse fibers from pulp.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

533.685-010 BLEACH-BOILER FILLER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: bleach-boiler packer; filler

    Tends rotary bleach boiler that cleans and bleaches rags used in making paper: Charges boiler with rags, chemicals, and water. Fastens boiler cover, starts rotary motor, and turns steam valves to clean and bleach rags in boiler for specified length of time. Opens valves to reduce steam pressure and drain liquid from boiler. May pack boiler with alternate layers of rags and dry chemicals. May mix chemicals.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-014 BROWN-STOCK WASHER (paper & pulp)

    Tends machines that wash cooking liquor from pulp: Starts machines and pumps, and turns valves to regulate spray from water jets and flow of pulp through washer to remove cooking liquor. Opens drains to dispose of wash water or transfer wash water to recovery storage tank. May tend flat or centrifugal screens that remove knots or uncooked chips from pulp.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-018 SAVE-ALL OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Tends machine that salvages woodpulp suspended in white water: Opens valves or starts pumps to regulate flow of white water and glue size into vat causing pulp to flocculate (form fluffy mass) for easier removal. Starts cylinder of machine revolving to remove pulp from water. Turns valve to adjust vacuum in cylinder to remove water from pulp deposited on screen. Pulls levers to adjust blade that scrapes pulp from cylinder into receiving chest. Starts pumps to transport recovered pulp and residue of white water containing fillers, dyes, and chemicals to storage chests. Cleans machine and pipelines with brushes and chemical solution.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-022 SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: screen-room operator

    Tends knotters, rifflers, and centrifugal and flat screens that remove knots, sand, coarse fibers, and uncooked chips from cooked woodpulp: Starts machine and turns valves to adjust flow of pulp and water into screening machine at specified consistency, or sets automatic consistency regulator. Adjusts water sprays to wash pulp through screens and refuse into receiving chests. Examines and feels usable (fine) fibers and screened-out material to detect inefficient cleaning and loss of stock, and adjusts flow of pulp stock and water accordingly. Replaces defective screen plates, using handtools. Cleans screen plates and flow boxes with water hose. Washes and scrapes sand deposits from rifflers. May tend washers to wash cooking liquor from pulp [DECKER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)]. May be designated according to type of machine tended as Centrifugal-Screen Tender (paper & pulp); Riffler Tender (paper & pulp); Rod-Machine Operator (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.04.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

533.685-026 SCREEN TENDER, CHIPS (paper & pulp)

    Tends rotary or shaker screens that remove slivers, sawdust, dirt, knots, and oversized chips from wood chips used for paper pulp: Starts conveyors to move wood chips from storage to screens and to transfer cleaned chips to designated bins. Starts screens and blower to clean chips and adjusts feeding mechanism on screens to prevent overloading. Cleans screens with airhose and brush after each run. Oils machine and conveyors. May tend rechipping machine to reduce size of oversize chips.
GOE: 06.04.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

533.685-030 THRASHER FEEDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: rag-willow operator

    Tends thrasher (dusting machine) that removes dust and lime from rags: Starts machine and feeds rags into machine hopper. Removes dust receiver from machine, dumps dust, and cleans machine.
GOE: 06.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.685-034 WASHER ENGINEER (paper & pulp)

    Tends equipment that bleaches and washes cooked rags used in making paper: Turns valve to fill vat with water. Dumps specified quantities of chlorine, lime, and alum into vat to prepare bleaching solution. Places rags in solution to bleach them for specified length of time. Turns valve to drain solution from vat. Sets controls to regulate flow of water into vat to wash bleach solution from rags. Starts roller to pick up and eject dirty water from vat. Turns valve to drain wash water from vat. Removes rags from vat and places them in seasoning bin.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

533.686-010 BLOW-PIT HELPER (paper & pulp)

    Assists BLOW-PIT OPERATOR (paper & pulp) in washing pulp to remove cooking acid: Pulls lever to close blow pit drain covers. Dumps pulp from digester into blow pit. Turns handwheel to open drain valves that permit gravity drainage of cooking liquor into recovery vat or sewers. Flushes residual pulp from blow pit, using high-pressure water hose. Cleans work area, using broom, hose, and shovel. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.686-014 WASHER-ENGINEER HELPER (paper & pulp)

    Assists WASHER ENGINEER (paper & pulp) in bleaching and washing cooked rags used in making paper: Removes covers from boiler, using hoist and wrenches. Positions stock boxes under boiler openings to receive cooked rags. Removes rags stuck in boiler, using metal hook. Pushes loaded boxes to washer and dumps rags into washer, using hoist. Turns valves to emit rags from machine after completion of wash cycle and conveys material to designated area of plant for further processing. Records rag type and time of wash cycle on production sheet. Cleans equipment and work area. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

533.687-010 SCREEN-TENDER HELPER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: screen washer

    Assists SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp) in removing impurities and uncooked chips from cooked woodpulp: Turns valve to activate pump that fills defoamer tank. Washes clogged masses of fibers and impurities from screen plates, using water hose. Washes and scrapes sand and sludge from rifflers and flow boxes. Draws and spreads pulp sample in sheet mold. Observes sample against light, and notifies SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp) when sample fails to meet cleaning specifications. May remove and replace screen plates, using handtools. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534 CALENDERING, SIZING, COATING, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with imparting a desired finish or ensuring uniform thickness in paper by pressure applied with rollers; applying a thin pasty substance such as glue, starch, or resin to paper to glaze it, act as a filler, or otherwise treat the surface; and brushing a layer of mineral over paper and then drying it as a preliminary step to calendering.

534.130-010 SUPERVISOR, COATING (photo. appar.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating coating machines to sensitize blueprint and photographic paper: Sets up machine and adjusts roller speed and drying temperature. Reads gauges and graphs and inspects control mechanisms to verify machine setup. Adds chemical ingredients, such as solvents and neutralizing agents, to solution as specified by quality control test reports. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

534.132-010 SUPERVISOR, CALENDERING (paper & pulp)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating calender machines to impart specified gloss and finish to surface of paper: Assigns duties to workers, according to production orders and knowledge of machine capacities. Inspects finish of paper for adherence to specifications. Trains workers in operation of machines. Maintains production, quality control, and personnel records. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

534.132-014 SUPERVISOR, PAPER COATING (paper & pulp; paper goods)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating machines to coat, laminate, or impregnate paper and related materials with substances such as wax, resins, starches, or polyethylene: Confers with customers and company officials to obtain order specifications. Prepares work schedules and assigns duties to workers. Analyzes production reports and maintains production records. Trains workers. May operate coating machines during absences of regular workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 78

534.137-010 SUPERVISOR, CARBON-PAPER-COATING (pen & pencil)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in manufacturing carbon paper and inked ribbons, and processing printed forms into multicopy business forms and teletype rolls: Reads work orders and production schedules to determine processing sequence. Prepares time and cost estimates and other production reports. Assigns duties and interprets company policy to workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

534.380-010 CARBON-PAPER-COATING-MACHINE SETTER (pen & pencil)

    Sets up and adjusts battery of machines that pass paper or plastic sheeting between series of rolls to coat it with inked wax-oil preparation to make carbon paper: Selects and installs specified rolls, such as printing (to print specified wording and design on back of paper), applicator, wiper, hot, and cold rolls, using wrenches. Wipes rolls with cloth and solvent to remove dirt and excess wax. Turns valves to admit steam and cold water into hot and cold rolls. Observes gauges and adjusts valves to regulate temperature of rolls and heat of wax in reservoir pan. Measures thickness of material to be coated, using micrometers, to determine that weight is as ordered. Observes paper as it passes over and around rolls, and turns nuts to adjust positions of rolls to remove wrinkles. Measures thickness of coated paper with micrometers, and adjusts distance between applicator and wiper rolls to produce coating of specified thickness. Assists CARBON-COATER-MACHINE OPERATOR (pen & pencil) in installing and removing rolls of material and in cutting jammed paper from rolls.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.482-010 WAXING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) alternate titles: sheeter-waxer operator; wax-coating-machine tender; waxer operator

    Operates machines to coat paper or cardboard container blanks with wax or paraffin: Mounts paper roll on machine feedrack by hand or using chain hoist, or loads blanks on stacking mechanism. Fills tank with wax chunks or paraffin blocks, and turns valves to regulate temperature and melt material. Starts machine and adjusts controls to regulate machine feed, temperature of wax, paraffin, cooling rolls, or cold water bath, and tension of paper feed or stacking mechanism. Weighs standard-size paper sheets before and after coating and calculates weight of wax, or measures thickness of coated blanks with automatic micrometer, to verify that coating meets specifications. Examines blanks for uneven paraffin distribution, bubbles, spots, or other imperfections. May be designated according to type of product coated as Carton-Waxing-Machine Operator (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.565-010 OVEN TENDER (ordnance)

    Tends series of drying and humidifying ovens and waxing tanks that waterproof and condition paper tubes preparatory to processing into shotgun shells: Turns valves and pushes buttons to heat oven, admit water and liquid wax into tanks, and start cooling fans. Observes temperature, humidity, and steam pressure charts and gauges, and adjusts equipment accordingly. Notifies maintenance workers of equipment malfunction. Lifts baskets of die-sized tubes into monorail carriers at sizing machines. Pushes loaded carriers into polymerizing oven to harden linseed-oil coating and into humidifying oven to soften paper for subsequent machining. Immerses carriers in molten wax to waterproof tube interiors, using hoist. Empties carriers into steam-heated tumbler to remove excess wax from tubes. Records types and quantities of tubes processed.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.582-010 PAPER-COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (photo. appar.) alternate titles: coater; sensitizer

    Operates machine to coat paper with chemical solution or emulsion to produce paper for graphic duplicating or photographic printmaking: Fills coating troughs with specified chemicals. Mounts paper roll on machine spindle, using hoist or lift truck. Threads paper through coating rollers and drying chamber. Adjusts screws on roller shaft to regulate machine speed and paper tension, using handtools. Adjusts temperature in drying chamber to regulate drying of paper. Examines and feels surface of coated paper emerging from machine for streaks, discoloration, and adequate moisture content. Cuts paper with knife to obtain sample for laboratory testing. Records gauge and graph readings and production data. May be designated according to type of coating applied as Blueprint-Paper-Coating-Machine Operator (photo. appar.); Photographic-Paper-Coating-Machine Operator (photo. appar.).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.662-010 BACK TENDER, PAPER MACHINE (paper & pulp) alternate titles: second hand, paper machine

    Operates drier, calender, and winding sections of fourdrinier or cylinder-type papermaking machines to produce paper and wind it onto rolls: Threads continuous sheet of paper through carrier, drier, and calender rolls by hand. Observes charts and gauges, and turns valves to adjust steam pressure, temperature of drier and calender rolls, and hot air blowing into continuous sheet. Turns wheels to adjust tension on rolls and control running speed of sheet. Inspects sheet for defects, such as dirt, slime spots, holes, and wrinkles, and marks defective portions for removal at rewinding section. Directs workers engaged in winding, slitting, weighing, wrapping, and stenciling paper rolls. May operate size tub or spray paper with steam, water, or dyes to obtain specified finish. May operate drying section only to produce rolls or sheets of dry pulp and be designated Back Tender, Pulp Drier (paper & pulp). May be designated according to type of machine as Back Tender, Cylinder (paper & pulp); Back Tender, Fourdrinier (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

534.665-010 SCREEN TENDER (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec)

    Tends filter-screen unit at wet end of fourdrinier machine that makes paper, sheet pulp, or insulation board from pulp stock: Adjusts guides to prevent wet felt from running off machine, using wrench. Turns valves to regulate flow of water and pulp onto filter screens as requested by FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods). Scrapes residue from screens with hand rake. Observes pickup of pulp from cylinder screens by carrier mat and formation of continuous sheets to detect defects in paper, such as breaks, slivers, dirt, and slime spots. Notifies FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) of paper defects and machine malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.682-010 AIR-DRIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp) alternate titles: continuous-loft operator

    Controls equipment to size (coat) and dry paper: Positions paper roll on feedrack, using hoist. Threads paper through size tank and press and drier rolls, and secures it to winding reel. Starts equipment and adjusts controls to regulate speed of winding reel, temperature of drier rolls, and temperature of air rising from ducts to obtain specified finish. Examines paper during winding for uniformity of finish and defects, such as wrinkles and tears, and flags defective sections for removal. May operate slitter and winder machine to slit and rewind paper into smaller rolls [SLITTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) I]. May operate machine to cut paper into specified sizes [CUTTER OPERATOR (any industry)].
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.682-014 CARBON-COATER-MACHINE OPERATOR (pen & pencil) alternate titles: coater, carbon paper

    Operates machine that coats paper or plastic sheeting with inked wax-oil preparation to make carbon paper: Dips hot solution from storage vat, using pail, and pours solution into pans of machine. Installs roll of paper on machine and threads roll through series of rollers that roll coating on paper, imprint back of paper with identifying data, and chill coating to harden it. Observes gauges and turns steam and cold water valves to regulate temperatures of rolls. Starts machine and observes paper to detect defects, such as tears, slits, holes, and light spots, blurred or incomplete printing, and lack of sheen in coating that indicates need for replenishing ink supply. Turns nuts to adjust tension of roll to prevent wrinkles in paper. Measures thickness of coated paper, using micrometer, to verify that specified quantity of coating is being applied. Cuts jammed paper from rolls and machine, using knife and shears. Cleans rolls and machine parts with solvent and cloths.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.682-018 COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: grounding-machine operator; paper coater

    Operates machine to glaze or impregnate paper with size or coating mixtures: Adjusts spreader rollers and aligns or fastens brushes or scraper blade in machine, using handtools, to spread coating to specified depth on paper. Loads paper roll on machine feedrack, using hoist, and threads paper through spreader, pressure, and drying rolls. Turns valve to admit specified coating mixture into machine tank. Starts machine and observes paper to detect wrinkles, breaks, and uneven coating. Turns handwheels or levers to adjust tension of paper and pressure of rollers. May measure depth of coating, using micrometer. May be designated according to coating material used as Clay-Coating-Machine Tender (paper & pulp; paper goods); Varnisher-Plasticoater (fabrication, nec). May coat printed wallpaper with plastic solution to waterproof it and be designated Waterproof-Coating-Machine Tender (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

534.682-022 COATING-MACHINE OPERATOR, HARDBOARD (paper goods; wood prod., nec) alternate titles: paint-coating-machine operator

    Operates machine to spray paint and print surface finish on hardboard sheets: Fills hoppers of machine with ready-mixed paint. Starts machine and moves controls to regulate spraying action, specified tension of rollers, and temperature of infrared drying lamps. Tests density of paint, using viscometer. May tend machine that coats unfinished insulation board with talc to prevent sticking during subsequent pressing and be designated High-Density-Talc-Coater Operator (wood prod., nec).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.682-026 COMBINER OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: combiner-sheet operator; hot-melt-machine operator; laminating-machine operator; paster operator; solid-fiber-paster operator

    Sets up and operates machine to combine two or more continuous sheets of material, such as paper, paperboard, foil, and plastic film, to form such laminated products as building paper, fiberboard, wallboard, or material from which metallic yarn is slit: Mounts rolls of materials in machine, using hoist. Threads materials over and under guide rollers (one sheet over adhesive roller), around cooling drum, and to rewinder core. Starts pumps to transfer adhesive solution from storage tanks to machine. Starts machine, observes gauges, and adjusts controls to maintain temperature and pressure of rollers, temperature of adhesive, filling of cooling drum, functioning of doctor blade, and speed of machine. Inspects samples of laminated products for defects, such as wrinkles and thick spots. May test specific gravity of adhesive solution, using hydrometer. May attach ends of new material to material in machine with tape. May set up and operate machine to extrude polyethylene film, combine film with paper or aluminum foil, and print design on processed laminated paper used for wrapping materials and be designated Polyethylene Combiner (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

534.682-030 CREPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) alternate titles: crinkling-machine operator

    Operates machine to crinkle smooth-surfaced paper to form crepe paper: Mounts stock roll on machine, using chain hoist. Regulates flow of glue or laminate to pans and steam to drying cylinders. Starts machine and threads sheet through glue pan, feed rolls, creping (crinkling) roll and blade, rolls that remove excess glue or laminate, drying cylinders, tension rolls, and onto rewinding rolls. Moves controls to bring creping blade in contact with moving paper to crinkle paper, and adjusts temperature of steam-heated rolls, tension of paper, and pressure of rolls to prevent tearing or folding of paper. Cuts paper, using knife, and removes roll of crepe paper when required amount has been wound. May operate machine equipped with cylinder press that simultaneously prints and laminates surface of paper in addition to creping process and be designated Crepe-Laminator Operator (paper goods).
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.682-034 STRAP-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) alternate titles: strap-making-machine operator

    Operates strapping machine to glue, compress, and dry multiple strands of twisted fiber yarn to form straps used for packaging: Hangs cones of yarn on creel and empty spool on winder. Turns valves to fill glue troughs. Opens steam valves and observes thermometer to heat glue and drying cans to specified temperature. Adjusts distance between dies to specified measurements, using handtools. Threads strands through tension device, glue bath, compression dies, infrared tacking lamps, around drying can, and through roller and counter to spool. Starts equipment and inspects finished strapping for strand separation, thickness, and width, visually or using gauges. Cuts out faulty areas and splices cut ends together. Replaces full spools on winder. Observes creel, replaces emptying cones, and splices ends. Repairs breaks in yarn by splicing ends. Tags and marks full spools for identification.
GOE: 06.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

534.682-038 SUPERCALENDER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Operates supercalender machine to impart specified gloss and finish to surface of paper: Positions roll of paper on machine reel stand, using hoist. Fastens collar and alignment guides on shaft to secure roll, using wrench. Threads paper around feed, calender, and tension rolls, and wraps end of paper around core shaft of rewinder roll. Observes gauge and turns valve to control temperature by regulating flow of steam to calender rolls. Turns handwheels to control tension of paper and pressure of rolls. Inspects paper for dirt, slime spots, wrinkles, and compactness of winding. Splices breaks in paper with glue or splicing paper, and seals splices with heated flatiron. Tests paper samples for gloss and finish, using glarimeter. Holds sandpaper against revolving rolls to remove lint and dirt.
GOE: 06.02.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

534.685-010 DAMPENER OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Tends machine that dampens rolls of paper prior to calendering: Inserts steel shaft in core of roll and positions roll on machine frame, using hoist. Aligns roll on shaft and fastens collar to shaft to secure alignment, using rule and wrench. Turns valve to regulate flow of water into tank and starts machine. Threads paper through feed and tension rolls and wraps end of paper around rewinding roll. Turns handwheels to adjust tension and friction rolls. Turns switch to start rotary brush that throws spray of water from tank onto underside of paper. Pounds paper with wooden club to prevent loose winding on roll. Observes feeding, spraying, and winding of paper for excess moisture and loose winding, and makes adjustments. Loads rewound roll onto dolly, using hoist, and pushes it away from machine.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-014 FRICTION-PAINT-MACHINE TENDER (fabrication, nec)

    Tends equipment that applies and dries strip of friction paint (striking material) on cards of matchbook covers and matchbox slides: Loads stack of cards into machine feed magazine. Observes machine feed to prevent jam of cards on conveyor. Inspects friction paint coverage for specified thickness of application, and adjusts friction paint feedwheels, using handtools. Removes paper dust and dirt from revolving feedwheels with knife. Fills machine reservoir with friction paint. Turns steam valves and reads gauge to maintain specified temperature in conveyor-drier.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-018 OILING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods)

    Tends machine that immerses hardboard sheets in oil to impart smooth finish and cuts sheets to size preparatory to tempering: Adjusts position of saws to cut sheets to specified length and width. Observes gauge and turns steam valve to fill oil reservoir and maintain oil at prescribed temperature. Starts feed conveyors, saws, and automatic sheet-stacking mechanism. Feeds uncoated sheets into machine and pulls table saw across end of each sheet before coating to remove irregular edges. Observes sheets for presence of coating flaws, scratches, and oil droplets on surface. Grades hardboard sheets according to defects and size. Places board beneath each stack of oiled sheets and inverts top sheet to protect surfaces against marring during storage or further processing. Keeps records of rejected hardboard sheets for shift log.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-022 PAPER COATER (paper & pulp; paper goods)

    Tends machine that dyes paper to specified color: Pours prepared dye solution into machine receptacle. Loads roll of paper in machine. Pulls lever to start device that applies color solution to paper. Observes paper as it passes through machine to detect blemishes, streaks, or other defects. Replenishes dye solution and loads machine with paper when depleted.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

534.685-026 PARAFFIN-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods)

    Tends machine that sprays fiber can lids or paperboard box blanks with paraffin wax to make items moistureproof or airtight: Fills machine reservoir with paraffin chunks and opens steam valve to heat and liquefy paraffin. Places items into machine that automatically sprays melted paraffin wax on inner surfaces as items pass under nozzle. Examines sprayed items to ensure uniformity of coating. Stacks finished items on trays or handcart for removal to storage area. May keep daily production records.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-030 VARNISHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.)

    Tends machine that coats paper decals with varnish: Mixes varnish according to formula and fills machine reservoir. Starts machine and feeds sheets of paper decals between rollers that coat them with varnish.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.685-034 WET-END HELPER (wood prod., nec)

    Tends wet end of machine that cuts and paints wallboard, as directed by FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods): Turns valve to regulate flow of paint onto wet board. Turns handwheel to adjust cutters. Guides end of wet-board mat from pressure rolls onto tipple rolls at start of each new run. Observes wet-board panels and pulls lever to drop defective boards into recovery box. Sharpens and cleans cutter as it rotates. Removes and replaces screens and pressure rolls, using hoist and handtools. May weigh sample of wet board, dry sample in electric retort, and compute moisture loss and estimated density, using standard conversion tables or slide rule. May measure thickness of board, using calipers. May record production data in logbook.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.686-010 PAPER-PROCESSING-MACHINE HELPER (paper & pulp; paper goods)

    Mounts rolls of paper on machines, such as combiner, coating machine, and waxing machine, and performs related duties to assist machine operators: Inserts metal shaft through core of paper roll, positions roll on machine feedrack, using hoist, and clamps shaft in bearings. Shoves core on rewind shaft and positions shaft in machine rewind rack. Assists operator in threading paper through machine, and starts end of paper around rewind core. Splices breaks in paper, using tape and hot iron. Removes rewound roll from machine with hoist, and pulls shaft from core by hand. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title. May stack cardboard container blanks and return blanks to operator for further processing of untreated sides of blanks. May examine coating of blanks for imperfections and notify operator when imperfections occur. May be designated according to worker assisted, as Coating-Machine-Operator Helper (paper & pulp; paper goods); Combiner-Operator Helper (paper & pulp; paper goods); Supercalender-Operator Helper (paper & pulp); Waxing-Machine-Operator Helper (paper goods).
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

534.687-010 CONE TREATER (paper goods)

    Treats paper cones with mixture of turpentine and beeswax: Combines specified amounts of turpentine and beeswax in vat and adjusts controls to heat mixture to specified temperature. Fills wire basket with paper cones and lowers basket into heated mixture until thoroughly saturated (treated). Raises basket, drains mixture from cones, and sets basket aside for transfer to drying cabinet.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

534.687-014 CREPING-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (paper goods)

    Assists CREPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper goods) in forming crepe paper: Trucks paper rolls to machine and storage areas. Weighs finished rolls and cleans working area. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

535 FORMING OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with imparting a desired shape to paper and related material.

535.482-010 WAD-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR-ADJUSTER (ordnance) alternate titles: compressor operator-adjuster

    Operates battery of compressor machines and drying ovens to press and dry cardboard-fiber and wood-flour slurry to form filler wads for shotgun shells: Turns valves to fill compressor jackets with slurry and to heat drying ovens. Starts feed tank agitator, wad compressors, and conveyors. Observes molded wads emerging from compressor punches to detect concave tops indicating fouled punch tip. Unbolts punch tube and cleans accumulated slurry from tip, using compressed air or water. Replaces bent or broken punches, tubes, knock-off fingers, and transfer plates, using handtools. Weighs specified number of dried wads from each batch of slurry on grain scale, and computes quantity of water needed to produce wads of specified weight. Measures thickness of wads, using dial gauge, and adjusts spacing between top and bottom punches to change wad thickness, using micrometers, feeler gauges, and precision gauge blocks. Washes accumulation of slurry from machine. May operate and adjust battery of stationary pneumatic compressors that press slurry into holed wads for further compressing into base wads and be designated Base-Wad Operator-Adjuster (ordnance).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

535.685-010 PLATE WORKER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: composition-board-press operator; high-density-press operator; hot-press operator

    Tends steam-heated hydraulic press which compresses paper and cardboard to form insulation board: Positions preformed cardboard and paper on bed of press. Starts press to lower ram, and turns steam valve to bond paper and cardboard together. Closes valve, raises ram, and removes finished board from press. May tend semiautomatic press that forms insulation panels and transfers them to trimming and painting machines, monitoring temperature and pressure gauges to maintain press conditions within plant standards. May measure thickness of pressed board, using micrometer, to determine conformity of product to specifications.
GOE: 06.04.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

539 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF PAPER AND RELATED MATERIALS, N.E.C.

    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with effecting the composition, texture, shape, color, consistency, and finish of paper and related materials.

539.130-010 SUPERVISOR, HARDBOARD (wood prod., nec)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting peeler log cores into chips, grinding chips into pulp, and pressing pulp into insulation board or hardboard: Observes various processing operation and reads dials and charts to verify conformance of products to specifications. Inspects and tests samples of chips, mat, and hardboard for water absorption, resin and wax content, internal bond, modulus rupture, weight, and dimensions, using laboratory equipment. Trains and assign tasks to new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

539.130-014 SUPERVISOR, WET ROOM (paper & pulp)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in screening, pressing, sheet-forming, and baling pulp used in making paper: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Reads dirt and moisture test reports and orders adjustments made to machinery to obtain pulp of specified quality. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

539.131-010 SUPERVISOR, WET END (wood prod., nec)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooking and processing wood chips to form pulp, and in processing pulp to form hardboard or insulation board. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

539.132-010 SUPERVISOR, PAPER MACHINE (paper & pulp)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating papermaking machines to make cardboard, paper, and pulp sheets from pulp stock, and winding and cutting paper sheets: Directs workers in installing wet and dry felts and wire-mesh belts in machine, and in threading paper through feed, press, drier, and calender rolls. Observes consistency of pulp and reads laboratory reports of moisture, caliber, and oil tests to verify conformation of product to quality control specifications. Supervises workers in requisitioning, repairing, and maintaining wire-mesh belts, wet and dry felts, and machine accessories and parts. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to machines operated by workers supervised as Fourdrinier-Paper-Machine Supervisor (paper & pulp); or according to product as Superintendent, Board Mill (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

539.132-014 SUPERVISOR, PULP PLANT (paper & pulp)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cooking, bleaching, and screening pulp and in making cooking and bleaching liquors to prepare pulp for use in making paper: Trains workers in operation of equipment. Reads laboratory reports and observes cooking, bleaching, screening, and liquor-making operations to verify that specified procedures are followed and that products meet specifications. Observes level of pulp in storage chests, and directs workers in routing pulp from bleachers to chests, to ensure that pulp of specified quantity and quality is available for delivery to papermaking machines. Inspects equipment, such as pumps and digester shells, for leaks and worn bearings, and schedules shutdown of equipment for maintenance and repair. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to activities of workers supervised as Supervisor, Bleach Plant (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 78

539.132-018 SUPERVISOR, REPULPING (paper & pulp) alternate titles: head-stock operator

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in repulping, refining, and adding colors and clays to ground woodpulp and broke: Reads production order to determine operating sequence, type and length of fibers to use, and specified amounts and mixture of colors and clays. Directs flow of materials to meet production schedules. Compares laboratory test results with production specifications and confers with department supervisors to ensure that pulp meets quality control standards. Directs training of new workers, and instructs them in safety procedures. Initiates promotions within department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

539.134-010 SUPERVISOR, PAPER TESTING (paper & pulp; paper goods)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in testing paper and pulp products, and in calibrating and maintaining related equipment: Assigns duties to workers and instructs them on new test procedures. Confers with company officials to develop new products and resolve customer complaints. Analyzes test reports to verify product adherence to company standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

539.137-010 SUPERVISOR, RAG ROOM (paper & pulp)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in sorting, cutting, cooking, and bleaching rags for use in making paper. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

539.137-014 PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR (nonmet. min.)

    Supervises workers engaged in tending machines that process and package recycled newspapers into cellulose insulation: Observes sorting, equipment loading, processing, and packaging operations for conformance to establishment specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

539.362-010 CYLINDER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec)

    Operates cylinder-type machine to make paper, cardboard stock, insulation board, or pulp sheets according to specifications: Turns valves to start flow of water and specific types of pulp stock into designated cylinder vats. Starts machine and turns handwheels and valves or adjusts panel controls to regulate flow of stock onto wire mesh of revolving pickup cylinders and onto wet felt mats on which continuous sheets of product are formed. Inspects machine products, reviews laboratory reports, and observes machine operations to determine causes of defects in paper. Regulates and coordinates stock flow, speed of pickup cylinders and wet felts, and water removal by vacuum action of cylinders and by pressure of rolls on pulp mat, according to type of stock and specified kind, grade, weight, and moisture content of product. Directs workers engaged in replacing felts, threading sheets through drier rolls, slitting and cutting sheets to specified dimensions, and winding sheets onto roll. May be designated according to product made as Cylinder-Machine Operator, Pulp Drier (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

539.362-014 FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) alternate titles: paper-machine operator

    Operates wet end of fourdrinier machine to make paper, sheet pulp, or insulation board from pulp stock: Turns valves and pushes buttons, flips switches, or moves levers of control panel to start flow of pulp stock into machine headbox and flow of white water to dilute pulp stock. Starts machine and turns wheel to adjust flow of stock onto wire-mesh belt on which paper or other product is formed. Observes formation of product and removal of water, and inspects samples of completed product. Adjusts volume and speed of stock flow, speed and pitch of wire belt, frequency and amplitude of belt shake, water removal by suction boxes and rolls, and pressure of rolls on pulp mats, according to type of pulp stock and kind, grade, and weight of product specified. Tends auxiliary equipment, such as agitators, pumps, and filters. Gives instructions to BACK TENDER, PAPER MACHINE (paper & pulp) 534.662-010 in operating machines that dry, size, calender, wind, or cut paper or paper products. Replaces or directs workers engaged in replacing wire belts and drying-roll felts. Adjusts, cleans, repairs, and replaces rolls and other machine parts, using handtools. May install and adjust dandy roll to impress watermark on paper. May install and adjust paint roll to paint surface of insulation board.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 81

539.362-018 SLURRY MIXER (ordnance)

    Operates attrition mill, hydrabeater, and related equipment to produce slurry for subsequent processing into shotgun shell wads: Feeds bagasse and scrap paper into attrition mill that shreds material. Turns handwheel to adjust hydrabeater blades according to slurry consistency specified, and adjusts timer for prescribed cycle. Weighs and measures specified quantities of milled material, wood flour, starch, and dyes, according to formula, and dumps ingredients into hydrabeater in prescribed sequence, using lift truck. Drains unabsorbed water from measured quantity of slurry into graduated cup to determine slurry $T3freeness$T1 and adjusts beating time and water content of next batch accordingly to maintain uniform consistency of batches. Starts pump to transfer slurry into dilution tank, starts agitator in tank, and admits metered amount of water to dilute slurry to specified consistency. Pumps slurry into holding tank and signals WAD-COMPRESSOR OPERATOR-ADJUSTER (ordnance) to start molding machine.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

539.364-010 PULP-AND-PAPER TESTER (paper & pulp)

    Tests samples of each batch of pulp and run of paper, using standard testing equipment and chemical analyses to control quality and uniformity of products: Measures acidity of pulp, using pH meter. Measures weight, thickness, and bulk of standard paper sample, using micrometer and scales. Determines liquor content of pulp, using standard chemical analyses. Makes hand sheet from pulp, using wire screen, press, and drying oven. Counts dirt specks in unit area of sheet, using microscope. Tests hand sheet and paper samples for bursting, tearing, and folding strength, using specified test equipment. Measures brightness of hand sheet and paper, using $T3reflectance meter$T1 and compares color with standard colors. Records test data and prepares report for machine operators. May be designated according to product tested as Paper Tester (paper & pulp); Pulp Tester (paper & pulp); or according to processing stage as Dry-End Tester (paper & pulp); Wet-End Tester (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

539.367-010 FINAL INSPECTOR, PAPER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: head paper tester

    Inspects paper rolls and reviews reports on production to maintain quality control: Compares test report with specifications for indication of substandard production. Examines paper rolls to verify test reports indicating substandard production, and orders rejection of paper not meeting specifications. Evaluates previous tests and machine detail records to determine corrective action. Notifies FOURDRINIER-MACHINE OPERATOR (paper & pulp; paper goods) of machine adjustments required to produce paper of specified quality. Compiles test records of paper produced by each machine to maintain quality control of future production. Reviews work of other inspectors for adherence to prescribed procedures. Schedules testing of products to verify their conformance to customer specifications.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

539.367-014 WATER-QUALITY TESTER (paper & pulp)

    Reviews data from meters, recorders, and sampler, and inspects equipment in mill to ensure compliance with government standards: Records readings from plant measuring devices, such as recorders and meters. Removes and replaces record charts. Computes effluent flow from chart for sampling period. Collects waste water samples, using sample bottle. Submits samples to laboratory for testing. Writes report on findings. Observes operation of mill effluent system to determine areas of abnormal pulp spills, leaks, or defects in piping. Inspects machine sampling and measuring devices to determine source of problem or if equipment is malfunctioning. Reviews sampling and operational reports to ensure that results are within limits of water quality standards. Conducts tests, such as pH and dissolved oxygen, to ascertain effluent levels. Notifies supervisor of excessive fluctuation in waterflow or major breakdown in equipment. Records findings on daily logsheet.
GOE: 05.07.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

539.387-010 CHIP TESTER (paper & pulp)

    Tests samples of purchased wood chips, used in making pulp, to determine moisture content and quality: Observes dumping of chips into receiving pit and starts conveyor that transfers chips to screening and storage areas. Draws measured sample from conveyor, places chips in drying oven for specified period of time, and records dry weight to determine weight loss. Places additional sample of chips in pilot screen to separate unsuitable wood, such as sawdust, slivers, and oversized chunks. Removes bark from acceptable portion, reweighs sample, and records data on chip quality form. Sweeps and cleans work area. May test samples for acidity and $T3freeness,$T1 using standard testing equipment.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

539.482-010 CALENDER OPERATOR, INSULATION BOARD (wood prod., nec)

    Operates machines in tandem to press rough insulation board into specified caliper (thickness), calender (iron) it into smooth finish, and paint and dry it: Pumps paint from portable tank into machine well. Turns handwheel to space paint rolls and control specified paint spread on board. Starts machines and turns valves to start flow of steam and regulate temperature in calender rolls and paint-drying oven. Weighs unpainted and painted sample boards to calculate amount of paint adherence. Observes processing to ensure that finished boards meet quality control specifications.
GOE: 06.02.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

539.485-010 WEIGHT TESTER (paper & pulp)

    Tends machine that records variations in weight along sample strip of paper or other material: Inserts end of sample strip into testing machine to obtain reading on graph of basic weight of sample. Turns dial to bring weight indicator to center line on graph to calibrate machine for weight of material tested. Starts feed rolls that carry sample strip through machine to record variations in weight of material on graph. Calculates percentage of variation in material weight, using formula or chart. Fills machine ink reservoir, using dropper.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

539.487-010 INSPECTOR, FIBROUS WALLBOARD (wood prod., nec)

    Inspects each phase of processing in manufacture of hardboard, insulation board, and acoustical tile to ensure conformity to specifications: Weighs samples of wet and dry chips, pulp, and board; and calculates moisture content. Tests tensile strength of products, using breakage tester. Examines boards for oil spots, scratches, scuffs, broken flanges, and lug marks. Compares acoustical tile with template for location of drilled holes and cleanness of cut. Measures sample boards, using tape and square frame. Examines flanges for depth and sharpness of cut, using measuring device. Tags and records offgrade products. May conduct titration tests to determine acidity of pulp.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

539.562-010 HIGH-DENSITY FINISHING OPERATOR (wood prod., nec)

    Sets up and operates trimming and coating machines to cut, bevel, and paint sheets of insulation board emerging from forming press: Adjusts position and angle of saws to cut and bevel stock according to plant specifications for each type of board, using wrenches. Cleans and adjusts clearance of paint brushes on coating machine to apply uniform coat without brush streaks and foreign matter in paint. Moves controls to start flow of paint to brushes and to regulate drying and cooling temperature of coating machine to prevent coating irregularities, scorching of paint, fire, and explosion. Observes trimming and coating operations and regulates speed of feed conveyor, transfer mechanisms, and discharge conveyor to prevent jamming, faulty coating, and ragged or irregularly beveled edges. Culls boards not meeting appearance or dimensional standards. Reports equipment malfunctions. Cleans paint lines and reservoir, using solvent and brushes. Records production output and number of rejected boards in shift log. May set up and operate machines to trim, coat, and pack insulation tile and direct activities of tile inspecting and packing crew and be designated Tile-Machine Operator (wood prod., nec).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

539.565-010 VULCANIZED-FIBER-UNIT OPERATOR (paper goods)

    Tends machine that compresses and vulcanizes layers of paper or related materials into homogeneous sheets: Reads job order to determine type and thickness of fiber sheets to be made. Inserts metal shafts through core of paper roll, and mounts roll onto machine, using hoist. Tightens holding collars on feed roll shaft to adjust tension on paper roll. Sets counter to record number of layers of paper needed to obtain desired thickness. Threads paper under guide bar, through acid immersion tank, and over calender rolls. Starts machine and observes compressing and vulcanizing process, adjusting tension of paper rolls as needed. Cuts vulcanized sheet from roll, using knife. Directs removal of vulcanized sheets from machine and immersion of sheets into leaching vats for specified period. Maintains production records.
GOE: 06.02.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

539.587-010 LABORER, RAGS (paper & pulp) alternate titles: apron operator

    Performs any combination of following tasks involved in preparing rags for use in making paper: Cuts material, such as clips, buttons, and elastic from rags, using hand shears or automatic circular knife. Removes dusted rags from conveyor of thrasher (dusting machine), weighs and records weight of rags, and trucks them to cutting machine. Removes cover from bleach boiler, allowing rags to fall into stock cars. Marks cars according to grade and type of rags and pushes cars to washing machines. Removes washed rags from drainer (seasoning bin), places them in stock cars, and pushes cars to beater room. May be designated according to work performed as Bleach-Boiler Puller (paper & pulp); Cutter (paper & pulp); Stock Pitcher (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

539.667-010 CONTROL INSPECTOR (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec)

    Inspects pulpwood construction board, such as ceiling tiles, insulation panels, and siding, for conformity to appearance and dimensional standards and packing and labeling specifications: Examines materials for surface defects, such as flaws in paint, excess or insufficient glue on laminated panels or joints, warped panels, and ragged edges. Verifies thickness, size, and squareness of boards or panels, using calipers, carpenter's square, and rule. Starts circular saw to cut samples from finished products for testing flame resistance, strength, and insulation qualities by control laboratory. Notifies supervisor or equipment operators when board does not meet specifications to facilitate control adjustments. Prepares reports of defects discovered, origin of defects, shift production, and number of rejects for quality control personnel. Examines packing materials and observes packing activities to ensure that customer and plant specifications are met and that products are appropriately labeled for shipment. Notifies supervisor to direct destruction, reprocessing, or repacking of faulty shipments. May perform standard quality control tests on products, using prescribed laboratory equipment and procedures. May be designated according to product inspected as Siding-Coreboard Inspector (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec); or according to work area assigned as Coating-Line Checker (paper & pulp; wood prod., nec).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

539.685-010 COATER OPERATOR, INSULATION BOARD (wood prod., nec)

    Tends machine that automatically smooths and paints flanges of acoustical tile: Starts machine. Turns dial to control temperature of pressing irons. Adjusts pressure of irons to obtain smooth finish on flanges. Adjusts rollers, using wrench, to control amount of paint applied to flanges as tile moves on conveyor. Observes processing and makes necessary adjustments.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

539.685-014 IMPREGNATION OPERATOR (paper goods)

    Tends machines that impregnate fiber tubing, pipe, or conduit with pitch: Loads items into treatment tank with hoist and closes tank lid. Presses button to start pumps that circulate pitch in tank. Turns valves and observes gauges to control vacuum pressure and temperature. Records instrument readings at designated intervals. Removes impregnated tubes from treatment tank and places them in water tank to cool, using hoist.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

539.685-018 MOLDING-MACHINE TENDER (paper & pulp)

    Tends molding machine that casts articles, such as pots, cups, trays, and synthetic soil blocks from pulp slurry: Opens valve to admit water into pulp-mixing vat. Weighs and dumps specified amounts of scrap paper, rosin, wax, and other binders into vat. Transfers mixed slurry to storage tank or slurry tank. Activates forming heads to dip molds into slurry tank. Monitors operation of vacuum suction that fills forms or molds. Weighs amount of slurry gathered in random molds to ensure quality control. Adjusts timers to control curing and drying cycles. Observes pickup die which removes cured articles from forming heads or molds. Cleans residue from molds, using water hose. May tend machine that forms fiber pipe or conduit around mandrels of specified sizes and be designated Forming-Machine Operator (paper & pulp).
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

539.685-022 PUMP-PRESS OPERATOR (paper & pulp)

    Tends equipment that forms wet pulp into bales according to specifications: Turns valves to regulate flow of pulp slush from main supply line to pulp machine headbox. Starts equipment, such as vacuum and water pumps, mix tank agitator, cyclone drier and fluffer, shredder disks, screw conveyor, and compressor, to mix, dry, shred, and bale pulp of specified moisture content. Examines pulp for specified consistency and adjusts panel controls to correct inconsistency.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

539.685-026 SCREEN HANDLER (paper & pulp)

    Tends equipment that loads and unloads press and humidifier unit that press and treat hardboard, performing any combination of following tasks: Starts conveyor to transfer unpressed mats of woodpulp to automatic press loader. Aligns shelves of press loader with opening in press, and moves controls to transfer mat to pressing screen or metal plate on press bed. Moves controls to align press unloader with press discharge and to activate tongs that grasp pressing screen or plate to pull hardboard from press onto unloader shelves. Lowers unloader and retracts tongs. Moves humidifier transfer car to press unloader and starts hydraulic mechanism that aligns openings in car with shelves of unloader. Starts unloader rollers that transfer pressed hardboard sheets onto humidifier car. Pushes car to humidifier, and activates piston that transfers car to humidifier. Unloads humidifier car after it is automatically discharged from humidifier by aligning rollers of unloading device with car and feeding boards between rollers that pile boards for packing. Assists HUMIDIFIER OPERATOR (concrete prod.) to remove pressing screens manually from press and transfer them to dolly. Examines screens for damage or defects and marks faulty screens, using crayon. Transfers usable screens to press loader for reuse.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

539.685-030 WET-MACHINE TENDER (paper & pulp) alternate titles: lap-machine tender; pulp-machine operator

    Tends battery of machines that form continuous sheets of pulp from woodpulp slush: Starts machines and turns valves to regulate flow of slush pulp into machine vat. Turns handwheels to adjust feed cylinders in vat, pressure of press rolls, and tension on pickup felt to produce pulp sheet of specified moisture content. Cuts and folds continuous sheet into laps and loads laps onto skid or handtruck. May install cutters to cut sheets to specified dimensions.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

539.686-010 CUTTER, WET MACHINE (paper & pulp) alternate titles: roll skinner; sheet taker; skinner; web-machine tender; wet-press tender

    Cuts and folds continuous pulpwood sheet into laps as it emerges from wet-machine cutter rolls, using lap cutter (pointed wooden stick) or power-cutting bar. Piles laps on rack truck or conveyor for transfer to hydraulic press, inserting wire-mesh screen between each lap. May compress pile of laps in hydraulic press to remove specific amount of moisture. May assist in threading pulp sheet through press rolls and in other duties.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

539.687-010 WINDER HELPER (paper & pulp)

    Performs any combination of following tasks in papermaking: Places cardboard roll core on steel shaft, and positions shaft on winding reel, using hoist. Threads paper through drier and calender rolls, and wraps end around roll core. Observes paper winding on roll, and flags defects with colored chalk mark or by inserting paper strip in roll. Lifts full rolls from winding reel onto dolly, using hoist, and pushes them to finishing area. Turns valves to spray steam, air, and water on paper in preparation for calendering. Pulls broke from drier and calender rolls. Cleans calender rolls, using hand scraper, solvent, and rags. Turns handwheel to adjust tension on paper. Assists MACHINE-CLOTHING REPLACER (paper & pulp) 629.361-010 in changing papermaking machine clothing, such as wire-mesh belts and wet and dry felts. Oils and greases machine. Cleans wire-mesh belt, wet felt, and machine frame, using water hose, airhose, soap, brushes, and rags. May inflate shaft designed to grip inside of roll core and prevent slipping of paper while winding. May push rolls of paper into position on scales for weighing and mark rolls of paper for shipment, using stencil and stencil brush.
GOE: 06.04.14 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 82

54 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF PETROLEUM, COAL, NATURAL AND MANUFACTURED GAS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS

    This division includes occupations concerned with the post-extraction phases involved in preparing for commercial use the products of oil shales, oil and gas wells, and coal mines. Includes preparing and refining petroleum and recovering refinery byproducts; manufacturing asphalt and tar paving mixtures and blocks and asphalt felts and coatings; preparing and manufacturing gaseous, liquid, and solid fuels including coke, coke-oven byproducts, and commercial gas; and processing tars for the chemical industry. Occupations concerned with treating wood are included in Division 56.

540 MIXING AND BLENDING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with combining and mingling materials to produce a single mass.

540.382-010 COMPOUNDER (petrol. refin.)

    Controls equipment to blend specified oils and additives to obtain oils possessing specified characteristics: Reads specifications to determine batch characteristics and type and weight of ingredients to be used. Selects and weighs industrial, automotive, and special lubricating oils, and additives, such as antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, detergents, dispersants, pour-point depressants, foam inhibitors, and viscosity-index improvers. Turns valves and pours ingredients to fill mixer and pump containers. Starts equipment and adjusts temperature, time, and speed controls to blend ingredients, adding additional ingredients during blending cycle as specified. Records type and quantity of materials used.
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

540.462-010 BLENDER (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: gasoline finisher; lead blender

    Controls equipment to blend straight run or natural gasoline with chemicals, tetra-ethyl leads, and light distillates of crude oil to produce commercial fuel, according to formula: Reads blending schedules to determine specified components and quantities to be blended. Turns controls to open valves and starts pumps or notifies STILL-PUMP OPERATOR (petrol. refin.) to transfer gasoline to blending tanks. Computes amount of additives or sets weighing machine that automatically weighs quantities of additives in ratio to quantity of gasoline. Turns handwheels to open valves and spray jets to admit and circulate specified quantities of gasolines, additives, and chemicals in mixing tanks. Moves controls of pumps, agitators, and mixers to blend mixture mechanically or with air agitation. Observes temperature gauges and turns valves to regulate and maintain specified temperature in tanks. Draws sample of mixture for laboratory analysis. Repeats blending process as required by laboratory recommendations, or starts pumps to draw off blended gasoline to storage tanks or leading racks. Opens valves to draw off chemical and lead residue. Records quantity blended and materials used. May lubricate, adjust, and repair pumps, agitators, and mixers. May test products [TESTER (petrol. refin.)]. May operate control panels utilizing electronic computers and controls, to blend products in pipelines (inline blending). May be designated according to type of additive as Ethyl Blender (petrol. refin.). May blend asphalt with petroleum products to improve their quality, viscosity, and performance and be designated Asphalt Blender (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

540.585-010 MIXER OPERATOR, CARBON PASTE (elec. equip.; smelt. & refin.)

    Tends machines that mix ground coke, coal, anode butts, and pitch into carbon paste and press paste into anodes or electrodes: Sets automatic scale and steam regulator to specified weight and pressure. Opens hopper valves to load specified amounts of coke, coal, butts, and pitch scales into batch car. Starts equipment and charges mixer with mixing ingredients. Turns valve to admit liquid pitch into mixer. Records charging and discharging time of mixer. Periodically inspects system to verify consistency of carbon paste and dimensions of anodes or electrodes emerging from press. Records data for each batch processed. May lubricate and perform minor repair on machines. May tend machine that grinds material for electrodes [GRINDER, CARBON PLANT (smelt. & refin.)]. May tend machines, using panelboard, and be designated Carbon-Paste-Mixer Operator, Panelboard (elec. equip.; smelt. & refin.).
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

540.686-010 COMPOUNDER HELPER (petrol. refin.)

    Assists COMPOUNDER (petrol. refin.) in blending oils: Gauges supply of oil in tanks. Segregates and dumps barrels of oil into respective tanks. Takes samples of blended oil to laboratory for analysis. Loads and unloads tank cars [LOADER (any industry) I]. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

540.687-010 SEAL MIXER (elec. equip.) alternate titles: seal-mixing operator

    Mixes ingredients according to formula to compound seal used to attach covers to storage-battery containers: Weighs specified amounts of ingredients, using gram scale, and dumps ingredients into pail. Starts mechanical mixer. Lifts pail manually to sink mixer blades into ingredients. Determines when ingredients are mixed and lowers pail. Pours mixture into metal cylinders for use in hydraulic extrusion press. Cleans equipment, using water and brushes. May adjust and clean extrusion press, using handtools, brushes, and water. May carry covers and seal to extrusion press.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

541 FILTERING, STRAINING, AND SEPARATING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with separating desirable materials by means of filtering, straining, sifting, squeezing, centrifugal force, or agitating devices.

541.362-010 DESULFURIZER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: gas desulphurizer

    Controls equipment, such as vats, thionizer tower, absorbing tower, and autoclave, arranged in series to recover sulfur from coke-oven gas: Turns valve to admit coke-oven gas into absorbing tower. Starts pumps that force solution containing arsenic compound and soda ash through tower. Pumps resulting foul solution into thionizer tower, and admits compressed air to precipitate sulfur and form froth which overflows into tank. Filters slurry [FILTER OPERATOR (any industry)], and washes salts from caked sulfur. Melts sulfur in autoclave, and casts it into pans. Determines alkalinity of absorbing solution by titration tests, and directs helper to add soda ash or arsenic compound. Observes meters and gauges to control temperature of solution. Punches dirt from holes in absorbing tower sprays with bar, and lubricates equipment.
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

541.362-014 PUMP OPERATOR, BYPRODUCTS (steel & rel.) alternate titles: pump tender; tar-and-ammonia pump operator

    Operates equipment to cool, condense, and separate tar and ammonia from coke-oven gas and pump separated substances to specified locations: Turns valves to transfer materials from collecting mains through cooler, scrubbers, and $T3decanter.$T1 Starts pumps, reads gauges and thermometers, and adjusts valves to regulate temperatures, pressures, and rate of flow of gas, tar, ammonia liquor, and water. Observes flow of tar from decanter and manually adjusts seal to alter level of interface between tar and liquor and regulate liquor settling time. Pumps gas to next process, tar to storage tanks, and liquor to collecting mains or to liquor storage tanks. Records temperature, pressures, and amount of tar and liquor pumped. Repairs pipes, using handtools. Turns valves to bypass equipment requiring repair or cleaning. May flush interior of coils with hot ammonia liquor to remove tar. May adjust and lubricate floats, valves, and other equipment, using handtools and lubricating equipment.
GOE: 06.02.17 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

541.382-010 COAL WASHER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: coal-washer tender; wash-box operator; washer operator

    Operates equipment to size and wash coal for shipment or further processing: Starts equipment, such as launders, tables, shakers, sizing screens, and conveyors. Regulates flow of coal and water to separate coal from slate, rock, and other foreign material and transfers cleaned and sized coal to loading chutes or storage. Observes equipment, gauges, and indicator lights and adjusts equipment to ensure maximum cleanliness of product. May lubricate and repair equipment and replace parts, using handtools. May test refuse samples to determine coal content, using scales to weigh material precipitated from sample by chemical reaction.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

541.382-014 CRUDE-OIL TREATER (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: dehydrator operator; production operator; pumper; treater

    Operates chemical, electrical, and centrifugal oil-treatment units to remove sediment and water from crude oil before transporting oil by pipeline to refineries: Opens valves and starts pumps to pump oil from storage tanks to treating units. Opens valves to mix specified chemicals with oil, and adjusts controls to heat mixture to specified temperature. Starts centrifugal machines that break up oil and water emulsions and drain off water. Opens valves and starts pumps to transfer oil into settling tanks where sediment is precipitated from oil. Tests sample in gravity- or centrifugal-separation machine to determine content of oil specified for pipeline transportation. Pumps treated oil into pipelines leading to refinery. Cleans and lubricates motors, pumps, and other moving parts of units. Records data, such as volume of oil treated, operating temperatures of units, and test results. May operate pumps at oil well sites [OIL PUMPER (petrol. & gas)]. May tend treating-plant equipment to remove impurities from natural gas [GAS TREATER (any industry)].
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

541.585-010 CENTRIFUGE-SEPARATOR TENDER (nonfer. metal)

    Tends centrifuge separator that purifies used coolant oils from rolling mill machines: Opens valves and starts pumps to transfer oil from machine pit tanks to holding tank. Pulls control levers to add specific amounts of sulfuric acid and water to oil. Opens valves to allow mixture to flow through centrifuge and back to pit tanks of machine. Orders supplies of oil and acid from storeroom and keeps records of solutions used. Delivers samples of purified oil to laboratory. Replaces filters in centrifuge and cleans centrifuge disks, using wire brush and rags.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

541.665-010 SHAKER TENDER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: shaker operator

    Tends shaking screen and conveyor that screen coke to specified size and load it into bins: Estimates amount of coke needed in bins. Starts conveyors and screens, and signals COKE LOADER (steel & rel.) to unload contents. Turns handwheel to adjust vibration rate of screen. Lubricates screen eccentrics and conveyors, using grease gun and oilcan. Patches screens, and assists in changing vibrator coils and splicing belts, using handtools. Cleans walks and floors, using broom and shovel.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

541.682-010 PARAFFIN-PLANT OPERATOR (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: wax pumper

    Operates filter presses to separate oil of paraffin distillate from paraffin wax: Installs filter plates, using handtools, and turns handwheel to adjust hydraulic ram pressure. Turns valve to regulate flow of chilled distillate into filter plates. Starts machine to activate hydraulic rams that squeeze oil from distillate as wax solidifies. Observes oil pressed from filter plates, and adjusts ram pressure to extract maximum amount of oil from wax. Scrapes accumulated wax from filter plates into spiral conveyor that carries it to melting pan. Turns valve to regulate flow of steam into melting pan to heat wax. Starts pump to return salvaged distillate from tank to filter press for reprocessing. May be designated according to phase of processing as Leak Operator, Paraffin Plant (petrol. refin.); Press Operator, Paraffin Plant (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

541.685-010 HEAVY-MEDIA OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

    Tends gravity device that separates coal from refuse: Tests solution in tank for specific gravity, adds pulverized magnetite, and starts oscillating rake to maintain constant density. Opens chute gate to admit coal mixture to tank. Observes coal as it floats over weir onto conveyor. Opens gate to draw off refuse that was raked into discharge chute. Recovers magnetite, drawn off with coal and refuse, from filtering device, using shovel and wheelbarrow.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

541.685-014 LEAD RECOVERER, CONTINUOUS-NAPHTHA-TREATING PLANT (petrol. refin.)

    Tends centrifuge machine to separate lead compound, used in treating gasoline, from treating solution: Starts pumps to force treating solution into cylinder of centrifuge. Starts machine and allows cylinder to revolve until cake of lead compound has separated from solution. Stops machine, if batch-type centrifuge is used, and scrapes cake from cylinder into barrel, or if continuous-type centrifuge is used, starts steam pumps to force cake and liquid from cylinder into tanks as separation progresses.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

542 DISTILLING, SUBLIMING, AND CARBONIZING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with removing or obtaining gases, condensations, or residue in stills, ovens, or retorts. Includes liquefying and then distilling natural gases.

542.130-010 SUPERVISOR, NATURAL-GAS PLANT (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: plant supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of oil field workers operating equipment, such as compressors, boilers, pumps, and dehydration vessels, to remove sediment and water from crude oil, extract natural gas, and separate natural gasoline from gas by means of heat, pressure, and chemical action. Orders flow cycles, pressures, and temperatures of petroleum to be maintained according to process involved and properties of petroleum being processed. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.06.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

542.130-014 SUPERVISOR, TAR DISTILLATION (chemical)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation of stills to distill crude oil, produce pitch, and to recover naphthalene-bearing oils and creosote oils. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Analyzes laboratory reports and test results of materials, and orders process changes as required. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

542.132-010 SUPERVISOR, BYPRODUCTS (steel & rel.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in processing coke-oven gas to obtain byproducts: Directs workers in separating ammonia and tar from gas, scrubbing gas to obtain light-oil, and recovering and refining benzol, toluol, and xylol from light-oil. Studies production reports and orders changes in temperature and circulation rates to produce product of specified quality. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

542.132-014 SUPERVISOR, OVENS (steel & rel.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in carbonizing coal to obtain coke and byproducts. Assigns duties to workers according to production schedules. Examines machinery, equipment, and finished coke and directs changes in process to promote efficiency and produce product of specified quality. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

542.362-010 HEATER II (steel & rel.)

    Controls ovens to carbonize coal according to coking schedules: Removes flue caps, using hook, and determines temperature in flue and condition of nozzles by observing color of flame and using optical pyrometer. Determines type of gases in flue, using gas analyzer. Reads gauges and turns valves to regulate flow of fuel gas and air and maintain specified temperatures in flues. Observes gauges and adjusts weights on governor to maintain specified gas pressure in collecting main. Cleans plugged gas nozzles, using poker. Inspects airflow and gas-reversing mechanisms, and adjusts or repairs equipment, using handtools. Inspects finished coke visually or with pyrometers for temperature and quality, as it is pushed from oven, and adjusts temperature of oven accordingly. Prepares daily reports from gauges and pyrometer readings, noting changes in pressure or temperature. Repairs ovens, using handtools and spray gun.
GOE: 06.02.17 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

542.362-014 REFINERY OPERATOR HELPER (petrol. refin.)

    Assists REFINERY OPERATOR (petrol. refin.) in distillation and processing of crude and refined oil: Patrols area and inspects equipment, such as furnaces, distilling units, lines, and pumps, to detect malfunctions and leakage. Reads flowmeters and temperature and pressure gauges, and records data. Adjusts control instruments and dampers on oil burners to maintain specified firing conditions. Reports operating condition of units to REFINERY OPERATOR (petrol. refin.). Turns valves and switches as directed to regulate temperature, pressure, and flow rate of product; to direct flow of product to other units; to maintain specified levels of oil in tanks and towers; and to start, stop, and regulate equipment, such as pumps, compressors, and blowers. Draws samples of product from tanks and towers for laboratory testing. Gauges product in tanks and operates pumps and agitators to mix product or load it into storage tanks. Lubricates, cleans, and repairs equipment. May change recording charts and ink pens. May be designated according to type of processing unit or department as Absorption-Plant-Operator Helper (petrol. refin.); Purification-Operator Helper (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator Helper, Cracking Unit (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator Helper, Crude Unit (petrol. refin.). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

542.562-010 FURNACE OPERATOR (petrol. refin.)

    Controls operation of burners to maintain temperature in furnaces of petroleum-processing units according to specifications: Observes temperature, pressure, and flow gauges to verify operating conditions of units, and records data. Starts furnace and turns valves and switches to increase or decrease flow of fuel oil or gas to burner and still to regulate temperature according to processing schedule. Throws switches to place burner on automatic control. Examines furnace to detect overheating of walls and tubes, and leakage of still bottoms or oil tubes. Observes flame distribution and combustion conditions in furnace, color of burner flame, and gas issuing from stack, and moves air damper control to correct combustion conditions and stop flame impingements. Reports irregularities in operation to REFINERY OPERATOR (petrol. refin.). May remove and clean burners, using handtools, brusher, solvent, or steam. May change recording charts [CHART CHANGER (clerical)].
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

542.567-010 COKE INSPECTOR (steel & rel.)

    Inspects hot coke pushed from ovens and quenched coke passing on conveyor for color, texture, quality, and size: Notifies supervisor to adjust crusher for size of coke specified. Picks irregularly sized and insufficiently carbonized coke from belt and tosses it into reject hopper. Places samples in containers for laboratory testing. Records car number, carrier, tonnage, and grade of coke of each shipment. Observes conveyor belts for breaks and pulled-out lacings and notifies maintenance department.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

542.665-010 OVEN-HEATER HELPER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: heater helper

    Assists HEATER (steel & rel.) II in carbonizing coal: Turns handwheel to open and close decarbonizing caps which admit air to flues to burn carbon from gas and air nozzles. Observes pressure gauges, and notifies HEATER (steel & rel.) II if pressure varies from specified limits. Reads pyrometer to determine oven wall temperature. Cleans carbon from plugged nozzles, using poker, and replaces broken nozzles, using handtools. Turns handwheel in emergency to operate automatic reversing machinery. Cleans and lubricates equipment. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

542.667-010 WHARF TENDER (steel & rel.)

    Signals HOT-CAR OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to dump coke onto wharf. Quenches hot spots in dumped coke, using water hose, to prevent burning of conveyor belt. Pushes and pulls lever gates to control flow of coke from wharf onto conveyor belt. Shovels spilled coke onto conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

542.685-010 PLANT OPERATOR, CHANNEL PROCESS (chemical)

    Tends series of burners, located in channel-process burner buildings (hot houses), that produce carbon black by contact of gas flame with collecting channels, from which deposited carbon is scraped: Turns valves to regulate flow of gas or mixture of gas and oil to burners to produce flames that deposit carbon black on channels (flat surfaces). Turns handwheel to bring channels into contact with flame. Opens and closes doors at sides and ends of burner building to regulate draft and compensate for changes in atmospheric conditions, air-fuel mixtures, draft, and fuel consumption. Observes, through building ports, accumulation of carbon black, automatic scraping of accumulation from channel, and flow of carbon black through conveyors to detect malfunction of burners and scrapers and to verify production rate.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

542.685-014 SUBLIMER (chemical)

    Tends equipment that sublimates (refines by vaporization) crude salicylic acid derived from coal tar: Weighs specified amount of salicylic acid and dumps it onto conveyor leading to sublimation unit. Starts fans that circulate heated air in unit to promote vaporization of salicylic acid. Starts pump to draw salicylic-acid vapor through filters into condenser tanks where salicylic acid recrystallizes. Keeps daily production records.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

542.685-018 UNIT OPERATOR (chemical) alternate titles: plant-operator helper

    Tends equipment in furnace-process plant that produces carbon black by partial combustion of crude oil, natural gas, or mixture of both: Starts individual units, such as reactors (furnaces), quenchers, precipitators, cyclones (grit collectors), pumps, compressors, and conveyors. Turns valves to regulate flow of water in quencher, feed rate of fuel and air, and movement of accumulated carbon black through equipment, as directed by PLANT OPERATOR, FURNACE PROCESS (chemical). Observes gauges and meters to verify specified temperature, pressure, and flow rates of materials. Opens inspection ports and observes flow of product through conveyors to detect jamming.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

543 DRYING, HEATING, AND MELTING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with subjecting materials to heat in order to warm, melt, dry, char, purify, or concentrate them.

543.362-010 OIL BOILER (tex. prod., nec)

    Controls kettles to boil oil to specified viscosity for use in making coated textile material: Pumps oil into kettle. Lights burner with torch and monitors burners and temperature gauges to ensure that specified oil temperature is maintained. Adds chemicals to facilitate drying when coating is applied to cloth, and stirs mixture, using paddle. Draws sample of oil and feels oil with fingers to estimate viscosity. Marks oil temperature and time of reading on chart for laboratory use. Pumps oil to and from kettle through water-cooled coils to maintain specified temperature and viscosity. Collects sample of oil for laboratory viscosity verification. Pumps oil to storage tank. Records amount of oil used and amount remaining in tanks.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

543.382-010 DRIER OPERATOR (utilities)

    Operates battery of driers that remove moisture from coal to facilitate pulverization: Pulls chain to open gate and allow coal to enter drier. Opens dampers to admit hot gas and permit exit of cool gas. Adjusts dampers to regulate amount of gas applied to coal, observing thermometers to ensure adherence to drying specifications. Controls fan on draft line to regulate force of draft. Pulls chain to open gate at bottom of drier, upon completion of drying process, to transfer coal to pulverizer. Cleans drier by removing doors and prying or knocking off coal clinging to sides of drier on supply and exit lines.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

543.562-010 CARBON-FURNACE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

    Operates pit furnace to bake carbon-block anodes (electrodes) to remove volatile matter and increase electrical conductivity: Lights burner and adjusts fuel and water valves, manifold damper, and head covers to regulate temperature in furnace. Observes gauges and records water and fuel pressures. Measures flue and pit temperatures, using optical pyrometer. Inspects and maintains pumps, motors, fans, gas scrubber system, and pipelines. Signals CARBON-FURNACE-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.) to prepare alternate pits for furnace changeover to maintain baking schedule.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

543.664-010 CARBON-FURNACE-OPERATOR HELPER (smelt. & refin.)

    Assists CARBON-FURNACE OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.) in baking carbon anodes in pit furnaces: Disconnects water and fuel lines from equipment after baking cycle. Hooks cable to portable burner, blower, and exhaust manifold, and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 to lift equipment from fired pit and lower it into alternate pit. Replaces gas main covers, flue lids, and port plates on vacated pit. Cleans and installs cloth dustbags and vaporizer in headwall and burner respectively, and connects water and fuel hoses, using handtools. Fills expansion joints, flue cracks, gas connections, and pitholes with mortar or coke, using trowel and shovel. Dumps and spreads coke on pit, using overhead hoist and shovel. Regulates dampers and turns valves on fuel lines as directed. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

543.666-010 FURNACE WORKER (elec. equip.)

    Loads green electrodes in gas or electric furnaces, packs them with insulating materials for firing, and cools and unloads them after processing, working as member of furnace crew: Dumps, levels, and tamps mixture of coke, sand, and sawdust on furnace bed. Attaches sling to individual electrodes, and signals OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010 in positioning electrodes in furnace. Spreads coke over each layer of electrodes and tamps coke between electrodes to insulate them until specified number and layers of electrodes are loaded. Spreads insulating mixture uniformly over top of charge. Positions brick side blocks on side of furnace with aid of crane operator. Signals crane operator in hoisting $T3bus bars$T1 into place on electric furnace, and bolts bars to feeders and to furnace terminals. Removes bus bars and side blocks after processing (graphitizing or baking) and pokes hole in insulating mix to observe color of electrodes. Refills and tamps insulating mix in hole to prevent oxidation if charge is cooking too rapidly; or rakes, hoes, or shovels insulating mix from charge and quenches charge with water to speed cooling. Shovels mixture into pile for reprocessing. Attaches sling to processed electrodes and signals crane operator to remove them from furnace. Cleans residue from electrodes, using airhose. May be designated according to duty performed as Furnace Cooler (elec. equip.); Furnace Loader (elec. equip.); Furnace Packer (elec. equip.); Furnace Unloader (elec. equip.).
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

543.682-010 COKE BURNER (steel & rel.)

    Controls beehive coke ovens in which coal is carbonized to produce coke of specified quality: Turns valves to maintain specified temperature in oven and control rate of formation of coke. Measures temperature of melting coal in each oven with optical pyrometer. Determines when coke is ready for drawing, according to color and length of flame in oven.
GOE: 06.02.17 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

543.682-014 DRIER OPERATOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: coal-drier operator; furnace operator; kiln operator

    Controls one or more furnaces or kilns and auxiliary drying equipment to dry coal or ore before or after washing, milling, or pelletizing: Fires furnace or kiln, observes gauges, and adjusts controls to maintain specified temperature. Starts conveyor that feeds materials into drying equipment. Observes operation to detect plugging of equipment, and dislodges material, using crowbar. Observes color of materials to determine moisture content, and adjusts temperature or drying time. Cleans and repairs equipment. May shovel in additives. May weigh and compare samples. May keep production records.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

543.682-018 FURNACE OPERATOR (elec. equip.)

    Controls continuous-feed gas, oil, or electric ovens to harden coated electric welding rods: Turns controls to light burners, open steam valves, and start blowers and conveyor lines. Dumps ink into pot and turns positioning screws on ink rolls to mark rods. Observes gauges and adjusts controls to maintain specified conveyor speed and heat and humidity in each baking zone. Observes coated welding rod to detect tool wear or coating flaws and reports findings to supervisor.
GOE: 06.04.10 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

543.682-022 PARAFFIN-PLANT-SWEATER OPERATOR (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: sweater operator

    Operates sweater tank to separate liquid from slack wax (processed paraffin distillate): Pumps charge of slack wax into sweater tank. Opens valves to circulate cold water through sweater to cool slack wax. Opens and closes steam valves and reads temperature gauges to sweat (heat) cooled wax at specified temperature levels for specified periods. Turns valves to divert cuts (waxes of different boiling points and specific gravities) to storage tank after completion of each run. Takes samples and observes melting point of each cut at regular intervals. Opens valves to admit steam into sweater tank to melt wax residue when run is completed. Drains melted wax residue from sweater into storage tank.
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

543.682-026 STILL OPERATOR (build. mat., nec)

    Controls equipment that heats asphalt to specified temperature and viscosity for use in manufacture of roofing materials: Starts pumps that fill tanks with asphalt, and turns wheels and valves to regulate temperature and steam pressure. Actuates air compressor to force air bubbles through liquid asphalt, creating chemical reaction that raises asphalt melting point. Observes and adjusts dials and gauges to maintain specified temperature, pressure, and depth of asphalt in tanks. Starts discharge pumps, and turns valves to direct flow of heated asphalt into plant and storage tanks.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

543.684-010 QUALITY-CONTROL TESTER (fabrication, nec)

    Tests charcoal briquettes at end of processing to verify conformance to specifications: Removes bag of briquettes from packaging line periodically and carries briquettes to testing laboratory. Grinds specified quantity of briquettes, using hand grinder, places grounds into moisture-testing equipment, and observes moisture meter to determine moisture content of sample. Saturates stacked briquettes with fire-starter fluid, ignites briquettes, and observes burning characteristics of briquettes and time required for white ash to form over briquette surfaces. Places prescribed number of briquettes in burner pot, ignites briquettes, and observes heat sensor dial to determine temperature released by burning briquettes. Weighs briquettes. Records test results on test report forms.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

543.685-010 BULLET-LUBRICANT MIXER (ordnance)

    Tends steam-heated kettle that melts wax and other ingredients to make compound for lubricating lead bullets: Weighs specified amounts of ingredients and loads them into kettle. Turns valve to regulate heat and stirs mixture with wooden paddle. Drains melted compound from kettle into molds. Empties cooled molds and stores cakes in bins. Conveys compound to production departments to fill requisitions, using handtruck.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

543.685-014 DRIER TENDER (fabrication, nec) alternate titles: drier attendant

    Tends drying equipment that removes moisture from fuel briquettes to harden them after shaping: Turns steam valves and observes gauges to regulate temperature and humidity in drying chamber. Presses button to start hot-air blowers to dehydrate briquettes. Turns handwheel to control speed and amount of material passing through drying chamber. Examines and feels samples to determine if briquettes meet hardness standards. Observes dial on moisture-checking machine to verify dryness.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

543.685-018 OVEN TENDER (elec. equip.)

    Tends gas or electric furnaces that bake carbon rods, such as those used for commutator brushes, resistors, and switches, to harden them: Inserts carbon rods into ceramic containers and loads containers into furnaces. Regulates furnace temperature by turning gas valves or electric controls according to specifications. Shuts off heat after specified time. Unloads furnace after cooling.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

543.685-022 THAW-SHED HEATER TENDER (steel & rel.)

    Tends heating units that thaw frozen materials, such as coal and coke, in railroad cars: Pushes buttons to start fuel-feed pumps, heater, and exhaust and air-volume fans. Lights oil burner, and opens valve of fuel line to heating unit in shed where cars are placed. Lubricates and adjusts equipment, such as pump and fan bearings. Cleans working area and equipment with airhose.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

543.687-010 COKE DRAWER, HAND (steel & rel.)

    Performs any combination of following duties involved in emptying coke oven: Scrapes coke from coke oven, using iron rod (scraper). Forks coke onto conveyor that dumps coke in railroad cars. Picks foreign matter, such as slate and slag, from coke on conveyor. May fork coke into wheelbarrow and push wheelbarrow to railroad cars. May apply brakes or place car-stop to hold railroad cars under coke-pushing machine. May place firebrick doors in oven doorframe, using overhead hoist, to close oven. May seal doors of ovens, using firebricks and loam.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

543.687-014 OVEN DAUBER (steel & rel.) alternate titles: dauber; luter; paster

    Performs any combination of following tasks involved in sealing coke-oven doors with lute (mud made from clay, coke dust or ashes, and water) to prevent escape of gases during baking of coal: Shovels mud into mud carrier and transfers mud pails to ovens. Chips old clay, carbon, and residue from doorway of oven, using chisel bar. Seals crack around oven door with mud, using trowel and tamping bar. Shovels dry clay into dry-clay box on pusher or into wheelbarrow. Shovels excess mud, oven spillage, and coal from working area. Opens and closes chuckhole door, using handwheel and lever. May open oven, using bar, and manually position coke guide in doorway. May signal LARRY OPERATOR (steel & rel.) to charge oven. May push buttons to move electric mud car.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

544 GRINDING AND CRUSHING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with reducing materials to smaller particles, such as granules, grits, powder, or paste, by means of compression, smashing, cutting, or a combination of these.

544.565-010 GRINDER, CARBON PLANT (smelt. & refin.)

    Tends machine that grinds and blends coke according to specifications: Sets mill gauge to specified fineness of grind. Starts conveyors and screening and grinding equipment. Moves gate levers to regulate flow of raw coke into machine, and processed coke to mixer or packing-material hopper. Turns valve to regulate moisture content of material. Opens gauge valves to fill buckets under hopper spouts, attaches crane cable to buckets, and signals RIGGER (any industry) to remove them. Weighs materials at specified intervals, using platform scales, and records data. Observes operation to ensure continuity of flow and to detect malfunctioning. May tend machine that mixes materials for electrodes [MIXER OPERATOR, CARBON PASTE (elec. equip.; smelt. & refin.)].
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

544.582-010 CRUSHER-AND-BLENDER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: pulverizer operator

    Operates machines and equipment to crush and blend coal of various compositions to obtain specified mixture used in producing coke: Turns valve to admit oil to mixer. Starts hammer mill, mixer, and conveyor equipped with harrow disks. Moves lever to adjust blade on feed tables to deliver coal to mixer. Observes operation of machines to detect malfunctioning, clogging, and unevenness of flow. Frees clogged coal by striking side of hopper with mallet. Adjusts or replaces screens and hammers in mill, using handtools. Observes meters, gauges, and thermometer, and records temperature, oil consumption, tonnage mixed, and operating time. Cleans work areas, using broom. May open valves and start pumps to unload oil trucks. May test pulverized coal for conformance to specifications. May crush specific composition of coal (without blending) and be designated Coal-Pulverizer Operator (any industry).
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

544.585-010 MIX-CRUSHER OPERATOR (elec. equip.)

    Tends mechanical crusher to crush and screen, for reuse, insulating mixture from electrical furnaces in which carbon is graphitized: Breaks mixture to size with pick. Shovels mixture into hopper of crusher. Starts crusher and conveyor belts that carry crushed and screened mixture to storage bins. Marks bins as to types of mixture stored. Adjusts and cleans conveyors and screen vibrators.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

544.662-010 COKE-CRUSHER OPERATOR (steel & rel.)

    Operates crushers, conveyors, and screens to produce crushed coke of various sizes: Moves levers and buttons to activate equipment. Pushes belt conveyor into position to load or unload hoppers, railroad gondolas, and trucks. Pushes buttons to adjust stops on conveyor to deflect and regulate flow of coke into crusher, screens, or storage bins. Observes operation of equipment to detect malfunctions and prevent clogging. Notifies supervisor of needed repairs. Shovels coke back onto conveyor belt.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

544.665-010 MILL-AND-COAL-TRANSPORT OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: coal-transport-and-mill operator; mill operator

    Tends equipment that pulverizes coal and conveys it to storage bins or boiler feed hoppers: Signals DRIER OPERATOR (utilities) to send dried coal to mill, and closes switch to set mill in operation. Moves levers to adjust automatic mechanism that controls feed rate of coal into pulverizing mill. Tends conveyors or pneumatic bulk-conveyor system to move pulverized coal to storage bins or boiler feed hoppers. Cleans, oils, and makes minor adjustments to machinery.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

544.685-010 BREAKER TENDER (steel & rel.)

    Tends machine that breaks coal into lumps of specified size preparatory to pulverizing: Starts steel drum containing coal revolving to tumble, break, and pass coal through perforations in drum. Starts conveyors to transfer coal to and from breaker machine. Observes flow of material on conveyor to detect and remove foreign material and clear jams. Removes metal from pocket of magnetic separator. Lubricates breaker machine with grease gun and oilcan. Cleans work area, using shovel and broom. May assist with repair work.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

546 REACTING OCCUPATIONS, N.E.C.

    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with changing the chemical composition of petroleum, coal, natural and manufactured gas, and related products.

546.382-010 CONTROL-PANEL OPERATOR (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: operator, control room

    Operates control panel to regulate temperature, pressure, rate of flow, and tank level in petroleum refining, processing, and treating units and petro-chemical units, according to process schedules: Observes instruments and meters to verify specified conditions and records readings. Moves and adjusts dials, switches, valves, and levers on control panel to regulate and coordinate process variables, such as flows, temperatures, pressures, vacuum, time, catalyst, and chemicals as specified. Reports malfunctioning equipment to REFINERY OPERATOR (petrol. refin.). Records results of laboratory analyses. May test products for chemical characteristics and color, or send them to laboratory for analysis. May change recording charts and ink pens [CHART CHANGER (clerical)]. May operate auxiliary equipment to assist in distilling or treating operations. May lubricate equipment. May be designated according to type of unit or process as Control-Panel Operator, Cracking Unit (petrol. refin.); Control-Panel Operator, Crude Unit (petrol. refin.); Control-Panel Operator, Polymerization Unit (petrol. refin.); Control Panel Operator, Solvent-Treating Unit (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

546.385-010 GAS TREATER (any industry)

    Tends automatically controlled treating plant, consisting of $T3absorption towers,$T1 actifiers, heat exchangers, pumps, and other auxiliary devices, that removes unwanted components and renders gas suitable for use as fuel: Observes gauges and meters to ascertain operating conditions and adjusts valves and controls accordingly. Performs chemical tests on treating materials. Adds chemicals to treating system as required. Observes safety precautions to prevent fires and explosions.
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

549 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF PETROLEUM, COAL, NATURAL AND MANUFACTURED GAS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS, N.E.C.

    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with preparing for commercial use the products of oil shales, oil and gas wells, and coal mines.

549.130-010 SUPERVISOR, TOWER (petrol. refin.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operation of stills and related units, such as absorbers, debutanizers, catalyst hoppers, reboilers, heat and vapor exchangers, desalters, clay towers, stabilizers, furnaces, strippers, and desulfurizers, in which crude oil and resultant distillates are processed to separate and recover various petroleum products: Confers with laboratory personnel to plan production schedules and to determine temperatures, pressures, rates of flow, and tank levels required for control of process. Directs refining operations in assigned units through REFINERY OPERATOR (petrol. refin.). Reviews recording-instrument and flowmeter charts, logsheets, and laboratory analysis reports to verify control of process. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.131-010 SUPERVISOR, NATURAL-GAS-FIELD PROCESSING (petrol. & gas; pipe lines)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in sampling and testing natural gas, and controlling processing equipment at oil field installations: Directs workers in inspection of storage tanks, regulators, traps, and dehydration plants. Orders sample taking and field testing to determine specific gravity, vapor and hydrocarbon content, and other properties of gas and to verify suitability of boiler water used in gas processing equipment. Confers with workers to resolve operational problems. Revises field maps to show locations of gas processing and control equipment. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.132-010 GREASE MAKER, HEAD (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: supervisor, grease making

    Supervises and coordinates activities of GREASE MAKERS (petrol. refin.) engaged in producing various grades of lubricating grease, performing duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

549.132-014 SUPERVISOR III (fabrication, nec)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in drying, pulverizing, mixing, and pressing ingredients used to produce fuel briquettes: Feels fuel mixture to estimate moisture content. Observes reading on hygrometer to determine humidity of atmosphere, and specified temperature for drier and flow rate of material. Inspects finished product and takes sample for pressure test. Specifies changes in percentage of binder to bring product to specified quality level. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.132-018 SUPERVISOR, COAL HANDLING (steel & rel.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in unloading, stacking, reclaiming, crushing, and blending coal and delivering coal to ovens. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.132-022 SUPERVISOR, COKE HANDLING (steel & rel.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in quenching, conveying, sizing, inspecting, storing, and loading coke, and repairing machinery and equipment. Trains workers in operation of equipment. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

549.132-026 SUPERVISOR, PASTE PLANT (steel & rel.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding, mixing, and baking coke and pitch to produce carbon anodes: Reviews production schedules and confers with supervisory staff to plan shift operation of paste plant and bakeshop. Assigns duties to workers according to production schedules and demonstrates safe and efficient use of equipment. Inspects machinery and equipment to verify conformance to production standards. Prepares time, attendance, and production reports. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.132-030 SUPERVISOR, PURIFICATION (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: chief operator, hydroformer; chief operator; extraction supervisor; fractionation operator, head; fractionation supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in operating superfractionation towers, absorbers, stabilizers, rerun towers, naphtha-desulfurizing units, caustic-wash units, separators, catalytic reactors, furnaces, stripper towers, and auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, engines, and compressors to separate light naphtha blends from crude naphtha, compound hydroformates from light naphtha, and extract products, such as benzene, toluene, and xylene from hydroformates: Coordinates operation of various units in system, according to run sheets, test books, order books, logbooks, gauge sheets, and pumping reports. Observes recording-instrument charts, flowmeters, and gauges to verify specified temperatures, pressures, flow rates, and liquid levels. Correlates instrument readings and tesst results to diagnose process malfunctions. Inspects equipment and cathodic-protection system to detect defects and malfunctions, such as excessive wear, overheating, and leaks. Directs workers in spraying catalyst beds with steam to regenerate catalyst. Trains workers in procedures for correcting malfunctions in equipment. Prepares bills of lading and manifests, inspects tank cars and tank trucks for cleanliness, and directs loading of cars and trucks to ship product. May be designated according to product as Supervisor, Benzene-Refining (petrol. refin.). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.132-034 SUPERVISOR, TREATING AND PUMPING (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: treating and pumping supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in treating petroleum products with chemicals, steam, water, or air to remove sulfur and other impurities, in blending products to specification, and in pumping products to storage tanks, loading racks, and other processing units: Inspects treating and pumping units to verify specified temperatures and pressures. Reads logsheets, gauging records, and laboratory test reports to verify conformity of product to production schedules and specifications. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

549.137-010 SUPERVISOR, CARBON ELECTRODES (steel & rel.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in extruding, baking, graphitizing, and preparing graphite electrodes for shipment: Gives instructions to workers concerning formulas and amounts of materials to use, and type and size of electrodes to extrude, bake, graphitize, or prepare for shipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to department as Supervisor, Baking (steel & rel.); Supervisor, Extrusion (steel & rel.); Supervisor, Graphite (steel & rel.).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

549.137-014 SUPERVISOR, PREPARATION PLANT (mine & quarry) alternate titles: breaker boss; tipple supervisor; washery boss

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in crushing, sizing, cleaning, treating, or loading coal, stone, or other minerals at tipple or preparation plant: Receives daily reports of quantity and grade of materials to be loaded into railroad cars or trucks. Transmits loading orders to equipment operators and loading crew. Observes activities of workers to ensure that impurities and materials of unspecified size are extracted. Directs operation of crushers, pumps, and furnaces, and assists workers with faulty equipment. Inspects processing and loading equipment and schedules necessary maintenance. Computes daily production from weight of loaded cars or trucks. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.137-018 SUPERVISOR, SPECIALTY PLANT (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: loading supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in blending, compounding, packing, loading, and shipping special petroleum products, such as asphalt paints, paint primer, mastics, and lighter fluid: Confers with department heads to coordinate work of department with sales, billing, and other refinery activities. Plans blending schedules to maintain stock of standard products and computes blends from standard formulas. Writes shipping orders for loading tank cars and trucks. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.260-010 REFINERY OPERATOR (petrol. refin.)

    Analyzes specifications and controls continuous operation of petroleum refining and processing units to produce products, such as gasoline, kerosene, and fuel and lubricating oils, by such methods as distillation, absorption, extraction, adsorption, thermal and catalytic cracking and reforming, polymerization, isomerization, coking, visbreaking, and alkylation: Reads processing schedules, operating logs, test results of oil samples, and laboratory recommendations to determine changes in equipment controls required to produce specified quantity and quality of product. Moves and sets controls, such as knobs, valves, switches, levers, and index arms, on control panels to control process variables, such as flows, temperatures, pressures, vacuum, time, catalyst, and chemicals, by automatic regulation and remote control of processing units, such as heaters, furnaces, compressors, exchangers, reactors, quenchers, stabilizers, fractionators, rechargers, absorbers, strippers, debutanizers, stills, and towers [CONTROL-PANEL OPERATOR (petrol. refin.)]. Moves controls to regulate valves, pumps, compressors, and auxiliary equipment to direct flow of product. Reads temperature and pressure gauges and flowmeters, records readings, and compiles operating records. Determines malfunctioning units by observing control instruments, such as meters and gauges, or by automatic warning signals, such as lights and sounding of horns. Inspects equipment to determine location and nature of malfunction, such as leaks, breakages, and faulty valves. Determines need for schedules and performs repair and maintenance of equipment. Patrols unit to verify safe and efficient operating conditions. May sample liquids and gases [SAMPLER (petrol. refin.)] and test products for chemical characteristics and color [TESTER (petrol. refin.)]. May inspect and adjust furnaces, heaters, and damper controls. May lubricate equipment. May clean interior of processing units by circulating chemicals and solvents through them. May treat products [TREATER (petrol. refin.)]. May control activities of several processing units operated in conjunction. May be designated according to process involved or plant operated as Absorption Plant Operator (petrol. refin.); Purification Operator (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Cracking Unit (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Polymerization Plant (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Reforming Unit (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Visbreaking (petrol. refin.). May be designated: Refinery Operator, Alkylation (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Coking (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Crude Unit (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Gas Plant (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Light-Ends Recovery (petrol. refin.); Refinery Operator, Vapor Recovery Unit (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 06.01.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

549.261-010 MECHANICAL INSPECTOR (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: inspector

    Inspects processing and storage tanks, pipelines and fittings, stills, towers, and pumping units for defects, following specified inspection procedures: Examines mechanical installations, instrumentation, valves, and fittings for defects, such as cracks, corrosion, and leaks. Measures thickness of tank walls, tower walls, and pipelines, using calipers and electronic instruments, to determine extent of corrosive damage. Drills test holes in tank and tower walls to take samples of corrosive deposits and verify extent of damage. Installs probes and other instruments in tanks and towers to obtain samples of corrosive deposits and to measure rate of corrosion. Computes rate of corrosion from laboratory analysis of probe samples, using mathematical tables and charts. Reports need for immediate repairs to mechanical department. Prepares inspection reports to indicate nature of repairs and replacements required and to specify safe limits of temperature and pressure to follow pending repair of unit. Inspects construction and installation of new mechanical equipment for conformity to specifications. May inspect operating condition of firefighting equipment. May be designated according to equipment inspected as Still And Tank Inspector (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 05.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.360-010 PUMPER (petrol. refin.)

    Controls pumps and manifold systems to circulate crude, semiprocessed, and finished petroleum products, water, and chemical solutions through processing, storage, and shipping departments of refinery, according to schedules: Reads operating schedules or instructions from DISPATCHER, OIL (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines). Plans movement of products through lines to processing, storage, and shipping units, utilizing knowledge of interconnections and capacities of pipelines, valve manifolds, pumps, and tankage. Synchronizes activities with other pumphouses to ensure continuous flow of products and minimum of contamination between products. Starts battery of pumps, observes pressure meters and flowmeters, and turns valves to regulate pumping speeds according to schedules. Turns handwheels to open line valves and direct flow of product. Signals STILL-PUMP OPERATOR (petrol. refin.); PUMPER HELPERS (petrol. refin.); and GAUGERS (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines) by telephone or radio to operate pumps in designated units, to open and close pipeline and tank valves, and to gauge, sample, and determine temperature of tank contents. Records operating data, such as products and quantities pumped, stocks used, gauging results, and operating time. May blend oils and gasolines [BLENDER (petrol. refin.)]. May repair pumps, lines, and auxiliary equipment.
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

549.362-010 STILL-PUMP OPERATOR (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: process pumper; pump operator

    Operates steam- or electric-driven pumps to circulate crude, semiprocessed, and finished petroleum products, water, and chemical solutions through processing, storage, and shipping departments of refinery, according to work orders: Starts pumps in specified units, observes flowmeters and pressure meters, and turns valves and switches to change pumping rates, as directed by PUMPER (petrol. refin.). Turns handwheels to open or close tank and pipeline valves to direct flow of products to specified destinations. Observes operation of pumping equipment to detect malfunctioning and leakage. Lubricates cocks, valves, joints, and pumps, using oilcan and grease gun. Tightens bolts and screws to adjust and repair equipment, using handtools. Gauges contents of tank, using gauging tape. May record operating data, such as products and quantities pumped, stocks used, gauging results, and operating time. May remove sample from tank and test it for specific gravity and color. May repair and overhaul pumps [PUMP SERVICER (any industry)]. May blend oils or gasolines [BLENDER (petrol. refin.)]. May communicate with PUMPER (petrol. refin.) by radio or telephone to send and receive pumping and gauging information. May be designated according to specialty as Cooling-Tower Operator (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

549.362-014 TREATER (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: treating-plant operator

    Controls continuous-treating or batch-treating equipment to process petroleum products, such as gasoline, kerosene, and lubricating oils, with chemicals, solvents, steam, clay, and hydrogen to remove impurities and to improve color, odor, and stability, according to specifications: Moves and sets levers, switches, dials, and handwheels to admit products and treating agents to processing units in specified ratio; to direct flow of products through treating stages, such as mixing, precipitating, and neutralizing; and to regulate temperatures, pressures, and circulation rates of treating equipment. Observes temperature gauges, pressure gauges, and flowmeters; records readings; and compiles operating records. Patrols unit to detect malfunctions and leaks. Opens bleeder valves to sample products and tests them for chemical characteristics, specific gravity, and color, or sends sample to laboratory for analysis. Reprocesses products or pumps them to storage tanks, according to test results and laboratory recommendations. Opens valves to drain sludge from units. May repair and lubricate equipment. May treat products, using hydrogen-catalytic process. May operate refrigerating equipment [REFRIGERATING ENGINEER (any industry)]. May add dyes or fortifying chemicals to product [BLENDER (petrol. refin.)]. May be designated according to product treated as Crude-Oil Treater (petrol. refin.); Wax Treater (petrol. refin.); treating agent used as Acid Treater (petrol. refin.); Hydrogen Treater (petrol. refin.); plant operated as Clay-Plant Treater (petrol. refin.); Naphtha-Plant Treater (petrol. refin.); Solvent-Plant Treater (petrol. refin.); or type of operation as Batch-Unit Treater (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

549.364-010 TESTER, COMPRESSED GASES (chemical) alternate titles: compressed-gas tester; gas tester

    Tests compressed gases for moisture content, purity, ratio of gases in mixture, and cylinder pressure, using standard testing equipment and following specified procedures: Drains gas samples from tanks, or rolls cylinders to test station. Adjusts test equipment, such as volumetric moisture tester, burette, conductometer, and pressure gauges, according to type or mixture of gases as shown on chart. Records test procedures and results in log. Prepares and places identifying tags on cylinders or tanks. Notifies supervisor of deviations from specifications. May test accuracy of calibrations on pressure gauges, using dead-weight tester. May mix gases according to customer specifications. May vaporize liquid gases and fill tube trailers. May measure percentage of carbon monoxide in truck cabs, using automatic gas-metering device or by spraying chemical from syringe into atmosphere and matching degree of discoloration against color chart.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.367-010 INSPECTOR (build. mat., nec)

    Tests samples of composition shingles and rolls of coated roofing felt for conformance to specifications: Weighs bundles of shingles and rolls of roofing felt to verify gross weight with label weight, and records data on production report. Examines surface of shingles for uniformity of color, and feels slate to determine that slate is evenly distributed. Cuts strips from shingles, using knife, and actuates scratch tester to determine if slate is embedded to specifications. Calculates percentage of slate loss after scratch test, using balance scales, and notifies COATER, SLATE (build. mat., nec) of results. Measures shingles as they pass on conveyor, using tape rule. May test material samples for porosity, time required for saturation, and light-reflective characteristics, using specified test equipment.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

549.382-010 NATURAL-GAS-TREATING-UNIT OPERATOR (petrol. & gas)

    Operates automatically controlled natural-gas treating unit in oil field to render gas suitable for fuel and for pipeline transportation: Opens valves to admit gas and specified chemicals into treating vessel where moisture is absorbed and impurities removed. Adjusts controls of auxiliary equipment, such as pumps, heating coils, and cooling tower. Reads temperature and pressure gauges, and adjusts controls to keep heat and pressure at level of maximum efficiency within safe operating limits. Performs routine tests or delivers samples to laboratory to determine qualities of gas, such as Btu value, flame candlepower, and specific gravity, and proportions of elements, such as methane, propane, and natural gasoline. Drains samples of boiler water from treating unit for laboratory analysis. Adds specified chemicals to water to keep heating and cooling systems in working order. May adjust and repair gas meters and governors, using handtools [METER REPAIRER (any industry)]. May change charts on meters equipped with automatic recorders. May advise and assist workers repairing gas meters, regulators (governors), and other control instruments.
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

549.382-014 OIL-RECOVERY-UNIT OPERATOR (petrol. refin.)

    Controls processing equipment to separate recoverable oil from refinery sewage system: Starts pumps, observes flowmeters and pressure meters, and turns valves to regulate directional flow of oil, water, solids, chemicals, and air, according to operating procedures. Turns handwheels to control skimming devices that collect $T3sprung oil$T1 from reservoirs of separation units. Opens valves on steam heat-exchanger to raise temperature of skimmed oil to treating temperature. Mixes and blends caustic cleansing and demulsifying chemicals into oil to remove impurities and water. Turns valves to pump reclaimed oil to storage tanks, solids to disposal unit, and water to oxidation ponds or to separator unit for recycling. Records amount of oil reclaimed, amount of water or impurities removed, and specified data concerning operating condition of processing equipment.
GOE: 06.02.12 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.382-018 WASH-OIL-PUMP OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: light-oil operator; wash-oil-cooler operator

    Operates variety of pumps and auxiliary equipment, following standard procedures to extract light oil (crude benzol) from coke-oven gas: Turns valves and starts pumps to admit gas and wash oil to still and steam to heating coil. Reads gauges and thermometers and regulates pumps to control temperature, pressure, and rate of flow of materials. Pumps washed gas to processing station or storage. Admits steam to coil to separate light oil from wash oil. Pumps light oil to benzol plant or storage and wash oil through heat exchangers and coolers for reuse in system. Drains water and sludge from tanks. Cleans gaugelines, gauge glasses, and decanters. Records oil and water temperatures and quantity of light oil extracted.
GOE: 06.02.17 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

549.387-010 CARGO INSPECTOR (petrol. refin.; pipe lines)

    Inspects crude and refined petroleum before and after transfer from terminal tanks to ship tanks, to determine if it meets prescribed standards: Lowers sample container into ship tanks to obtain sample of oil residue and into terminal tanks to sample oil, or opens bleeder valves on pipelines to obtain sample. Determines amount and type of bottom sediment, water, and foreign substance present in oil sample, using centrifugal tester and following standard formulas. Lowers thermometer into tanks to obtain temperature reading, and determines quantity of oil in ship tanks, using calibrated tape and conversion tables. Records test results. Turns valves to close tanks, inspects valves for leaks, and clamps seal around valves to secure tank contents. Prepares, verifies, and examines cargo ladings, oil transportation records, and export records. May direct BOAT LOADER (water trans.) I in taking samples and assist in loading and unloading oil. May lubricate and adjust valves, using grease gun, oilcan, and handtools.
GOE: 05.07.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

549.585-010 ACETYLENE-PLANT OPERATOR (chemical)

    Tends generating equipment that processes calcium-carbide crystals and water into acetylene gas: Turns valves, level gauge, and thermostat to raise and heat water to prescribed level and temperature in generator. Dumps specified quantity of calcium-carbide crystals into hopper, bolts in cover, and starts generator. Opens hopper gate and starts vibrator that sifts crystals into generator. Records amount of time consumed during operation and cylinder shipping data. May tend compressor. May ascertain level of acidity or alkalinity of gas with litmus paper, and test filled cylinders for leaks by brushing on chemical solution. May fill cylinders with compressed gas [CYLINDER FILLER (chemical)].
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.587-010 COMPRESSED-GAS-PLANT WORKER (chemical)

    Performs any combination of following tasks in establishment making compressed and liquefied gas: Loads cylinders or ton containers on vehicles, using handtruck or chain hoist, and records type and quantity of cylinders. Examines returned cylinders for surface defects, such as dents, cracks, and burns, and rolls cylinders to designated work area. Removes valves and installs reconditioned valves on cylinders, using wrenches. Connects exhaust manifold to cylinders and turns valve to draw off residual gas. Bounces or hammers cylinders to loosen rust and scale, and inserts water, steam, and air nozzles and turns valves to clean and dry cylinders. Tests filled cylinders for leaks by brushing or spraying chemical solution around valve. Weighs filled cylinders on platform scale and records weight. Screws protection cap over valve and ties warning and identification tags on cylinder. Wraps cakes of dry ice in paper and stores them in icehouse. May clean cylinder exteriors with wire brush. May place cylinders on heating rack to expand gas to ensure complete removal. May be known according to work performed as Blow-Off Worker (chemical); Cylinder Handler (chemical); Cylinder Valver (chemical); Hoist-Cylinder Loader (chemical); Ice Handler (chemical); Valve Steamer (chemical). May be designated: Cylinder Checker (chemical); Cylinder Devalver (chemical); Cylinder Steamer (chemical); Ton-Container Shipper (chemical).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.587-014 SAMPLER (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: laboratory sampler

    Collects samples of petroleum products from various parts of refinery for laboratory analysis, using sample container: Samples contents of tank cars, processing units, stills, and pipelines by lowering sample container into contents at various depths, or by opening bleeder valves to release flow of products into container. Collects samples taken by other workers. Pours samples from containers into sample bottles and ties identification tags to bottles or marks identifying information on them. Delivers samples to laboratory for analysis. May convey messages between laboratory and processing units. May collect samples of other materials for laboratory analysis.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.587-018 SAMPLER (elec. equip.)

    Digs, weighs, and prepares ground samples of coal and pitch, used in making carbon electrodes, for laboratory testing: Digs sample from designated area, using shovel or sampling stick. Places samples into containers and labels or writes identifying information on containers. Weighs, crushes, screens, and reweighs materials in laboratory to prepare sample for testing. Records information pertaining to size distribution of respective materials.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.662-010 BRIQUETTE-MACHINE OPERATOR (fabrication, nec) alternate titles: briquette molder; molding-machine operator

    Operates machines and equipment to dehydrate, pulverize, mix, and mold ingredients to produce fuel briquettes: Shovels or empties sacks of materials into hoppers or bins, or starts elevator-conveyors. Turns valves, handwheels, or rheostats to move and control flow of fuels, water, and dry or liquid binders to machines. Starts conveyors, rotary drier, mixers, pulverizer, mixing augers, and compressing machines. Inspects briquettes and adjusts flow of materials to produce briquettes of specified dimensions. Removes and replaces broken bolts and worn shafts, using handtools. Lubricates machinery or directs oiling of equipment. May be designated according to type of briquette produced as Barbecue-Briquette-Machine Operator (fabrication, nec); Charcoal-Briquette-Machine Operator (fabrication, nec); Coal-Briquette-Machine Operator (fabrication, nec).
GOE: 06.02.17 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

549.665-010 ACETYLENE-CYLINDER-PACKING MIXER (chemical)

    Tends mixing machine, autoclave, and drier to mix, pack, solidify, and dry asbestos, dirt, charcoal, lime, water, and other ingredients to form absorbent packing for compressed acetylene gas: Meters out water and powdered ingredients, and dumps them into mixer. Starts agitator to mix ingredients for specified period of time. Opens chute to transfer mixture to vibrator. Clamps cylinders to vibrator, and connects funnels and packing rods to cylinders. Starts vibrator and rods that sift and pack mixture into cylinders. Weighs cylinders to ascertain amount of mixture packed. Rolls cylinders into autoclave, and turns valve to specified pressure level to solidify packing. Rolls cylinders into drier, and turns thermostat to heat cylinders. Installs valves and safety plugs on cylinders, and places them on scale. Connects acetone feedlines to cylinders, using handtools, and turns valves to fill cylinders with acetone, according to specifications.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.682-010 GREASE MAKER (petrol. refin.)

    Controls gas- or steam-heated kettles to produce various grades of lubricating grease: Pours specified quantities of ingredients, such as melted fats, mineral oils, and soda or lime base, into kettle, and starts agitator to stir mixture to required consistency. Adjusts kettle temperature controls to form basic soap from mixture. Turns off heat and adds water, dye, and various mineral oils to soap in designated proportions for emulsification. Stirs and reheats mixture to produce grease of required texture.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

549.684-010 PUMPER HELPER (petrol. refin.)

    Assists STILL-PUMP OPERATOR (petrol. refin.) and PUMPER (petrol. refin.) in pumping crude, semiprocessed, and finished petroleum products, water, and chemical solutions through processing, storage, and shipping departments of refinery: Turns valves and switches to start and regulate operation of pumping units. Turns handwheels to open and close pipeline and tankage valves to direct flow of product to destination. Inspects pumps, lines, and tankage valves for leaks and malfunctioning. Lubricates valves and pumps. Tightens connections, using wrenches. Gauges contents of tanks, using tape gauge or automatic remote-controlled gauging equipment. Takes temperature readings by lowering thermometer into tank. Draws samples of product by lowering sample container into tank or by opening bleeder valves on pipelines to draw sample. Loads barges and tank cars. May make specific gravity and color tests. May clean equipment. May use radio or telephone to communicate with PUMPER (petrol. refin.). May blend and dye gasolines, using standardized formulas, and prepare blending report. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.685-010 AIR-TABLE OPERATOR (mine & quarry)

    Tends pneumatic coal-cleaning table that blows coal dust, sulfur, and other impurities from coal as it passes through preparation plant: Starts machine and adjusts valve to regulate air pressure. Observes coal as it passes over cleaning table and removes oversized lumps, rocks, or foreign matter. Adjusts and lubricates mechanical parts of machine, using handtools, grease gun, and oilcan.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.685-014 GRAPHITE PAN-DRIER TENDER (nonmet. min.)

    Tends vacuum-filter dewaterer and gas-fired pan-drier to prepare flake graphite from mill slurry: Starts pumps, filter, and drag mechanism on pan-drier. Lights gas burners on drier with torch and turns valves to regulate temperature as judged by color of flame. Turns valves to admit graphite slurry into dewaterer which extracts water (by means of vacuum exerted through rotating filter paddles) and discharges damp graphite onto pan of drier. Judges degree of dryness of graphite as drag mechanism moves it along length of drier pan. Adjusts drying rate by regulating input rate of graphite slurry into dewaterer. Removes filter paddles and replaces filter cloths (socks), using mechanic's handtools.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

549.685-018 MOLDER, WAX (petrol. refin.)

    Tends equipment that molds wax recovered from processed petroleum into cakes: Turns valves to fill molds with hot wax. Moves controls to circulate chilling fluid through molds, solidifying wax. Removes wax cakes from molds.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

549.685-022 REELER (build. mat., nec) alternate titles: roll winder; winder operator

    Tends machine that winds asphalt-coated roofing felt into rolls of specified length and width: Threads felt through feed rollers and inserts end in takeup reel. Starts machine that automatically weighs and ejects completed roll after specified weight has been wound. Depresses pedal to activate knife that severs roll from continuous feed after specified weight has been attained. May change gears to vary size and weight of rolls, using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.685-026 SCREENER-AND-BLENDER OPERATOR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: graphite-mill operator

    Tends screening and blending machine that removes rocks and twigs from coarse coke and mixes it with fine-ground coke to produce blended mix used to pack carbon electrodes in graphite furnaces: Shovels or dumps coarse coke onto vibrating screens. Starts screens that separate rocks, twigs, and other materials from coke. Starts conveyors that carry sifted coke from screening area and fine-ground coke from storage bins to top of blending tanks and dumps them into tanks. Starts blender blades that mix coke. Turns valves to release blended mix from blending tanks into storage tanks for removal to graphite furnaces.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.685-030 TREATER HELPER (petrol. refin.)

    Assists TREATER (petrol. refin.) in processing petroleum products, such as gasoline, kerosene, oils, and wax, with chemicals, steam, water, or air to remove impurities, such as sulfur: Examines pipelines and valves for leaks. Turns valves to charge equipment with product to be treated and to draw off water and spent chemicals after treatment and separation. Adds treating chemicals, such as sulfur and litharge, to product by turning valves or by dumping chemicals directly into equipment. Lubricates, adjusts, and performs minor maintenance on equipment and machinery as directed. May regulate pump speeds to control circulation of solution and product through unit. May gauge tanks with calibrated rod or tape to determine quantity of content [GAUGER (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines)]. May make chemical, specific gravity, and color tests of product and treating solution to determine process conditions. May draw samples of product for laboratory analysis. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

549.685-034 WASH-OIL-PUMP OPERATOR HELPER (steel & rel.)

    Assists WASH-OIL-PUMP OPERATOR (steel & rel.) in extracting light oil (crude benzol) from coke-oven gas: Opens valves and starts equipment. Reads gauges and records data as directed. Cleans coils, equipment, and work areas, using hose, water, cleaning agents, and broom. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.685-038 WAX MOLDER (foundry; jewelry-silver.)

    Tends semiautomatic wax-molding machine that produces wax patterns used in lost-wax casting process: Sprays interior surface of die with parting agent. Places die against stops in bed of machine and starts machine that forces melted wax into die by injection or centrifugal process. Loosens pattern from die, using airhose. Removes pattern from die and inspects it for defects. Cleans excess wax from pattern, using knife. May pour melted wax into holding cup of machine. May be designated according to molding process used as Centrifugal-Wax Molder (foundry; jewelry-silver.); Injection-Wax Molder (foundry; jewelry-silver.).
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.685-042 UTILITY OPERATOR III (chemical)

    Tends pumps that refill air and hydrogen purification filters with water and solutions to maintain operating levels: Reads gauges to check levels of water, liquid nitrogen, and caustic solution in air and hydrogen purification filters. Starts pumps that refill purification filters with water or other solutions to maintain specified levels. Cleans and changes filters of air and hydrogen driers. Records pressure and temperature readings of compressors, filters, and driers.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

549.686-010 BRIQUETTE-MACHINE-OPERATOR HELPER (fabrication, nec)

    Assists BRIQUETTE-MACHINE OPERATOR (fabrication, nec) in dehydrating, pulverizing, mixing, and molding ingredients to produce fuel briquettes: Inserts suction hose into opening in top of tank trucks and starts motor to transfer powdered charcoal, coal, or coke from truck to storage. Shovels or dumps sacked briquette ingredients into hoppers. Scrapes ingredients from drying oven with scraper and shovels ingredients onto conveyor. Pounds on conveyor pipes with hammer or woodblock to loosen clogged material. Lubricates machines and removes and installs machine parts as directed by BRIQUETTE-MACHINE OPERATOR (fabrication, nec).
GOE: 06.04.12 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.686-014 FELT HANGER (build. mat., nec) alternate titles: dry-talc racker

    Installs rolls of untreated roofing felt on feedrack and prepares roll for continuous asphalt-saturating process with aid of another worker: Inserts spindle in mandrel, pushes roll onto feedrack, and secures holding devices over spindle ends. Cuts away roll covering, using knife, threads end of felt through rollers, and splices end to end of previous roll with tape and hot iron. Inspects felt as roll unwinds and repairs defects, such as holes and tears, using tape and iron.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.687-010 CHASER, TAR (steel & rel.) alternate titles: tar chaser; tar runner

    Removes tar, pitch, and carbon accumulated in coke-collecting mains, using chisel bar: Lifts plugs from collecting main, using hook. Places disk over plughole and shoves chisel bar through center hole of disk. Twists bar to pry tar from walls of main. Removes tar and pitch from traps, using spooning bar. Sweeps and cleans area. Cleans spray nozzles of collecting mains, using wire-cleaning tool. May apply steam to loosen residue from walls of collecting mains.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.687-014 HOTHOUSE WORKER (chemical)

    Replaces burner tips, gas pipe, and carbon-collecting channels (flat surfaces) in hothouses (burner enclosures) used to produce carbon black by channel process, using wrenches and pipe-fitting tools. Cleans carbon dust from equipment and work area, using brooms and brushes.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

549.687-018 LABORER, PETROLEUM REFINERY (petrol. refin.) alternate titles: process helper

    Performs any combination of following tasks in refinery: Digs ditches, builds dikes and levees, and fills holes with earth, rock, sand, and asphalt gravels, using pick and shovel. Smooths ground surfaces and roadways, using hand tamper. Cleans refining equipment. Removes debris from roadways and work areas, and sprays and hoes weeds. Shovels sand and gravel off vehicles and dumps or shovels cement and sand into mixers. Mixes and pours cement and transports cement to forms with wheelbarrow. Unloads materials, such as tools, equipment, sacks of cement, sand, catalyst, salt, and lime, and oil barrels from freight cars and trucks, manually or with handtruck; and stacks barrels and sacks for storage. Uncrates equipment and parts, such as fractionating or treating towers and bubble trays, using pry bar and hammer; and installs bubble caps, using wrenches. Rips open sacks and dumps chemicals and catalysts into mixing, treating, or storage tanks. Dopes pipelines to prevent corrosion, using doping pot and tar. Changes hoist cables, and rigs chain hoists, rope blocks, power winches, and gin poles used to move or raise equipment. Skims oil from cooling water in water boxes. May be designated according to section of refinery in which work is performed as Laborer, Filter Plant (petrol. refin.).
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

549.687-022 MUD-MIXER HELPER (steel & rel.)

    Shovels clay, cinders, coke dust, and refuse scraped from oven doors into wheelbarrow, and transfers materials to MUD-MIXER OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.; steel & rel.) for mixing and eventual use in sealing coke-oven doors. Unloads mixed mud from trucks at mud distribution stations, using shovel and wheelbarrow. May clean coke-oven doors and standpipes, using rags.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

55 OCCUPATIONS IN PROCESSING OF CHEMICALS, PLASTICS, SYNTHETICS, RUBBER, PAINT, AND RELATED PRODUCTS

    This division includes occupations concerned with manufacturing basic chemicals, such as acids, alkalies, salts, and organic chemicals; chemical products to be used in further manufacture, such as synthetic organic fibers, synthetic rubber, dry colors, and pigments; finished chemical products to be used as materials in other industries, such as paints, fertilizers, and explosives; plastics powders, granules, pellets, liquids; plastics sheets, blocks, rods, tubes, and laminations; and rubber-stock shapes and objects from natural, synthetic, or reclaimed rubber.

550 MIXING AND BLENDING OCCUPATIONS

    This group includes occupations concerned with combining, mingling, or thoroughly fusing materials to produce a single mass or compound or to achieve a desired quality of texture, color, or similar characteristic.

550.131-010 COSMETICS SUPERVISOR (pharmaceut.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in producing liquid, powder, and cream cosmetics: Observes operation of machines to detect malfunctions and directs workers to replace defective parts, such as micro-sifters, mixer brushes, and screens. Blends color bases, following formulas. Examines liquid filterings for clarity and color prior to storage. Examines product for conformance to specifications. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

550.132-010 SUPERVISOR II (chemical)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing and packaging chemicals for use in insecticides, fungicides, herbicides and soil fumigants, utilizing knowledge of chemicals and machine operations: Records on batch card quantity and type chemicals required to obtain mixture, using chart. Draws sample from mixing tank, using syringe, and tests dissolvability of liquid in water to determine that product meets specifications. Observes workers to ensure products are processed according to specifications. Trains new workers in methods and techniques of chemical mixing. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

550.132-014 SUPERVISOR, FISH BAIT PROCESSING (toy-sport equip.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing, canning, labeling, and packing paste fish bait: Inspects mixture during processing to ensure conformance to specifications in color, scent, and consistency. Changes formula ingredients or mixing process to ensure adherence to standards. Observes machine operations to determine that product meets quality standards. Trains workers in machine operation and process methods. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

550.135-010 SUPERVISOR, COLOR-PASTE MIXING (textile)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing colors for use in printing textiles: Schedules mixing of colors to correspond with production schedule and issues formulas to workers. Compares color smears and printed samples with standard color swatches to determine if mixed colors meet specifications. Alters formulas if colors on printed sample do not match colors on sample swatch, utilizing knowledge of colors and printing requirements. Examines surplus color returned from printshop and schedules its use in other formulas. Inventories and requisitions supplies, such as base colors, starch, oils, and chemicals. Trains workers in operation of machines and equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

550.135-014 MIXING SUPERVISOR (plastic prod.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing plastic resins, color pigments, and additives for use in machine molding of plastic items: Reviews production records for each molding machine to determine amount of plastic mixture used and whether amount available is sufficient to fill existing orders, and notifies production control personnel of findings. Determines amount of virgin plastic needed to combine with reground material and reformulates mixing order to meet production requirements. Examines samples of rejected products to determine cause of defect and recommends corrective action, based on knowledge of ingredients and molding machine operations. Trains new employees. Confers with management and subordinates to resolve production problems. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

550.137-010 SUPERVISOR, COMPOUNDING-AND-FINISHING (chemical)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in compounding, weighing, and packaging of sulfonated oils, esters, stearates, and industrial soaps: Directs workers in compounding ingredients, using knowledge of chemical properties and reactions of ingredients. Reviews cumulative weight charts and examines compounds in process to detect discrepancies in weight, odor, clarity, and color. Designates type and size of container for packaging, according to product. Reviews laboratory analysis of samples and orders changes in process specifications, according to knowledge of chemical processes, ingredient characteristics, and experience with specific products. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

550.137-014 SUPERVISOR, PASTE MIXING (chemical)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in mixing ingredients of pastes used to form cores or to line cans of dry cells. Computes amounts of ingredients required from work orders and formulas. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

550.137-018 SUPERVISOR, SHIPPING (chemical)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in milling, blending, bagging, and shipping dry glue: Directs workers in moving and assembling prescribed amounts and kinds of glue for blending and shipment. Inspects assembled items and verifies amounts to ensure compliance with specifications. Directs worker to blend ingredients for specified period of time. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

550.362-010 FROTHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (rubber goods)

    Operates $T3frothing machine$T1 to mix air with latex for use in making foam rubber products: Observes gauges and turns valves to regulate flow of latex and air into frothing tank. Starts agitators in frothing tank to mix air with latex. Weighs out specified quantity of mixed latex and compares with formula to determine density of latex. Drains latex from frothing tank into holding tanks. Signals POURER (rubber goods) when latex is ready for molds. Regulates temperature and spray pumps in preconditioning chamber to heat and coat molds in preparation for loading.
GOE: 06.02.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.381-010 COLOR MATCHER (leather mfg.; plastic-synth.; tex. prod., nec)

    Mixes pigments or color concentrate to formulate coloring solutions used in dyeing leather or coated fabrics: Compares sample of desired color with standard color specifications to determine pigments required. Weighs and mixes pigments or concentrate with thinning and drying solutions until mixture matches sample. Dyes piece of leather or coated fabric and compares it with sample to verify color. May examine color of dispersed pigment, using color-checking lamps. May weigh, add, and mix ingredients to correct color discrepancy. Records specifications necessary to produce desired color.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.381-014 TINTER (paint & varnish) alternate titles: color matcher; color shader; finish mixer; paint tinter; shader

    Mixes pigments or base colors with paints, enamels, or lacquers to match standard or sample colors, following formulas and standard color samples: Starts agitator in tank filled with basic paint product. Pours pigments or base colors from containers and dumps specified amounts into tank to color basic product. Smears sample of batch on glass or paper, using spatula or brush, and compares sample with standard color, using colorimeter. Repeats operation to attain specified shade. Records ingredients added on batch ticket. Ladles sample into container, writes identifying data on container, and submits sample to laboratory for final color, gloss, weight, and viscosity tests. May add materials to thin batch [THINNER (paint & varnish) 550.585-038]. May remove foreign matter from batch, using centrifuge [CENTRIFUGE OPERATOR (paint & varnish) 551.685-034]. May weigh sample and calculate weight per gallon. May determine specific gravity, using hydrometer. May test for viscosity, using viscometer. May be designated according to product colored as Enamel Shader (paint & varnish); Lacquer Shader (paint & varnish); Latex-Paint Shader (paint & varnish); Oil-Paint Shader (paint & varnish).
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

550.382-010 COLOR MAKER (chemical)

    Controls equipment to make dyes from coal tar derivatives: Measures coal tar derivatives, using balance scale or graduated container, dumps them and required amounts of sodium salt of nitrous acid with hydrochloric acid into vat of water, and starts agitator to make chromogen (dye-forming substance). Adds ice to chromogen to maintain temperature at prescribed level. Dips litmus paper into chromogen to determine its acidity. Adds required amounts of auxochromes (salt-forming materials) to chromogen to strike (form) dye. Tests acidity of dye, using pH meter, and corrects variances from standard by adding specified acid or alkali to dye.
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.382-014 COLOR MAKER (tex. prod., nec)

    Operates machines to mix or grind daub, printing ink color, and color pigments, for artificial leather: Calculates batch size according to roll yardage to be coated. Weighs and measures, according to formula, components, such as ball mill mix, color pigments, and oils to attain colors and specified consistency. Moves components to agitator or ball mill mixers and roll grinders for processing, using handtruck. Dumps ingredients into and starts machines that grind and mix them. Collects color sample and compares it with color standard. Adds ingredients, such as white, clear, or colored pigments, or thinner to correct color discrepancies. Prepares new color batches when drum content in inventory storage is low. Lifts and moves drums, using portable air-operated hydraulic hoist. May be designated according to operation performed as Ball-Mill Mixer (tex. prod., nec); Daub-Color Matcher (tex. prod., nec); Daub-Color Mixer (tex. prod., nec); Grinding Operator (tex. prod., nec); Print-Color Matcher (tex. prod., nec); Print-Color Mixer (tex. prod., nec).
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.382-018 MIXER OPERATOR I (chemical) alternate titles: blender operator; mixing-house operator

    Controls mixing machine and auxiliary equipment to blend ingredients for explosives, such as dynamite, smokeless powder, and solid-propellant rocket fuel: Weighs out and charges specified quantities of solid materials into mixer, or feeds preweighed materials into mixing chamber. Meters prescribed quantities of liquid chemical agents, such as nitroglycerin, wetting agents, catalysts, or solvents into machine. Starts mixer to blend ingredients for specified time or until prescribed reaction occurs. Tilts mixer to discharge contents, moves dump lever, or shovels materials into containers for storage, shipment, or further processing. May compute quantities of chemical agents required for batch of given size, according to formula. May tend auxiliary equipment units, such as dissolving tanks, oven, or vibrating screens, to prepare or further process materials before or after mixing. When blending ingredients for pyrotechnic tracer shells, is designated Composition Mixer (chemical). When mixing nitroglycerin and dry ingredients to produce dynamite, regulating mixer speed and ingredients according to grade and type of dynamite specified, is designated Dope Mixer (chemical).
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.382-022 MIXING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry)

    Operates mixing machine to blend ingredients into compounds for processing: Loads ingredients into mixing machine hopper from conveyor, scales, or handtrucks, or directs other workers in performing this task. Starts machine and adjusts valves to admit steam or cooling fluids to steam jacket or devices in mixing chamber to aid in blending and densifying mixture. Operates machine until mixture reaches desired consistency, and turns lever to unload mixture into container, conveyor, or mill for sheeting. May operate auxiliary equipment to break up, grind, dry mix, or otherwise prepare mixture for final processing. May tend automatic mixing machine. May be designated according to trade name of machine.
GOE: 06.02.13 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

550.382-026 OPERATOR, CATALYST CONCENTRATION (plastic-synth.)

    Controls equipment, such as dissolving and mixing drums, catalyst chillers, heat exchangers, filters, moisturizer, vacuum strippers, pumps, and auxiliary equipment to dissolve and blend catalytic agents with isobutylene extract, and mix additive chemicals used to slurry butyl polymers: Empties catalyst from drums into dissolving drum to maintain specified concentration. Turns valves and instrument control dials on units and control panel to maintain required temperatures, pressures, and flow rates. Starts pumps that blend catalyst and feed stock in specified proportions and circulate catalyst through moisturizer, chillers, filters, and vacuum strippers. Weighs solid chemicals in required batches. Starts mixing tanks to blend additive chemicals used to slurry butane polymers. Pumps additives to storage drums. Turns valves or lowers liter bottle into vessels to take samples for laboratory tests. Gauges storage tanks. Records meter and gauge readings, quantities of chemicals used, and other operating information.
GOE: 06.02.13 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.382-030 ROOF-CEMENT-AND-PAINT MAKER (build. mat., nec; nonmet. min.)

    Operates one or more mixing machines to combine tar, asbestos fiber, asphalt, or similar ingredients to make roof coating and cement: Starts mixing machine and pump and opens line valve to admit asphalt into mixing machine. Observes indicator or measuring stick and stops asphalt flow when specified amount has entered mixing machine. Dumps specified ingredients through well into mixing tank or starts conveyor and dumps ingredients onto conveyor leading to mixing machine. Reads ammeter to determine consistency of mixture and adds materials as needed, or visually determines when mixture has attained consistency and stops mixing machine. Draws off sample of mixture for laboratory testing. Turns lock bolts to open lines between mixing tank and storage tank, using wrench. Keeps record of batch made, including deviations from written formula.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.382-034 SOLUTIONS OPERATOR (plastic-synth.)

    Controls equipment to blend butadiene-styrene latexes together with processing oils, stabilizers, and other additives to produce various kinds of synthetic rubber according to formulas: Turns valves to connect pipelines from storage tanks to blending tanks or weigh tanks. Starts pumps and agitators. Turns valves to discharge blended materials from tanks into streams for coagulation. Pumps latex into blending tanks to obtain specified mixtures. Gauges tank or observes markings on side of tank to verify specified volumes of each type of latex. Observes dials and pumps specified amounts of additive materials into weigh tanks. Discharges additives into blending tanks. Takes samples of blends for laboratory testing. Records blend data in logs.
GOE: 06.02.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.485-010 CHEMICAL MIXER (photofinishing)

    Tends machine that mixes specified chemicals and liquids according to formula to prepare solutions for use in processing exposed film: Opens valves and starts pumps to transfer specified amount and type of liquid from storage tank into mixing tanks. Weighs specified chemicals on scale and dumps chemicals into mixing tank. Activates mixing tank agitators and sets timer to mix ingredients for specified period of time. Observes gauge readings on mixing tank and adjusts temperature and flowmeter controls when readings vary from established norms. Obtains sample of solution in tube and tests for acidity or alkalinity, using pH meter. Submits sample of solution to laboratory for analysis, reviews analysis, and adds required amounts of chemicals to attain solution of specified standard. Opens valves and pumps solution into storage tank. May recover silver or other chemical solid from used solution by electrolysis, using reclamation tank, or by chemical precipitation, using centrifuge.
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

550.485-018 PAINT MIXER, MACHINE (any industry)

    Tends paint-mixing machines that mix paint, lacquer, and stain: Attaches powered mixer to barrels of unmixed paint and starts mixer to stir paint for specified time to obtain specified consistency. Computes amounts and weights of paint, lacquer, solvent, or thinner required from standard formula, and pours specified amounts into mixing machine. Starts mixer and allows it to run for prescribed time to attain specified viscosity and color. Measures viscosity, using viscosimeter and stop watch. May pump paint from central pumping station to spray booths. May filter paint or pyroxylin to remove impurities. May maintain record of paint issued and inventory of supplies on hand.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.485-022 POWDER BLENDER AND POURER (chemical)

    Tends equipment that blends various types of propellent powders used in manufacture of small arms ammunition: Examines and verifies powder with identifying data on container and type of powder specified on work order. Pours powder from containers into partitioned hopper and turns knob to adjust rate of flow from hopper compartments according to powder blend proportions. Verifies accuracy of hopper adjustment by drawing powder sample from each hopper compartment, using stopwatch to time flow, and weighing samples and calculating rate of flow; or by starting agitator that shakes powders into blending tube, separating blended powders according to grain size, using sieve, and weighing each size. Readjusts hopper controls as indicated by rate-of-flow or sieve test until powder proportions match specifications. Replaces full containers of blended powder under discharge tube. May fill small containers with powder by hand.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.485-026 PULVERIZING-AND-SIFTING OPERATOR (chemical)

    Tends mechanical equipment, such as jaw crusher, disintegrator, ball mill, swing hammer mill, agitator sifter, and silk screen shakers that pulverize and sift ingredients of propellent and priming powders preparatory to blending: Feeds raw material into machine or hopper, using hands or scoop. Adjusts machines to reduce material to granules of desired size by turning screw, using spanner wrench, to adjust space between reciprocating crusher jaws, or turning rheostat to regulate vibrator speed controlling rate of flow into disintegrator, or changing number of balls or hammers in mills, depending on type of machine used. Tends agitator-sifter to sift pulverized ingredients to obtain granules within specified grain size in desired proportions. Sends sample to laboratory and computes quantity of individual grain size to be added or screened out to bring blend to acceptable proportions. Changes screens, using wrench, to produce desired size granules. Pours sifted material into drum and rolls drum on floor to blend material. Tends shaker machine to sift pulverized glass through silk screen for blending in priming mixture. May hand blend priming compounds.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.564-010 METAL-BONDING CRIB ATTENDANT (chemical)

    Mixes, stores, and issues metal bonding adhesives for use by workers assembling metal parts for aircraft, missile and space vehicles, marine craft, or trailer parts: Measures and weighs ingredients according to formula to obtain specified weight and proportion, using scales, balances, and graduated vessels. Dumps ingredients into machine, and starts machine that mixes ingredients into adhesives. Removes adhesives from machine and stores them in bins. Requisitions ingredients, issues adhesives to workers, and keeps records of disposition of materials.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.565-010 PRIMER-POWDER BLENDER, DRY (ordnance)

    Tends equipment that blends and screens dry explosive powders in cloth, cone-shaped mixing and screening device to make primer powder for center-fire cartridges: Selects and carries predetermined quantities of ingredients from storage magazines and dryhouse to mixing house. Positions containers in specified order on dumping shelf of mixing device. Moves dump arm by remote control from behind cement wall to empty containers in mixing bag. Turns mixing crank specified number of times to move bag center up and down to blend powders, observing operations in mirrors set at angles. Pours blended powder into rubber containers, marks with identifying data, and carries them to storage magazines. Washes equipment and premises to prevent accumulation of explosive dust. Mends and replaces torn mixing bags, using needle and thread. Repairs screens and attaches bags to wall of mixing cylinder, using special lacing and tying technique. May blend wet mixtures [PRIMER-POWDER BLENDER, WET (chemical)].
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.582-010 PRIMER-POWDER BLENDER, WET (chemical)

    Controls mixing kettles to blend explosive ingredients and produce wet priming mixture used in rim-fire cartridges: Carries prescribed quantities of dry powder, ground glass, liquid gum, and other ingredients from storage house to control house. Measures and mixes specified amounts of ingredients in rubber basin, using rubber spatula. Carries initial mixture to isolated mixing house and scoops it into mixing machine. Returns to control house and starts mixer, using switch on control panel. Stops mixer at designated intervals to add ingredients and to examine mixture to detect degree of dryness, adding water as required to prevent ignition of mixture during blending. Scoops blended mixture into rubber containers (boats), marks boats with identifying data, and carries them to storage house. Washes equipment and premises to prevent accumulation of explosive material. May prepare ingredients for blending.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.582-014 WEIGHER-BULKER (chemical)

    Operates battery of agitator-equipped tanks to blend base perfume fragrances for use in items, such as soaps, perfumes, and insecticides: Rolls drums or trays of solid material into heating chamber to melt and prepare for bulking. Sets thermostat to prescribed temperature and leaves drums in chamber for specified period. Starts blower to cool chamber. Pushes materials to bulking area. Rolls trays of containers or drums of liquid material to bulking tanks. Dumps or pumps specified quantities into tanks. Starts agitators in tanks and allows materials to blend for specified periods. Examines materials in tanks for impurities and to determine if color conforms to standard. Places empty drum on preset floor scale. Attaches filter press hoses to outlet on blending tank and to drum intake spout. Opens valve to drain material from tank through filter press to drum. Sets thermostat at prescribed temperature and dumps flaked or crystallized material into steam-jacketed kettle to melt. Ties filter cloth on discharge spout, and turns spigot to drain material into bucket. Dumps material from bucket into casting trays and allows to cool until congealed. Removes congealed cubes or slabs from casting trays, using wooden mallet, and stores in plastic lined containers. Draws off samples from each bulked lot and labels it for laboratory files. Seals containers. Stencils lot numbers on drums or affixes labels to bottles and cans. Maintains record of bulking operations. Transports drums and other containers on trays or handtrucks to storage room. Cleans tanks, filter presses, and other equipment, using solvents, hoses, and brushes. May add prescribed chemicals to bulked materials to neutralize acid or control color. May blend materials by stirring with paddle.
GOE: 06.02.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.584-010 FLUX MIXER (chemical)

    Mixes soldering flux, and supplies soldering or welding machines with flux and solder: Mixes flux in crock or vat according to formula, using paddle. Tests consistency of flux with hydrometer. Carries or trucks flux or solder to machines. Cleans reservoirs of spent or stale flux, using solvent. Keeps records of solder and flux consumed and salvaged.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.584-014 SAMPLE-COLOR MAKER (paint & varnish)

    Mixes color samples from standard pigments and production pigments, for subsequent comparison of color characteristics, to ensure conformity of production pigments with standard pigments: Weighs out specified amounts of standard and production pigments and places them on glass plates or in beakers. Mixes pigments with specified vehicle, such as water or oil to form color samples, using spatula. Smears samples on paper and rubs samples with paint scraper or glass rod. Writes identifying data on color sample sheets and submits sheets to supervisor for evaluation.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

550.585-010 BINDER TECHNICIAN (glass mfg.)

    Tends machine that mixes binder fluid used in production of fiberglass sliver or mats: Weighs and measures ingredients according to formula and pours or dumps ingredients into mixing vats. Turns valve to start flow of water and steam into vats and starts portable or power mixer to agitate ingredients for specified time. Observes temperature charts and thermometers to determine if specified temperature is maintained. Turns valve to increase flow of steam or water to regulate temperature of mixture or notifies supervisor of excessive temperatures. Dips beaker into vat to obtain sample of binder fluid and delivers sample to testing room. Obtains test results and adds ingredients according to instructions or turns valve to start flow of binder fluid into specified circulatory tank. Cleans mixing vats, mixers, and other equipment, using water and cloths. Records number of batches mixed, ingredients used, gallons mixed, gallons lost, and net gallons mixed for inventory and production records.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.585-014 CELLOPHANE-BATH MIXER (plastic-synth.)

    Tends equipment to mix and transfer acid bath that coagulates viscose solution into cellophane: Starts pumps and evaporators to mix bath ingredients, such as acid, softener, and bleach, according to specifications, and to transfer bath solution to storage tanks. Observes indicators and controlling instruments and turns valves to regulate flow rate, temperature, and pressure of solution in pipelines and evaporators. Tests acidity of bath, using pH meter, or draws sample for laboratory analysis. Maintains record of bath temperature, acidity, and operating conditions of equipment.
GOE: 06.04.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.585-018 CHEMICAL MIXER (textile)

    Tends equipment that mixes chemicals for use in bleaching, cleaning, desizing, latexing, mercerizing, and finishing canvas goods, carpets and rugs, felt goods, and textile yarns and fabrics: Weighs or measures quantities of ingredients, such as peroxide, silica, caustic, solvents, emulsions, resins, starches, and detergents, following formula, and pours them into mixing tank. Turns valves to admit water into tank up to mark on tank wall. Starts mixer and allows solution to mix for specified period of time. Turns valve to transfer solution from mixing tank to storage tank. Tests solutions in storage tanks with hydrometer, viscosimeter, or by titration to detect variations from standards and adds appropriate ingredients to restore solution to standard strength. Records test results, batches of solutions mixed, and chemicals used in each batch for production and inventory purposes. May inject steam into solution to dissolve ingredients or cook solution to specified consistency. May be designated according to solution mixed as Acid-Bath Mixer (textile); Ammonia-Solution Preparer (textile); Caustic Mixer (textile); Gum Mixer (textile); Latex Compounder (textile); Size Maker (textile); Soap Mixer (textile); Waterproofing Mixer (textile).
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.585-022 COATING OPERATOR (chemical)

    Tends battery of mixing vessels that mix chemical solutions with process catalysts to apply chemical coating, such as alumina: Starts pump to admit coating solution to automatic measuring tank and to transfer solution from measuring tank to coating vessel. Starts agitator to mix solution. Draws sample from coating vessel, using dipstick, and tests for specified balance between acidity and alkalinity, using pH meter. Turns valve to add solutions to coating vessel until required balance is achieved. Stops agitator and pumps mixture to storage tanks after specified mixing time. Records processing time and pH reading on operating record.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.585-026 LIME-SLUDGE MIXER (paper & pulp)

    Tends agitator tanks that mix chemicals with lime sludge to produce filler used in finishing paper: Adjusts valves to control flow of sludge through filter screen into agitator tank. Adds acid and alum, and starts agitator to stir mixture. Tests alkalinity of mixture by titration test, and adds acid or alum as necessary. Weighs specified samples of sludge and compares them with standard chart to determine density. Screens sludge sample through wire mesh to detect presence of foreign matter. Records test results and quantities of sludge processed.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.585-030 NITRATING-ACID MIXER (chemical)

    Tends mixing tanks and auxiliary equipment to combine acids or other specified liquid ingredients to produce solutions for manufacturing explosives, such as nitroglycerin, tetryl, and TNT: Pumps specified liquids through metering or weighing tanks into mixing tank. Starts tank agitator to mix ingredients for specified time. Draws samples of product for laboratory analysis and transfers additional ingredients to tank until product meets plant standard. Pumps mixed product to storage, tank cars, or other processing units. May turn steam or coolant valves to heat or cool product during mixing, maintaining temperature in equipment within prescribed limits as indicated by tank thermometer. May maintain records of mixing time, gauge readings, and number of batches produced for shift log. May be designated according to product produced as Ammonium-Nitrate Neutralizer (chemical); Dimethylaniline-Sulfator Operator (chemical).
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.585-034 PASTE MIXER (chemical)

    Tends mixing machine or mulling mill that mixes lead oxide powders, water, and acid into paste for storage-battery grids: Measures or weighs specified amounts of oxide, water, and acid, using barrels, buckets, or measuring tanks. Dumps barrels of oxide into mixer or into pit equipped with bucket elevator and conveyor leading to mixer. Starts mixer and turns valves to add specified amount of water and acid to oxide. Tests sample of paste for temperature, solidity, and density, using probe thermometer, penetrometer, and gram scale and records results. Dumps mixture into cart and pushes or pulls cart to pasting machine. Records batch weight and starting and withdrawal time. Cleans machine, using water and brush. May tend equipment to heat and mix ingredients of liquid paste and be designated Paste Mixer, Liquid (elec. equip.).
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.585-038 THINNER (paint & varnish)

    Tends equipment to mix specified amounts of liquid and powdered ingredients, such as oils, solvents, lead salts, and resins, with paint products, such as paint pigment and paste, varnish, and stain, to thin products: Weighs ingredients, using scales, and dumps into mixer. Turns valves on storage tanks to admit specified liquids into mixer, and starts power agitator to blend ingredients. Starts pump to transfer batch to storage tank or clarifying machine. Writes identifying code on tanks and records quantities and types of ingredients added to batch. May be designated according to mixture thinned as Bulk-Pigment Reducer (paint & varnish); Paste Thinner (paint & varnish); Stain Maker (paint & varnish); Varnish Thinner (paint & varnish).
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.585-042 TRACER-POWDER BLENDER (chemical)

    Tends machines and equipment that prepare and blend dry and liquid chemicals to produce flammable mixtures of specified composition for igniter, subigniter, and tracer powders used in tracer bullets: Weighs and measures amounts of ingredients in pounds, ounces, and drams, according to chart, using bench scale and beakers. Tends remote-controlled tumbling barrels to blend chemicals, adding ingredients in designated sequence at timed intervals; steam-heated oven to dry ingredients; and remote-controlled ball mill to pulverize dried ingredients, adding required number of rubber balls to achieve prescribed degree of pulverization. Sifts powder through silk screen by hand. Pours finished mixes into rubber pouches, marks with identifying data, and carries them to storage magazines. Brushes, washes, and hoses equipment and premises to prevent dangerous accumulation of powder.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.585-046 WAX BLENDER (fabrication, nec)

    Tends equipment to color wax used in candles: Weighs and dumps wax into kettles, according to specifications. Turns valves to circulate steam through jackets or turns thermostat knob to heat wax to specified temperature. Turns valve or starts pumps to transfer molten wax to tanks and kettles and adds prescribed dye to color wax. Pours wax into molds to form sample candles and examines candles to ensure compliance with specifications. Records quantities and types of wax used.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.586-010 BLENDER HELPER (plastic prod.; plastic-synth.)

    Transports materials from storage areas, using handtruck: Weighs materials on platform scales and records weights. Loads materials in bags or in tubs on conveyor to transport them to blending machine. Raises and transports drums of liquid ingredients, such as oils, using hoist. Empties drums, using bung-wrench, and turns valves to admit liquid ingredients into tanks. Opens sacks with knife and empties dry materials, such as clay, carbon black, or glass filler, into blending machine. May press buttons to start agitator. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

550.587-010 MAKE-UP OPERATOR HELPER (chemical)

    Weighs dry chemicals in batches, records weights on process sheets, and transfers materials to mixing area, using handtruck. May collect samples of solutions for laboratory tests. May clean tanks, process lines, hoppers, and other equipment.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.587-014 SAMPLE COLLECTOR (chemical)

    Mixes fertilizer samples preparatory to laboratory analysis: Collects material from storage bin, railroad car, or bagging area, using auger or shovel. Dumps material onto mixing table. Blends material, using shovel, paddle, or hands. Pours blended sample into container, writes identifying information, such as material, date, and sample number, on label and attaches label to container. Collects samples of granulated fertilizer during various stages of processing, pours sample through riffle (separator) to mix and reduce amount to representative sample, and sends sample to laboratory for analysis.
GOE: 06.04.17 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

550.662-010 BLEACH-LIQUOR MAKER (paper & pulp)

    Controls chemical reaction vats and mixing equipment to compound pulp bleaching solution, following specifications: Starts conveyor and opens valve to dump specified quantities of lime or sodium hydroxide and water into mixing tank to make lime slurry. Starts pump and turns valve to start flow of chlorine and lime slurry to chlorinating tanks. Adjusts controls to regulate temperature of solution to prevent adverse chemical reactions. Starts mixing machine in tank to mix bleaching solution. Sprinkles indicator solution on top of mixture in tank or makes titration test to determine completion of chemical reaction. Starts pumps to transfer bleach solution to storage. May control reaction cells and $T3absorption tower$T1 in which chlorine dioxide bleaching gas is formed from calcium chlorate and sulfurous acid. May operate conveyor to remove bulk lime from railroad cars to storage bins. May connect pipe and hose lines to tank cars containing chlorine gas.
GOE: 06.02.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

550.663-010 FORMULA WEIGHER (rubber goods)

    Operates tram car, suspended from monorail, beneath overhead storage bins to collect and weigh powdered chemicals in weighing bin, according to laboratory formulas, and empties assembled ingredients into chute of mixer: Moves levers to drive electrically powered car from one bin to another and to raise accordionlike mouth of weighing bin to mouth of storage bin. Pulls lever to drop chemical from storage into weighing bin and observes scale until weight specified is reached. Moves car and repeats weighing until each specified ingredient is added. Scoops from barrels, and weighs and adds by hand, quantities of chemicals too small or too rarely used to warrant storing in bins. Positions bottom of weighing bin over mixer chute, and on all-clear-light from MIXING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry), depresses pedal to drop accumulated chemicals into mixer chute. Confers with MIXING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) to discuss changes in chemicals or quantities specified.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

550.665-010 BLENDER II (chemical)

    Tends equipment that blends batches of smokeless powder to obtain final product having uniform ballistic properties: Moves levers in control room to activate rotation equipment or to transfer powder repeatedly between top and bottom bins to effect thorough mixing. Opens vent in bottom bin to dump powder into containers or buggies for storage, shipment, or further processing. May add or remove powders in rotating blender barrels, using hand scoop, to adjust mixture or remove sample. When tending machine equipped with toothed rotors to blend powder, is designated Macerator Operator (chemical). May be designated according to kind of powder blended as Tetryl-Blender Operator (chemical).
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.665-014 COMPOSITION MIXER (fabrication, nec)

    Tends mixers that blend ingredients for use in production of hard-surface floor covering: Positions charge chute on mixer and signals worker to charge machine with preweighed ingredients. Pulls lever to close mixer, starts mixing mechanism, and sets steam and temperature controls. Examines color and consistency of mix to determine whether ingredients are blended according to specifications. Starts machine drive to discharge mix into sheet mill or shovels mix into container. May pull lever of hydraulic dump cylinder to discharge mix into bucket of lift truck.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

550.665-018 FERTILIZER MIXER (chemical)

    Tends machine that mixes nitrogen, phosphate, and potash to produce fertilizer: Pulls lever to feed dry materials from storage hopper into mixer. Observes gauges and turns valves to admit specified amounts of liquids, such as ammonia and sulfuric acid, into mixer. Stops mixer after specified time and turns handwheel or pulls lever to dump batch onto conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

550.665-022 MOTTLER OPERATOR (fabrication, nec)

    Tends mottling machines that blend prescribed color mixes to achieve specified patterns or shade combinations for finished hard-surface floor covering: Selects specified mix from storage area and moves mix to charging station, using handtruck. Divides panned mix into portions, according to formula, weighs fractional quantities on balance scale, and dumps them into hopper of machine. Weighs filler, whiting, and other material as specified, using floor scale, and dumps them into hopper. Sets timer on mottler for prescribed cycle, or examines mix periodically to determine when desired mottle has been achieved. Shovels mottled mix into trucks for delivery to storage area.
GOE: 06.04.11 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

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